Robi YTP Round 2 Team: Dhaka University

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Robi YTP Round 2 Team: Dhaka University

  1. 1. ROBI YTP 2013‘Bangladesh: Towards MDG’ Dhaka University
  2. 2. Section 1: Most and LeastSuccessful MDGs of Bangladesh
  3. 3. Target 1: Halving the no. of people under Poverty Line Base Target Current Status Poverty Headcount ratio 59 29 31.5 On Track Poverty Gap Ratio 17 8 6.5 Goal Met Target 2: Halve by 2015 the proportion of people who suffer from hunger Base Target Current Status Prevalence of Child Malnutrition 68 33 45 Off TrackPopulation below Minimum level of Dietary Energy Consumption 28 14 20 On Track Source: UNDP 2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics HIES 2010 and Bangladesh Planning Commission
  4. 4. Target 3:Ensure that All Boys and Girls Complete a Full Course of Primary Education Base Target Current Status Net Enrollment in Primary Education 61 100 91 On Track Percentage of Cohort Reaching Grade 5 43 100 55 Needs Attention Adult Literacy Rate 37 100 58 Needs Attention Source: UNDP 2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics HIES 2010 and Bangladesh Planning Commission
  5. 5. Target 4: Eliminate Gender Disparity in Primary and Secondary Education Base Target Current Status Ratio of Girls to Boys in Schools (percent) 77 100 106 AchievedRatio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education (percent) 37 100 32 Needs Attention Ratio of Literate Females to Males (percent) 65 100 85 Needs Attention Source: UNDP 2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics HIES 2010 and Bangladesh Planning Commission
  6. 6. Target 5:Reduce by Two Thirds by 2015 the Under 5 Mortality Rate Base Target Current Status Under 5 Mortality Rate (per 1000) 146 50 54 On Track Infant Mortality Rate (per 1000 Live Birth) 92 31 41 On Track Immunization 54 100 82 On Track Source: UNDP 2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics HIES 2010 and Bangladesh Planning Commission
  7. 7. Target 6: Reduce by Three Quarters, by 2015, the Maternal Mortality Ratio Base Target Current StatusMaternal Mortality Ratio (per 100,000 Live Births) 574 143 194 On Track Birth Attended by Skilled Health Staff (percent) 5 50 24 Needs Attention Source: UNDP 2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics HIES 2010 and Bangladesh Planning Commission
  8. 8. Target 7: Have Halted by 2015 and begin to Reverse the Spread of HIV/AIDS Base Target Current Status Contraceptive Prevalence Rate 40 72 60 Needs Attention Target 8: Have Halted by 2015 and begin to Reverse the Incidence of Malaria and Other Diseases Base Target Current Status Deaths of Malaria per 100,000 Population 1.4 0 0.4 Needs AttentionIncidence of Tuberculosis per 100,000 Population 264 132 225 Needs Attention Source: UNDP 2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics HIES 2010 and Bangladesh Planning Commission
  9. 9. Target 9:Integrate the Principle of Sustainable Development into Country Policy Base Target Current Status Productive Forest Area 9 20 13 Needs Attention Consumption of CFC’s 195 0 128 Needs AttentionTarget 10:Halve, by 2015, the proportion of People Without Access to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Base Target Current Status Rural Population Access to Safe Drinking Water 93.1 96.5 79 Need Attention Rural Population Access to Safe Sanitary Latrines 15.3 90 85 On TrackTarget 11:By 2020, Have Achieve a Significant Improvement in the Lifes of at Least 100 Million Slum Dwellers Base Target Current Status Proportion of Household 36.4 Insufficient Data Source: UNDP 2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics HIES 2010 and Bangladesh Planning Commission
  10. 10. Target 12: Develop a Global Implementation Strategies for Decent and Productive Work for Youth Base Target Current Status Youth Unemployment Rate 2.9 0 13.4 Needs Attention Target 13: Make Available the Benefits of New Technologies, especially Information and Communication Base Target Current StatusFixed Line and Mobile Telephone (percent) 0.2 50 13.6 On Track Source: UNDP 2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics HIES 2010 and Bangladesh Planning Commission
