Social Informatics Lecture 2 Salzburg Selection


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  • Social Informatics Lecture 2 Salzburg Selection

    1. 1. Social Informatics Lecture 2 <ul><li>Ongoing Changes in Working Life (chapt 4) </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing Changes in the Home and Private Life (chapt 5) </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing Changes in Communities (chapt 6) </li></ul>
    2. 2. Accelerating Changes at Work in the Net Era <ul><li>Flexibility enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>- organization </li></ul><ul><li>- work </li></ul><ul><li>- leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of roles intensified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c itizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>private </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Networking emphasized </li></ul><ul><li>Uniformed work tools more widespread </li></ul><ul><li>Common work tasks due to global customers/clients </li></ul>
    3. 3. …each new loop (computer) is connected through the same yarn (network)
    4. 4. Network Organizations – New Communication Patterns <ul><li>Direct communication </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers between ideas and execution disappear </li></ul><ul><li>Power relocated </li></ul><ul><li>Openness – Borderless </li></ul><ul><li>Multidimensional virtual culture </li></ul><ul><li>Human competence is the currency </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate distribution of information </li></ul><ul><li>Network Management and Network Competency </li></ul>
    5. 5. Core Workforce in the Flexible Company is decreasing Core Workforce Part-time staff Self-employed (consultants) Temporary and agency employees Sub- contracted and outsourced workers
    6. 6. The Organizational Context of the Present and Future Age After Barnatt 1997 From international to unlimited (global and VR) From IT systems to Integrated Enterprise Architecture From Products to Services tied to products Geographic span Enterprise Product From multichannel to metachannel (VR and controlled reality environments) Knowledge media From employees to free agents (portfolio individuals) Member status From ingenuity to raw imagination (the value of ideas) Achievement focus Changes Aspects
    7. 7. Criticism: Too much Responsibility on the Individual <ul><li>The Individual in the Network Era: </li></ul><ul><li>- loses permanent employment </li></ul><ul><li>- has to develop own competence </li></ul><ul><li>- has to market herself / himself </li></ul><ul><li>- expected to take on “any” job </li></ul><ul><li>- expected to be creative - low compensation </li></ul><ul><li>- is a “unit” on a competitive market </li></ul><ul><li>The labour market in the Network Era: </li></ul><ul><li>- trend towards the 80/20 society? </li></ul>” A new Freedom and Strength?”
    8. 8. Challenges faced by the manufacturing industry A global demand for a revised “industrial system”, where speed is in absolute focus <ul><li>Global market </li></ul><ul><li>Shrinking margin costs and margin prices </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller “market windows”, demanding flexibility and short ramp-up </li></ul><ul><li>New offers to market, function instead of hardware only </li></ul><ul><li>New market-channels, based on instantaneous response </li></ul><ul><li>Developed concern for environment, necessary to follow each individual product </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual companies and networks </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated and simultaneous development of product and process </li></ul>ICT is a key tool in all these trends, leading to: the 3 rd step of ICT-integration Source: Jan Sjögren IVF
    9. 9. Home of the Future – Model Linda Bradley 2000
    10. 10. The Home as a Communication Sphere <ul><li>The home as the extended family center </li></ul><ul><li>The home as a care center </li></ul><ul><li>The home as a multimedia center </li></ul><ul><li>The home as a center for democratic dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>The home as a market place </li></ul><ul><li>The home as a learning center </li></ul>
    11. 11. Urban community - Young IT people in Stockholm <ul><li>The Professional Role </li></ul><ul><li>Strong social networks – confidence </li></ul><ul><li>The work gives a meaning to life </li></ul><ul><li>Work tasks are amusing and independent </li></ul><ul><li>Good health, family and friends important </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility – time and place </li></ul><ul><li>Own responsibility gives freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Important skills: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cope with stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain technical knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration skill </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Urban Community – Young IT people in Stockholm <ul><li>The Private Role </li></ul><ul><li>Social networks – work mates earlier friends </li></ul><ul><li>Always connected </li></ul><ul><li>Meals outside the home </li></ul><ul><li>Compact living </li></ul><ul><li>All want to start a family and become a parent </li></ul><ul><li>” Feel good” is the main goal – physical and psychological well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting duties/successful assignments come next </li></ul><ul><li>Perceive no hindrance to combine family and work </li></ul><ul><li>Not involved politically but voluntary non-profit organisations (50 %) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Urban Community – Young IT people in Stockholm <ul><li>Psychosocial Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Both positive and negative stress </li></ul><ul><li>Stress, fatigue and anxiousness ascribed to poor work environment </li></ul><ul><li>Pains in back and shoulders (50 %) </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping problems ascribed to work </li></ul><ul><li>Complete relaxation from work means physical activity demanding deep concentration </li></ul><ul><li>FUN! </li></ul>
    14. 14. Social trends related to the Future Home <ul><li>We will become increasingly global and at the same time local (glocal) </li></ul><ul><li>We will choose new housing environment </li></ul><ul><li>New forms of work – changed employment conditions </li></ul><ul><li>” Working from home” and ”homing from work” </li></ul><ul><li>Various phases in the life cycle – various life styles </li></ul><ul><li>” Flexible living” with mobile lifestyle – ”stable living” with traditional values </li></ul><ul><li>New models for office workplaces (SoHo) </li></ul><ul><li>New physical meeting places – parallell to virtual meeting places </li></ul><ul><li>Overflow of information and communication (stress) </li></ul><ul><li>Restitution of the nuclear family in the Nordic countries? </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen´s role empowered </li></ul><ul><li>ICT addictiveness in general – computer games! </li></ul>
    15. 15. The Allocation Issue remains and Actions are taken <ul><li>Allocation of </li></ul><ul><li>- work </li></ul><ul><li>- leisure time </li></ul><ul><li>- citizen services (paid and unpaid) </li></ul><ul><li>- production and reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Allocation between cities and rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Allocation of profit between </li></ul><ul><li>- sectors within a country </li></ul><ul><li>- various industrialized countries </li></ul><ul><li>- industrialized countries and the third world </li></ul><ul><li>From Analysis to Actions (Universal –Access, NGOs, WITFOR, WSIS) </li></ul>
    16. 16. Local Guru?
    17. 17. Grandmother´s Bakery
    18. 18. New Bakery - CIB Bakery 2004 <ul><li>Trust in the Future </li></ul><ul><li>Highest coverage of broadband among Swedish rural communities </li></ul><ul><li>Local internet service provider </li></ul><ul><li>Reclaim of commercial center from old days </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility from Stockholm, Germany, Greece etc </li></ul><ul><li>Attractive leisure industry </li></ul><ul><li>Extended school system </li></ul><ul><li>Planning of a center for Health and Food </li></ul>
    19. 19. Community Informatics - Networking!
    20. 20. The Growth of Community Informatics – Conferences, Research Programs and Networks <ul><li>Community Informatics Research Network (CIRN) </li></ul><ul><li>CIRN conference – Prato (close to Florence), Italy </li></ul><ul><li>CIRN – Development Informatics – Cape Town, South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>IADIS multi conference – sub conference ”Web Based Communities” </li></ul><ul><li>HCII Special program track on ”Online Communities and Social Computing” </li></ul><ul><li>SPIDER KTH – The Swedish Program for ICT in the Developing Regions </li></ul><ul><li>International Journal of Community Informatics? </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral seminars included in the conferences above </li></ul><ul><li>Move towards ICT4DC (Developing Countries) </li></ul><ul><li>See further pp 140-141 </li></ul><ul><li>New Discipline or Sub discipline? </li></ul>