Tetra Ppt 6604 Edited

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mahesh chandra
terrestrial trunked radio,trans european trunked radio tetra
presentation @ KITS warangal
29 Jan 2010

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Tetra Ppt 6604 Edited

  1. 1. 29 Jan 2010 ON Modern Communication Network-TETRA M. M A H E S H C H A N D R A, 0 9 0 1 6 T 6 6 0 4 M.TECH (DIGITAL COMMUNICATION), KAKATIYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY , WARANGAL. By
  2. 2. KEYWORDS <ul><li>PMR –PRIVATE MOBILE RADIO. </li></ul><ul><li>PAMR - PUBLIC ACCESS MOBILE RADIO. </li></ul><ul><li>DQPSK -DIFFERENTIAL QUARTERNARY PHASE SHIFT KEYING. </li></ul><ul><li>DMO -DIRECT MODE OPERATION . </li></ul><ul><li>TDMA -TIME DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS. </li></ul><ul><li>FDMA -FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS. </li></ul><ul><li>ETSI – EUROPEAN TELECOMMUNICATION STANDADS INSTITUTE . </li></ul>
  3. 3. I N D E X <ul><li>INTRODUCTION TO RADIO TRUNKING. </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA –INTRODUCTION. </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA FRAME STRUCTURE. </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA CALL TYPES . </li></ul><ul><li>DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GSM and TETRA SYSTEM . </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA SUMMARY </li></ul><ul><li>CONCLUSION. </li></ul>
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION TO RADIO TRUNKING Digital Radio Trunking Systems – TETRA <ul><li>What is Radio Trunking ? </li></ul><ul><li>Trunking stands for “sharing”. </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever resources are in short supply, they will have to be shared. </li></ul><ul><li>In Radio Communications Trunking System a fixed number radio frequencies are used and are shared by large number of remote/ mobile subscribers. </li></ul><ul><li>The frequency spectrum is a Scare resource. </li></ul><ul><li>This is commonly known as Radio Trunking System. </li></ul>
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION TO RADIO TRUNKING Digital Radio Trunking Systems – TETRA <ul><li>Advantage of Digital Trunking System over Analogue </li></ul><ul><li>Trunking System: </li></ul><ul><li>More reliable . </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible . </li></ul><ul><li>Low noise and Provides internet connectivity . </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages of Digital Trunking System over Analogue </li></ul><ul><li>Trunking System: </li></ul><ul><li>Only the low coverage range as compared with Analogue Trunking System. This can be overcome by more repeaters . </li></ul>
  6. 6. TETRA -INTRODUCTION <ul><li>What is TETRA </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA stands for “ Terrestrial Trunked Radio ” initially it is </li></ul><ul><li> called as “ Trans European Trunked Radio ”. </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA –New standard from ETSI for digital trunked radio system . </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA is the first truly open digital PMR standard. </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA standard contains high functionality for Emergency services. </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency Range: </li></ul><ul><li>380 - 400 MHz for public safety systems, </li></ul><ul><li>410 - 430 MHz & 870-876 MHz 915-921MHz for commercial applications </li></ul>
  7. 7. TETRA -INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Provides individual, group and direct mode communications between radios. </li></ul><ul><li>Packet data and fast data transfer services . </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Fast call set-up time (300 m sec) . </li></ul><ul><li>Security features & Encryption . </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA provides Voice and Data Services . </li></ul><ul><li>Video application in future TETRA-TEDS . </li></ul>
  8. 8. TETRA SPECIFICATIONS TABLE 1 P A R A M E T E R V A L U E Channel spacing 25K Hz Modulation π/4 DQPSK Modulation rate 36 kbps Bits per symbol 2 Voice coder rate ACELP (4.56 kbps ) Access format TDMA with 4 time slots/carrier User data rate 7.2 kbps per time slot Maximum data rate 28.8 kbps Protected data rate Up to 19.2 kbps
  9. 9. DATA RATES with DIFFERENT PROTECTION LEVELS Data Throughput (bits/sec) TABLE 2 NO. TIME SLOTS High Level Protection Medium Level Protection No Protection 1 2400 4800 7200 2 4800 9600 14400 3 7200 14400 21600 4 9600 19200 28800
  10. 10. TETRA FRAME STRUCTURE. <ul><li>Four time slot TDMA technology was adopted in TETRA . </li></ul><ul><li>One carrier with 25 KHz spacing provides 4 channels using TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) . </li></ul>FIG 1
  11. 11. TETRA FRAME STRUCTURE. TDMA Structure of the voice + data system 0 1 2 57 58 59 ... hyperframe 0 1 2 15 16 17 ... multiframe 0 1 2 3 0 time slot 509 frame 14.17 ms 56.67 ms 1.02 sec 61.2 sec CF Control Frame <ul><li>Speech calls use one channel . </li></ul><ul><li>Data calls can use up to 4 channels ( Data transfer rates up to </li></ul><ul><li>7.2 kbps per channel) . </li></ul>FIG 2
  12. 12. TETRA FRAME STRUCTURE. BIT RATE OF TETRA SYSTEM <ul><li>1 Time Slot =510 modulating bits duration=255 symbols </li></ul>14.167 msec . Bit duration =14.167 msec/510 Bit rate =1/bit duration Bit rate = 36000 bits/sec <ul><li>Digital modulation, π/4 - DQPSK at Modulation rate 36 kbps . </li></ul>FIG 3 1 2 3 4 508 509 510
  13. 13. TETRA –SPECTRUM EFFICIENCY COMPARISION WITH OTHER STANDARDS <ul><li>TETRA offers 32 communication channels and GSM offers 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Channels per 200 K Hz bandwidth . </li></ul>FIG 4
  14. 14. TETRA CALL TYPES <ul><li>TETRA call types </li></ul><ul><li>Private call (individual call) . </li></ul><ul><li>Phone call (PSTN or PABX call). </li></ul><ul><li>Group call . </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency call . </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast call . </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA Traffic case - Trunking options </li></ul><ul><li>Trunking options only apply to simplex calls . </li></ul><ul><li>Applies to private simplex calls and group calls . </li></ul><ul><li>Trunking type is controlled by the Base Station. </li></ul><ul><li>Message Trunking . </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission Trunking . </li></ul>