  11. 11. Most Successful Least Successful Source: UNDP 2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics HIES 2010 and Bangladesh Planning Commission
  12. 12. Section 2: Bangladesh’s ProgressCompared to the Global Performance
  13. 13. Bangladesh World’s Performance Target 1. Poverty reduction from 68.80% to 1. Poverty rate decreased from 46% to 34.40%Target 1 49.60% (1991-2010) 27% and 2.Poverty gap ratio is 6.5 (2011). 2. People living on less than $1.25% a day Poverty gap from about 1.8 billion to 1.4 ratio- 8 billion(1990-2005) 1. Gap between economic recovery 1. Gap between economic recovery and recovery in employment and recovery in employment N/ATarget 2 persists. persists. 2. Still vulnerable in terms of 2. Vulnerable employment rate Employment to population increased Employment to increased from 48.5% to 59.3 population ratio in developed For all countries was 54.8% (2010) 1.Proportion of population below 1.Despite reduction in significant 14% 1805kcal consumption decreased reduction in poverty hunger remained from 28% to 19.5%Target 3 stable at 16%. 2.Underweight of children aged 2. Underweight of children declined 33% under 5 declined from 66% to from 30% to 23% (1990 and 2009) 45%.
  14. 14. Bangladesh World’s Performance Target 1. Adult literacy rate of 15+ years old Data not available 100% population increased from37.2% to 58.4%Target 1 2.Percentage of people starting 2. 87 out of 100 children 100% grade 1 who reach grade 5 increased from 43% to 67.2 Net enrolment in primary education Increased from 83% to 89% (1999- 100% increased from 60.5% to 94.9% 2009)
  15. 15. Bangladesh World’s Performance Target 1. Ratio of girls to boys in primary 1. Increased from .88 to .96 1 education (Gender parity index=Target 1 girls/boys) increased from .83 to 1.02 2. Ratio of girls to boys in secondary 2. Caucasus and Central Asia, education (Gender parity index= Northern Africa and South- 1 girls/boys) increased from .52 to Eastern Asia have achieved parity 1.14 3. Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary 3. Gender parity for the whole education (Gender parity index= developing world is highest, at 97 1 girls/boys) increased from .37 to girls for every 100 boys. .39 4. Proportion of seats held by women in the National 4. Increased from 11.6% to 19.3% 33% Parliament increased from 12.7% to 19.87%
  16. 16. Bangladesh World’s Performance Target 1. Under-five Mortality Rate (per 1. Decreased from 89 deaths per 48 1000 live births) decreased from 1000 live births to 60 in 2009.Target 1 146 to 50 (base year 1990) 2. 2. Infant Mortality Rate (per 1000 live births) decrease from 2. Not Sufficient Data 31 92 to 39 3. Proportion of 1 year –old children immunized against measles 3. Increased from 69% to 80%. 100% increased from 54% to 85.3 % (from 2000 to 2009)
  17. 17. Bangladesh World’s Performance Target 1. Maternal Mortality Ratio (per 1. Maternal Mortality Ratio (per 100000 live births) decreased 100000 live births) decreased 143 Target 1 from 574 to 194. from 440 to 290. 2. Proportion of births attended by 2. Proportion of births attended by skilled personnel increased from skilled personnel increased from 50% 5% to 26.5%. 55% to 65%. 1. Contraceptive prevalence rate 1. Total demand for Contraception 72% increased from 39.7% to 61.7%. satisfied is 45% 2. Attendance care coverage (at leastTarget 2 one visit) increased from 27.5% to 2. Attendance care coverage (at least 71.2% one visit) increased from 64% to 100% 81% 3. Attendance care coverage (at least one visit) increased from 5.5% to 3. Attendance care coverage (at least 23.4% one visit) increased from 35% to 51% 100%
