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University Futures, Library Futures: institutional and library directions in OhioLINK

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Keynote presentation at OhioLINK library directors meeting, 8 June 2018.

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University Futures, Library Futures: institutional and library directions in OhioLINK

  1. 1. OhioLINK Directors Meeting, State Library of Ohio • 8 June 2018 University Futures, Library Futures: Constance Malpas Strategic Intelligence Manager and Research Scientist, OCLC institutional and library directions in OhioLINK with thanks to Lorcan Dempsey and Rona Stein, PhD (OCLC)
  2. 2. University Futures, Library Futures University Futures, Library Futures • OCLC Research and Ithaka S+R collaboration with support from Andrew W. Mellon Foundation • Examining impact of increasing diversification of US higher education on the organization of academic libraries • Shift from collection-centric model of excellence to engagement-oriented model supporting distinctive needs of parent institution: teaching, learning, research workflows • More information: oc.lc/libfutures
  3. 3. Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/25/opinion/college-graduation-gap.html
  4. 4. Source: https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2018/03/the-third-education-revolution/556091/
  5. 5. Source: https://store.chronicle.com/products/the-adult-student-the- populations-colleges-and-the-nation-can-t-afford-to-ignore “ ”
  6. 6. Source: https://www.insidehighered.com/digital-learning/article/2018/05/30/universitys-closure-and-its-implications-online-learning-adult "It’s hard for something at such a small (and lovely) scale to compete with the Courseras of the world"
  7. 7. 23
  8. 8. University Futures, Library Futures • Can we move beyond Carnegie Classification to explore institutional differentiation in terms of universities’ investments and enrollment profiles? • Literature review • Institution typology and index • Is a shared view emerging of what an academic library should look like in different institution types? • Focus Groups • Survey Key questions
  9. 9. University Futures, Library Futures Institution Typology: working model • Population: 1506 US higher education institutions (HEI) comprising four-year public and private non-profit degree- granting colleges and universities • Unit of analysis: institution as defined by IPEDS unit ID • Institutional profiles derived from 2015 IPEDS survey data: • What colleges and universities do (research, liberal education, career preparation) • How/for whom they do it (traditional vs. ‘new traditional’)
  10. 10. University Futures, Library Futures Research Liberal EducationCareer distinctive focus on doctoral research and scholarship distinctive focus on interdisciplinary baccalaureate education distinctive focus on preparation for professions Most four-year institutions exhibit multiple tendencies; they have several ‘lines of business’
  11. 11. University Futures, Library Futures Research Liberal EducationCareer Average Institutional Directions for Selected Segments Top 100 Research Top 100 Liberal Education Top 100 Career
  12. 12. University Futures, Library Futures No reason to suppose that “ARL model” of library service is a good fit for institutions with distinctive liberal education or career focus
  13. 13. University Futures, Library Futures 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Modalities of Provision in US Higher Education (N=1506): Traditional v. New Traditional Enrollment Profile and Learning Exprience Institutional percent Traditional Institutional percent New Traditional 44% New Traditional 56% Traditional
  14. 14. OHIOLINK
  15. 15. Source: http://orweblog.oclc.org/the-powers-of-library-consortia-1-how-consortia-scale- capacity-learning-innovation-and-influence/
  16. 16. University Futures, Library Futures 48% 52% OhioLINK Institutions (N=121) Included in University Futures project population Excluded from University Futures project population Two-year e.g., Sinclair Community College Hocking College Marion Technical College Special focus Mount Carmel College of Nursing Cleveland Institute of Music Pontifical College Josephinum Out of scope for current project:
  17. 17. University Futures, Library Futures Research Liberal EducationCareer OhioLINK Institutions in UFLF Population (N=58) Antioch University - Midwest R:0.00 , LE:0.21, C:0.79 Case Western Reserve R: 0.53, LE:0.29, C:0.18 Kenyon College R: 0.00, LE: 1.00, C:0.00
  18. 18. University Futures, Library Futures Research Liberal Education Career
  19. 19. University Futures, Library Futures 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% OhioLINK (N=17) Traditional vs. New Traditional Enrollment Profile and Learning Environment Traditional New Traditional Optimized for high-touch, in-person engagement Optimized for just-in-time, convenience, online
