Education System


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Education System

  1. 1. The U.S.A. and Education
  2. 2. The yellow school bus!
  3. 3. Pledge of Allegiance <ul><li>Pledge of Allegiance recited and interpreted by John Wayne, an “American icon” </li></ul><ul><li>The original pledge was written in 1892 by Francis Bellamy, but words “under God” added in 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>It is mandatory to say pledge of allegiance in all public schools, saluting the flag with hand over heart </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary <ul><li>beacon: something that illuminates or inspires </li></ul><ul><li>wield: to command, manage or handle </li></ul><ul><li>profusion: abundance </li></ul><ul><li>forge: to form, produce, shape </li></ul><ul><li>hinder: to stop or prevent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DISCUSSION: What do you think of the Pledge of Allegiance? Do you think it is a good idea? How would you feel if they required something similar in Spain? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. General stages of school <ul><li>Pre-school- ages 3-5 </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary school (Primary school)- Kindergarten through 5 th grade, ages 5-10 </li></ul><ul><li>Middle school- 6 th through 8 th grade, ages 11-13 </li></ul><ul><li>High school (Secondary School)- 9 th through 12 th grade, ages 14-18: students take a wide variety of required subjects, including Math, Science, English, Social Sciences, Physical Education, Foreign Language, Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students don’t need to choose one specific area of study, but can choose “Electives,” which are classes geared towards specific subjects (another language, social science, art, music, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colleges/Universities- ages 18-22 </li></ul><ul><li>Masters, Law School, Business School, PhD (doctorate) </li></ul><ul><li>Private school—varies by age, grades offered, religious affiliation, college prep </li></ul><ul><li>Homeschooling (1.5 million children, about 3% of children) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Homeschooling Video http:// =2sPnUoEbL6E
  7. 7. <ul><li>Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socialization: stereotypes as “social misfits” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isolation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tests, college preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not exposed to peer pressure, bullying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More exposure to “real world” and not school environment </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Is socialization in school always a good thing?
  9. 9. Despite the evidence, many are still opposed to homeschooling
  10. 10. High School: The Senior Prom <ul><li>Formal dance at the end of the school year </li></ul><ul><li>Limousines, fancy dresses </li></ul><ul><li>Dangers: Underage drinking, drinking and driving </li></ul>Corsage & boutonniere
  11. 11. Colleges & Universities <ul><li>There are 4,352 colleges, universities, and junior colleges in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Range from public to private to religiously-affiliated </li></ul><ul><li>4-year programs to attain a bachelor’s degree </li></ul><ul><li>Community colleges for an Associate’s degree (2 years) </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009, a record high of 40% of 18-24 year olds were enrolled in college. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 8.9 percent of students ever receive postgraduate degrees, and most, after obtaining their bachelor's degree, go directly to work </li></ul>
  12. 12. Declaring a “major” <ul><li>Many Americans do not decide what they want to study until their first or second year in college (age 18 or 19) </li></ul><ul><li>In the U.S., having a certain major does not necessarily mean that is what your career will be. For example, you can get your degree in Biology, then go to law school to become a lawyer. Or you can get a degree in Political Science and then go to medical school and become a doctor, as long as you take the required courses. </li></ul>
  13. 13. University tuition costs <ul><li>Public four-year colleges charge, on average, $7,020 (5,000 Euros) per year in tuition and fees for students who live in their state. The average price for full-time out-of-state students at these institutions is $11,528 (8,000 Euros).  </li></ul><ul><li>Private four-year colleges charge, on average, $26,273 (19,000 Euros) per year in tuition and fees. (**doesn’t include housing, books, food, etc!**) </li></ul><ul><li>My university costs approximately $50,000 per year (36,000 Euros)= $200,000 (144,000 Euros) for four years!!! </li></ul>
  14. 14. How students pay <ul><li>The majority of students (70%) lack the financial resources to pay for college </li></ul><ul><li>Loans- Federal and private </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarships- need-based or merit-based </li></ul><ul><li>Many students graduate with a lot of debt, average of $24,000 (17,000 Euros) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Compare and Contrast with Spain <ul><li>Get into groups to discuss the differences and similarities between U.S. education and Spanish education. </li></ul><ul><li>Each group has to come up with 5 things that are similar and/or different in Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Groups can also give other interesting facts about Spanish education. </li></ul><ul><li>Present to the rest of the class. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Questions <ul><li>• Do you think that studying in a different country is </li></ul><ul><li>important? What are the benefits and/or downfalls? </li></ul><ul><li>• Do you think Spain has a good education system? Why </li></ul><ul><li>or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>• Do you think that religion should be affiliated with </li></ul><ul><li>education systems? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>• Do you think that getting a university degree is </li></ul><ul><li>important? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>• Do you think university should be free? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>If it was free, would there be implications to the quality of </li></ul><ul><li>education? </li></ul>