  18. 18. Bangladesh World’s Performance Target 1. HIV prevalence among 1. In 2009, 33.3 million people were Halting population increased from .005 living with the virus-a 27 percentTarget 1 to .1 increase over 1999. 2. 2. Proportion of population aged ------- 15-24 years with comprehensive 2. comprehensive correct knowledge correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS of HIV/AIDS in 2009 is 53% in 2009 is 17.7% 1. Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with 1. Coverage of antiretroviral therapy 100%Target 2 access to antiretroviral drugs is increased from 28% in 2008 to 47.7% in 2009 36% in 2009. 1. Prevalence of Malaria per 1. Globally, deaths from Malaria are 310.8 100000 population decreased down by an estimated 20% from 776.9 to 512.6Target 3 2. Prevalence of TB per 100000 2. Prevalence of TB per 100000 0.6 population decreased from 639 to population decreased from 142 to 79.4 137
  19. 19. Bangladesh World’s Performance Target 1. Integrated sustainableTarget 1 development into country policies and reverse the loss of environmental resources. 1.Proportion of land area covered by forest increased from 9% to 20% (densityTarget 2 19.33% >70% 2. CO2 emission , metric tons per 2. increased from 2.9 to 11.2 (2008, capita increased from 0.14 to 0.27 ------------ in developed countries) 1. Population using an improved 1. Still 2.6 billion people are 5%Target 3 drinking water source and deprived of improved form of sanitary facilities increased from sanitation. 78% & 39% to 86% & 62.3% respectively. Proportion of population living in 1. Proportion of population living inTarget 4 slums is 7.8% (in 2001) --------------- slums in urban area declined from 39% to 33% (from 1990 to 2010)
  20. 20. Bangladesh World’s Performance Target 1. Net ODA(official Development 1. Net aid disbursement amounted ------------- to US$128.7 billion in 2010Target 1 Assistance) received by Bangladesh increased from US$1240 million to 1. Net ODA received by Bangladesh, -------------Target 2 as percentage of OECD/DAC decreased from 5.7 to 0.0022 1. Proportion of bilateral ODA ofTarget 3 OECD/DAC donors that is united 100% (received by Bangladesh) increased from 82% to 100% 1. Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agriculturalTarget 4 products , textiles, and clothing from Bangladesh increased from 12% to 0- ------------------- 15% rage. (from 2005 to 2009)
  21. 21. Section 3: Role of TelecommunicationsSector in Fulfillment of Unattained MDGs
  22. 22. Hunger and Poverty Reduction Employment generation Primary school completion Decent wage employment for women Comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS Increase in Forest coverageInformation and Communication technology
  23. 23. Poverty ReductionVP Uddokta 83,000 35-40% People Under Poverty Line Working as FTE in TELCO
  24. 24. People Working in TELCOEmployment Impact Number of EmployeesMobile network operators 9380Fixed operator 1120Network equipment suppliers 13180Other suppliers of capital items 4450Handset distributors and retailers 10360Support services 3100Airtime and SIM distributors and retailers 39930CICs 950Total FTE 82460
  25. 25. Achieving Universal Primary Education EIS BBC JANALA A English Language School | ROBI GrameenPhone
  26. 26. Decent Wage Employment for WomenEqualOpportunity ProvidedTo the Women
  27. 27. HIV/AIDS Awareness Building AIDS Day Campaign and AIDS Awareness Program
  28. 28. Environmental Sustainability Tree Green Plantation Project Business Policy
  29. 29. Developing ICT46% 19.26%People Connected throughMobile Phone Internet Users
  30. 30. Projects Strengthening MDGsSafe Drinking Water FacilityROBI Blood Donation Program TeletalkSafe Motherhood & Infant Care ProjectROBI | GrameenPhone
  31. 31. Conclusion• Sixth 5 year Plan• SME• Extending the number of schools and trained teachers• Make the woman education free up to honors level• Increase public awareness regarding health hazards and vulnerable diseases like AIDS, Malaria etc.• Ensure sustainable development by ensuring proper steps regarding this issue.• Advancement in communication through public awareness

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