  20. 20. • Convenience • Engagement vs. content • Partner in student and faculty success
  21. 21. • Support for digital research workflows • Reputation management (RIM) • “Inside-out” collections
  22. 22. • Consortial collections • Space as a service ($7.5M renovation) • Integration with exploratory, liberal education curriculum (e.g., Narrative Journalism program)
  23. 23. LIBRARY SERVICE DIRECTIONS
  24. 24. University Futures, Library Futures Focus Groups Library service directions supporting liberal education in diverse settings Research universities with a focus on broadening student participation and success Convenience sample organized alongside ALA- MW 2018 Shared library service directions in diverse range of consortia
  25. 25. University Futures, Library Futures Research Liberal EducationCareer • Library services • Library staffing • Library stakeholders Think about . . .
  26. 26. University Futures, Library Futures Research Liberal EducationCareer RDM activities RIM/CRIS implementation Text and data analysis services Research impact librarian Research data librarian Office of sponsored research VP for Research Instructional design services Open Educational Resources Fablab Student Success Librarian Teaching/Learning Librarian Dean of Undergrad Education Department chairs E-portfolios Training and internship resources First Year Experience Librarian Guided pathways support staff Career Services VP Enrollment
  27. 27. University Futures, Library Futures 10 63 28 Research Liberal EducationCareer IPEDS Institutional Directions (N=581) IPEDS institutional directions Survey sample is representative of overall project population parameters
  28. 28. University Futures, Library Futures 14 47 39 Research Liberal EducationCareer IPEDS vs. Perceived Institutional Directions (N=581) IPEDS institutional directions Perceived Institutional Directions Survey respondents perceive institutional directions to be more evenly balanced
  29. 29. University Futures, Library Futures Research Liberal EducationCareer OhioLINK IPEDS vs. Perceived Institutional Directions (N=17) IPEDS institutional directions Perceived institutional directions OhioLINK respondents perceive career-directed education to be a higher priority than reflected by institution typology
  30. 30. University Futures, Library Futures Research Liberal EducationCareer OhioLINK Institutional and Library Directions (N=18) Perceived institutional directions Perceived library directions OhioLINK directors report strong congruence between library directions and institutional directions
  31. 31. University Futures, Library Futures 0 5 10 15 20 25 Convene Campus Community Enable Academic Success Facilitate Information Access Foster Scholarship and Creation Support Off- campus Users Preserve and Promote Unique Collections Provide Study Space Showcase Scholarly Expertise Transform Scholarly Publishing PercentofTotalLibraryExpenditures Current and Optimal Library Expenditure on Key Service Areas (N=430) Today Optimally Ideally, the primary focus of library investment
  32. 32. University Futures, Library Futures 0 5 10 15 20 25 Convene Campus Community Enable Academic Success Facilitate Information Access Foster Scholarship and Creation Support Off- campus Users Preserve and Promote Unique Collections Provide Study Space Showcase Scholarly Expertise Transform Scholarly Publishing PercentofTotalLibraryExpenditures OhioLINK Current and Optimal Library Expenditure on Key Service Areas (N=13) Today Optimally Student success a higher priority for OhioLINK libraries? Special collections a lower priority than for population as a whole?
  33. 33. L. Dempsey and C. Malpas “Academic library futures in a diversified university system” in N. Gleason (Ed.) Higher Education in the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Palgrave, 2018) https://www.palgrave.com/us/book/9789811301933 L. Dempsey, D. Marcum, C. Malpas, R. Schonfeld and R. Stein University Futures, Library Futures Final report to be published by OCLC Research, ca. August, 2018
  34. 34. University Futures, Library Futures • Where are the key opportunities for shared services in OhioLINK, given (growing?) diversity of institutional directions • Scaling capacity: SearchOhio, depository network, last copies • Scaling influence: advocacy and brand management • Scaling innovation and organizational learning: Open Educational Resources • Thinking beyond ‘traditional’ models of library service excellence: • Which OhioLINK institutions are modeling best practice in support of New Traditional student demographics? • How to leverage peer networks within OhioLINK: shared institutional directions For discussion
  35. 35. Thanks for your attention. malpasc@oclc.org @ConstanceM (CC BY-NC 2.0)“Rockmill Sky” by Howard Jefferson https://www.flickr.com/photos/jdickert/339897561

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