  15. 15. TETRA CALL TYPES Simplex calls <ul><ul><li>Mobile is either transmitting or receiving . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires operation of PTT switch (Push To Talk) . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk time is usually limited , typically one minute maximum. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group calls are always simplex . </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. TETRA CALL TYPES Duplex calls <ul><ul><li>Mobile is transmitting and receiving (like GSM phone call). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not require holding PTT to continue transmission . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone calls are usually but not always duplex . </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. TETRA CALL TYPES Private call <ul><li>Private call (individual call) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A call between two parties within the TETRA network . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplex or duplex. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. TETRA CALL TYPES Phone call <ul><li>Phone call (PSTN or PABX call) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A call between a TETRA user and a fixed or mobile phone. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call is set up via the TETRA network’s PSTN Gateway. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call is normally duplex, hook signalling. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. TETRA CALL TYPES- Group call <ul><li>Group call </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A call between more than two parties. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call is always simplex, direct set-up. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only possible if one or more groups have been attached. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. What about commercial digital networks? GSM / CDMA 2000 <ul><li>Public mobile networks do not fulfil all public safety requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>Public mobile networks are developed to meet the demands of consumers, which are very different from those of public safety organisations. </li></ul><ul><li>It cannot guarantee service during emergencies and disasters. </li></ul><ul><li>It cannot provide FAST call set-up time(<300 m sec). </li></ul><ul><li>It cannot provide special terminal functionality . </li></ul>
  21. 21. Difference between GSM and TETRA System T E T R A G S M <ul><li>Designed for professional mobile radio applications. </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for public cellular telephony. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on TDMA – Economy on frequency spectrum. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on FDMA and TDMA. </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable for emergency services due to very fast call set up time (<300 ms). </li></ul><ul><li>Not suitable for emergency services (Call set up time ~ a few seconds). </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain privacy and mutual security. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not maintain privacy and mutual security. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Mode Operation (DMO) is possible, which supports voice and data transmission without a Base Station between Radio Terminals. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Mode Operation(DMO) is not possible. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Divisions in INDIA using TETRA radio system <ul><li>The DELHI Metro project. </li></ul><ul><li>The HYDERABAD police . </li></ul><ul><li>The Delhi Airport. </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN Parliament. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Digital Radio Trunking Systems – TETRA Summary <ul><li>In order to tackle terrorism , all the user agencies of Govt. and Private Organizations need to upgrade and integrate their communication infrastructure for secure, faster & reliable communications. </li></ul><ul><li>This integrated network should be capable of providing unified command and control channels for voice, data and video applications in future. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Digital Radio Trunking Systems – TETRA Summary <ul><li>Disasters – both natural and man-made . </li></ul><ul><li>Major Incidents/ fires . </li></ul><ul><li>Incidents . </li></ul><ul><li>RTA (Road Traffic Accidents ) . </li></ul><ul><li>Routine policing . </li></ul>
  25. 25. Digital Radio Trunking Systems – TETRA Summary Four-channel TDMA gives excellent spectrum economy - 4 channels in one 25 kHz carrier . Trunking technology supports controlled use of shared networks . Three Carriers- 12 Channels FIRE POLICE MEDICAL FIG 5
  26. 26. CONCLUSION <ul><li>TETRA is emergent digital PMR technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics like consistent voice quality , greater call privacy , fast call set-up ,high speed data transfer and outstanding spectral efficiency etc .reflects the dominance of TETRA over other PMR and PAMR systems. </li></ul><ul><li>It is modern technology for police ,fire service ,military ,etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Future success of TETRA depends on network operators to deliver benefits of TETRA services cost effectively to end users. </li></ul>
  27. 27. REFERENCES <ul><li>Mikulic, M.; Modlic, B” General system architecture of TETRA network for public safety services ” ELMAR, 2008. 50th International Symposium Volume 1,  10-12 Sept. 2008 Page(s):207 - 210 . </li></ul><ul><li>Laakso Nokia,  ” Overview of TETRA and it’s services facilites   ”  Presentation on www.tetramou.com </li></ul>
  28. 28. THANK YOU

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