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Subject-Verb Agreement Agreement in number and phrases between subject and verb
Verbs must agree with their subjects in NUMBER <ul><li>If the subject is SINGULAR, the verb must be in its SINGULAR form <...
Phrases lurking in the sentence <ul><li>Sometimes a phrase that is hiding between the subject and verb can be confusing.  ...
Let’s review phrases, shall we? <ul><li>A phrase is a group of related words that act as one part of speech. They do not h...
More phrase review! <ul><li>Appositive phrases give more information about a noun or pronoun </li></ul><ul><li>Bob,  my fa...
More example phrases… <ul><li>My brother tried  licking a light post  on a cold winter’s day. (gerund phrase) </li></ul><u...
Why is recognizing a phrase important?  <ul><li>… because sometimes they make subject/verb agreement a difficult task.  </...
More examples: <ul><li>Books –  whether history or science fiction  —are fascinating.  </li></ul><ul><li>The jeans  in the...
Practice and Apply <ul><li>Try out activity 3 on page 159 1-5. Write the verb form that agrees with the subject.  </li></ul>
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Sva And The Confusing Phrases

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Sva And The Confusing Phrases

  1. 1. Subject-Verb Agreement Agreement in number and phrases between subject and verb
  2. 2. Verbs must agree with their subjects in NUMBER <ul><li>If the subject is SINGULAR, the verb must be in its SINGULAR form </li></ul><ul><li>If the verb is PLURAL, the verb must be in its PLURAL form </li></ul><ul><li>Hint: a noun that ends in “s” is usually plural, but a verb that ends in “s” is usually singular. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: The student helps the old lady across the street. </li></ul><ul><li>The students help the old lady across the street. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Phrases lurking in the sentence <ul><li>Sometimes a phrase that is hiding between the subject and verb can be confusing. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>The Smith family dog, loved by neighbors, barks every evening until midnight. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Let’s review phrases, shall we? <ul><li>A phrase is a group of related words that act as one part of speech. They do not have a subject or predicate. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepositional phrases – begin w/ a preposition and act as adjectives or adverbs. </li></ul><ul><li>He went to the movies . The cat was hiding under the rug . The phone in my purse just rang. </li></ul>
  5. 5. More phrase review! <ul><li>Appositive phrases give more information about a noun or pronoun </li></ul><ul><li>Bob, my favorite cousin , just ran over my cat. </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal (participial, gerund and infinitive) phrases act as nouns, adjectives or adverbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Painfully plunking the keys , the boy rehearsed his piano lesson for an hour.(ptc.) </li></ul>
  6. 6. More example phrases… <ul><li>My brother tried licking a light post on a cold winter’s day. (gerund phrase) </li></ul><ul><li>To watch him squirm as he tried to break free was quite entertaining. (infinitive phrase) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why is recognizing a phrase important? <ul><li>… because sometimes they make subject/verb agreement a difficult task. </li></ul><ul><li>HOWEVER, when a phrases is stuck between the subject and verb, the number of the subject does NOT change. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: The success of our students is reflected in their performance after high school. (subject- success/ verb – is) </li></ul>
  8. 8. More examples: <ul><li>Books – whether history or science fiction —are fascinating. </li></ul><ul><li>The jeans in the window are really expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Most foods needed for our citizens to survive are still cultivated in the United States. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Practice and Apply <ul><li>Try out activity 3 on page 159 1-5. Write the verb form that agrees with the subject. </li></ul>

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