Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Non-Point Pollution & Urban Planing Measures


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Non-Point Pollution & Urban Planing Measures

  1. 1. Non Point Pollution & Urban Planning Measures Graduate Report-2013 Sustainable Environmental Planning (CE-636) Submitted By Malvika Jaishal (P12UP004) Faculty Adviser Dr. J. E. M. Macwan PG URBAN PLANNING Civil Engineering Department, M.Tech. (Planning), Semester-1
  2. 2. Contents • Introduction • Pollution • Non Point Pollution – Principal sources • Urban and suburban areas • Agricultural operations • Atmospheric inputs • Forestry and mining operations • Marinas and boating activities • Planning Measures For Pollution • Case Study : – Non-Point regulation in United States & India • Summary • References
  3. 3. Introduction This presentation attempts to give a brief summary on the cause of Non-Point Pollution and Urban Planning approach to counteract the pollution. It also give a short description on difference between Point and Non-Point Pollution. It includes a case study on Non-point regulation in United States & India.
  4. 4. Pollution Pollution is “something in the wrong place at the wrong time in the wrong quantity” -(Holdgate, 1979). Pollution classified as: • Point pollution • Non-point pollution
  5. 5. Non Point Pollution • Principal sources – Urban and suburban areas – Agricultural operations – Forestry and mining operations – Marines and boating activities
  6. 6. Planning Measures For Non-Point Pollution • Identification of NPS sensitive areas • Regulation of Land use • Impose conditional use permits • Provide Buffer zone • Built Retention ponds. • Use of porous pavement • Provide vegetation filter strips • Public Involvement & education • Operation & Maintenance
  7. 7. Source: USEPA-Missouri Stream Team Watershed Coalition
  8. 8. Source: “Vegetative Filter Strips for Non-point Control in Agriculture” ANR Publication Page no-3
  9. 9. Nonpoint Regulation -United States • The Clean Water Act (CWA) serves as the foundation for water quality regulation in the United States • In 1987-. Section 319 of the amended Act requires each state to develop and implement a management programme for nonpoint pollution. • CWA specifically states – “that return flows from irrigated agriculture and agricultural storm water discharges are not point sources.” • A significant portion of the financial support for these efforts comes from the federal government. • Federal funding for these programmes is currently approximately US $200 million per year
  10. 10. • States are employing a variety of methods to address nonpoint sources of pollution in a more coordinated way. – i.e. In 1969, the California Legislature passed the “Porter–Cologne Water Quality Control Act”. • Thus the United States faces significant challenges with regard to addressing nonpoint sources of pollution
  11. 11. Case Study : Non-Point regulation in India • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1974 (the Act) is the primary water quality management law in India. • The Act does not explicitly address nonpoint source pollution, but several of its provisions could be used to control pollution from nonpoint as well as point sources. • CPCB recognized in its 2000/01 annual report that nonpoint water pollution sources were becoming prominent • The Report concluded that “the only solution to diffuse sources of pollution is to integrate land use with water management” (CPCB, 2007)
  12. 12. Summary • In the absence of national initiatives, nonpoint pollution will remain a low priority at the central & state level in India. Unless and until industrial and municipal point sources of pollution are regulated effectively. • Specific standards should be released by Govt. to control the Non-point Pollution.
  13. 13. Refernces 1. Keith Loague and Dennis L Corwin (2005) “Point and NonPoint Source Pollution”.published in Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 2. Mark E.,Anthony & David (2006)“Vegetative FIlter Strips for Non-point Control in Agriculture,regents of university of California 8195,3-4. 3. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), "Nonpoint Source Pollution" published in. Washington D.C. (September 2007). 4. Priyanka Jamwal,Atul K. Mittal,(2002) “Point and non-point microbial source pollution: A case study of Delhi” published in Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 490-499. 5. Susan, Adam & Jessica (March 2011), “Regulating Nonpoint Source Water Pollution in a Federal Government: Four Case Studies”, published in Water Resources Development, Vol. 27, No. 1, 53– 69. 6. Yuhei Inamori , Nsoshi Fujimoto, “Non-Point Sources of Pollution” , published in Water Qualty abd standards-Vol II.