Plagiarism webeval

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Plagiarism webeval

  1. 1. Plagiarism Research Papers 2009-2010 Ms. Emili
  2. 2. Have you ever… <ul><li>Copied and pasted text from a website without quoting/citing the author? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Summarized” an author’s work by changing a word or two </li></ul>Then you've probably plagiarized!
  3. 3. Definition: <ul><li>Plagiarism is: the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work (dictionary.com) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Two types of plagiarism <ul><li>Intentional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copying a friend’s work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cutting and pasting blocks of text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media “borrowing” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unintentional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Careless paraphrasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quoting excessively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to use your own “voice” </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Excuses we’ve heard <ul><li>“ It’s ok if I don’t get caught!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Everyone does it!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I was too busy to write that paper!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ My teachers expect too much!” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Just don’t do it: reasons why <ul><li>Major consequences (grades) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easier to catch than you think! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are you actually learning? </li></ul><ul><li>Unethical </li></ul>
  7. 7. Possible School Consequences: <ul><li>“ 0” on the assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Parents notified </li></ul><ul><li>Damaged reputation </li></ul><ul><li>HS/college: possible suspension/expulsion </li></ul>Is it worth it?
  8. 8. How do I avoid plagiarism? <ul><li>Cite as you go </li></ul><ul><li>Careful note-taking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quoting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizing </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Keeping track of your sources <ul><li>Write down as much as you can BEFORE moving on to next source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title, author, publication city and year, web address, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Set up a labeling system: A1, A2, B1, B2 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Quoting <ul><li>Quotations: exact words of an author, copied word for word. MUST be cited </li></ul><ul><li>Use them when: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power of the author’s words to support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highlight eloquent passages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disagreeing with an argument </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DON’T quote when: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You could easily restate in your own words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be careful not to over-use </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Paraphrasing <ul><li>Rephrasing the words of an author, putting his/her thoughts in your own words </li></ul><ul><li>Rework the source’s words, phrases, sentence structures with YOUR OWN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing one or two words is NOT paraphrasing! </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Paraphrase when… <ul><li>You could easily restate information in your own words </li></ul><ul><li>You want to avoid overusing quotations </li></ul>
  13. 13. Summarizing <ul><li>Putting an author’s/several authors’ ideas into your own words </li></ul><ul><li>Significantly shorter than the original idea or quotation </li></ul>
  14. 14. Summarize when… <ul><li>Establishing background information or giving an overview of a topic </li></ul><ul><li>Giving the main ideas of one source </li></ul>
  15. 15. As you take notes: <ul><li>Use quotation marks for direct quotes or unique phrases and author’s name </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark quotes with a “Q” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase with the author’s name </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark paraphrased segments with a “P” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Include page numbers and source references so you can go back and check </li></ul>
  16. 16. DO NOT… <ul><li>Copy text word for word (from a book or copy and paste from online source) </li></ul><ul><li>Only change one or two words from original text </li></ul><ul><li>Switch back and forth between sources without indicating who the author/source is </li></ul>
  17. 17. do we have to cite everything?
  18. 18. NO! <ul><li>You DO NOT have to cite: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facts that are widely known </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ common knowledge” </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Examples of Common Knowledge <ul><li>There are 50 states in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 365 days in a year </li></ul><ul><li>The Titanic sunk after hitting an iceberg </li></ul><ul><li>John Adams was the second U.S. President </li></ul>
  20. 20. How can you tell? <ul><li>Majority of people know OR </li></ul><ul><li>Can easily find out from many sources </li></ul><ul><li>Easily “findable” in an encyclopedia, almanac, state website, dictionary, etc. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Remember: <ul><li>Your teacher knows your work! </li></ul><ul><li>Your teachers discuss student work with each other </li></ul><ul><li>Your teacher checks suspicious work against search engines and other student papers </li></ul><ul><li>We expect honesty from our students </li></ul>
  22. 22. Web Evaluation
  23. 23. First things first… <ul><li>Evaluating info is an essential part of research </li></ul><ul><li>Just because a site “looks good”… </li></ul><ul><li>Differences between print and Internet sources </li></ul><ul><li>Quality vs. quantity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all info is “good” info </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Print vs. online sources <ul><li>Who is the author? </li></ul><ul><li>Author’s qualifications? </li></ul><ul><li>Editing process </li></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul>
  25. 25. 5 Clues to help you… <ul><li>Take the time to do a little detective work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the 5 Clues to help you decide whether to accept or reject info </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Clue #1: URLs <ul><li>.com </li></ul><ul><li>.gov </li></ul><ul><li>.org </li></ul><ul><li>.edu </li></ul><ul><li>.net, or ~ is a PERSONAL webpage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Angelfire, Geocities, blogs </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Clue #2: Author <ul><li>Who are they? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are they associated with? Bias? </li></ul><ul><li>What are their CREDENTIALS? </li></ul><ul><li>If you can’t answer these questions, DON’T USE THIS SOURCE </li></ul><ul><li>Hint: check “About” page or Google them </li></ul>
  28. 28. Clue #3: Content <ul><li>Does the information SEEM accurate (based on what you know)? </li></ul><ul><li>Opinion or fact-based? </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling or grammatical errors? </li></ul><ul><li>Look and feel of the page/ads? </li></ul><ul><li>HINT: does the information match what you’ve found elsewhere? Verify! </li></ul>
  29. 29. Clue #4: Currency <ul><li>When was the page created? </li></ul><ul><li>When was it last updated? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you need time-sensitive info? </li></ul><ul><li>HINT: “Last updated” at bottom of page </li></ul>
  30. 30. Clue #5: Links and Sources <ul><li>Are there links to other sites? </li></ul><ul><li>Did the author cite their sources? </li></ul><ul><li>HINT: “more info” or “links” </li></ul>
  31. 31. A note on Wikipedia <ul><li>Who is the author? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No credentials needed- anyone can create/update a page </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When can I use Wikipedia??? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As a starting point, not a source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To explore a topic before deciding on it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use their “external links”: still need to evaluate!! </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. QUESTIONS??

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