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  1. 1. IMPACT OF GROUP TECHNIQUES ON ELEMINATING THE LEARNING DISABILITIES OF LEARNERS Dr. Manas Ranjan Panigrahi Manav Rachna College of Education (MRCEd) MREI Campus, Sector-43, Delhi-Faridabad Road, Faridabad, Haryana.
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES • To develop diagnostic test to study the nature of LD in reading skills in English language. • To evolve suitable strategies to over come the reading disorders as well as computation skill in arithmetic. • To study the effects of the evolved strategies in eliminating reading disorders and computation/skill in Arithmetic for students of class-IV and among the students of class-V in English.
  3. 3. SCOPE OF THE STUDY Language • Reading disorders in pronunciation, relating to incorrect speech, no omission of certain letters. • No use of pause, intonation disorder in Spelling. Arithmetic • Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division. • Arranging number in ascending and descending order. • Place value.
  4. 4. SAMPLE The sample consisted of 10 students from class IV Math and 8 students from class V English identified with such deficiencies from the Govt Primary School of Old Faridabad were selected purposively to conduct the experiment.
  5. 5. DESIGN OF THE STUDY It was single group with pre-post test design. • Diagnosis 1st round Treatment Test 2nd round Treatment –Retest 3rd round Treatment-Final Test • Stage-I • Diagnostic Test • Remedial package (i) In Language (ii) In Arithmetic • Stage – II Interaction • Stage-III Evaluation Strategies
  6. 6. TECHNIQUES • Cooperative Learning Strategies • Student Teams Achievement Divisions (STAD) • Teams Games Tournament (TGT) • Peer Tutoring • Team Assisted Individualization (TAI)
  7. 7. RESULT • English Language Difficult concepts Elimination Elimination Elimination after the First after the Second after the Third round treatment round treatment round treatment Pronounceable (No of words100) 15% 18% 25% Reading using pause & 15% 20% 25% Reading with into action 5% 10% 15% Reading with stream 5% 10% 15% intonation
  8. 8. Arithmetic Concept Elimination after the First round treatment Elimination after the Second round treatment Elimination after the Third round treatment Addition 12% 18% 25% Subtraction 10% 15% 20% Multiplication 10% 12% 15% Place value 10% 10% 10% As seen ding discussion order 15% 15% 20%
  9. 9. SUGGESTIONS • • • • • • • Diagnostic tests should be meticulously designed. The specific learning problems are to be identified and strategies are to be applied accordingly. Besides STAD, TGT, TAI and PTA (Peer Tutoring) other techniques may be developed for eliminating the learning disability of the learners. The same exercise should continue till the learning disabilities are eliminated to Zero level. If SSA functionaries adopt such techniques and strategies for the disadvantaged group and for learning disabled children in a global way then we can achieve certain levels of quality education. Various remedial packages should be developed centrally and/or through SSA functionaries (BRCs, CRCs, DIET) and State level for the disadvantaged group. Teacher educators, Teacher trainers and school teachers should be trained time to time related to the various types of innovative strategies and development of the remedial packages for the effectiveness of classroom teaching.
  10. 10. THANKS