Derechos humanos

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Derechos humanos

  1. 1. Human Rights César Simon Royo
  2. 2. Human rights are "rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled." Proponents of the concept usually assert that everyone is endowed with certain entitlements merely by reason of being human. Human rights are thus conceived in a universalist and egalitarian fashion. Such entitlements can exist as shared norms of actual human moralities, as justified moral norms or natural rights supported by strong reasons, or as legal rights either at a national level or within international law. However, there is no consensus as to the precise nature of what in particular should or should not be regarded as a human right in any of the preceding senses, and the abstract concept of human rights has been a subject of intense philosophical debate and criticism. What are "Human Rights"?
  3. 3. Ancient Greece In ancient Greece, developed the first elements of democracy both in the social, cultural, political and economic, in the first concepts that emerged on Democracy, Rights, and who were its protagonists. The old ideals of democracy are: Democracy: Defined as the people's government was based on political equality, social equality, and government of the people. Freedom: for the Greeks to be free is not a slave to anyone, this freedom was achieved on civil liberty and was reached at Avola imprisonment for debt, freedom law to protect citizens with habeas corpus, and political freedom with the right to obey the law. The law: its importance in the life of the Greeks which the teacher speaks Touchard: ''We all owe obedience because, among other reasons, every law is an invention and a gift from the gods at the same time a description of the wise man, the contract of a society that all its inhabitants must adapt their way of life'' . It should be noted that not all people in ancient Greece were considered citizens, was a privilege for those born and educated in the city-state. History of Human Rights
  4. 4. Middle Ages The conflicts generated by the war lead to a new era for the organization of power, based on ties of personal dependence of peasants or serfs to the lords, barons and kings, this situation was forming a new center of power in decision court, headed by the King, barons and peasants made up of subjects in the final where he defended the conflict between people was the King. With this concentration of power along with the conflict situation to the centuries lived England XI, XII and XIII led to propose a new relationship between people because this would believe the Constitution, Awarded by John Lackland and 17 July 1215 which reads: 'John, King of England by the grace of God, Sr. of Ireland, ... all health officials and loyal subjects. Know that before God, for the sake of our soul and our ancestors and successors, for the honor of God and the church saltation and organozacion best of our realm ..... '. Originating in England sought the authority of the King on behalf of freedom ie the privileges of the Church and the barons and cities associated with this new guarantee is required the King to not place taxes without the advice of the kingdom. The Charter opened the door for the development of the constitution and democracy. History of Human Rights
  5. 5. The main characteristics attributed to them are: Inherent: Because they are innate to all human beings without distinction, since it assumes we are born with them. Therefore, these rights do not depend on recognition by the State.     Universal: Because extends to all mankind in all times and places, so can not be invoked cultural, social or political excuse for their ignorance or partial implementation.     Absolutes: Because you can claim your respect either to any person or authority.     Inalienable: As indispensable, belonging inseparably to the very essence of human being can neither be separated from the person and, for those reasons, may not be transferred or waive them, under any title.     Inviolable: For any person or authority can legitimately act against them, except the just limits to be imposed in accordance with the requirements of the common good of society.     Of limitations: Because they are lost over time, regardless of whether it uses them or not.     Inseparable: they form an inseparable package of rights. Everyone should be exercised in its substance, having the same degree of importance Characteristics of human rights
  6. 6. Characteristics of human rights      Indivisible: Because there is no hierarchy among themselves, ie not allowed to put over each other, no less sacrifice a type of law to the detriment of another.     Irreversible: For all rights formally recognized as inherent in the human person is irrevocably integrated into the category of human rights, a category that in the future can not miss.     Progressives: Why, given the evolving nature of rights, in the history of mankind, it is possible that in the future to extend the category of human right to other rights in the past were not recognized as such or others who appear at the time are seen as necessary to human dignity and, therefore, inherent in every person.
  7. 7. Countries in favor and against Countries in favor: In all countries there are Human Rights, but some others do not respect the rights and sometimes are not mentioned as “countries with Human Rights” . Countries that do not respect human rights : In Latin America the first is Cuba, Venezuela and if you look after a little in Africa will find a lot, like in the Orient. In the U.S. there are states in which violations are committed and put muchs many barriers to entry and would not be considered as countries with human rights. Iran, China, Irak, China and some Central and South American countries do not respect Human Rights too.
  8. 8. Personal Opinion I think that human rights make us more freedom in some way and it ensures equality for all people. In other words, allows individuals be persons and must be met by all countries, although currently it is not of this form.

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