My remarks are loosely organized around three themes:I will start with a few observations about the information environment in which libraries operate.Then I will examine some factors that transforming the organization of individual libraries. Academic libraries in particular. Finally, I’ll have something to say about the kind of cooperative infrastructure that is needed to support a positive reconfiguration and revalorization of the library service portfolio.
HT is not just a community, it’s a vast repository of digitized content.In the last three years, it has more than tripled in size. Its coverage exceeds that of most research libraries in the US. (~1.8M titles). Figure that’s about the size of Oslo’s collection (3.5 M volumes).
So why does HathiTrust matter so much to US libraries? It has a lot to do with how much they are spending on electronic resources. This slide shows the percentage of spending that the top US research libraries spend on licensed electronic materials compared to print resources.73%It’s a pretty staggering number. It amounts to more than $700M annually. (ARLs constitute less than 4% of the total US academic library community)As a consequence, libraries in the US are having to fundamentally rethink print preservation strategies. There just aren’t enough libraries left who can afford to assume the care and feeding of the print record individually. This is part of the reason that HathiTrust has taken up Shared Print management as a new area of work.73% spend more than 50% eOf the ~30 institutions that are still making significant annual investments in tangible formats, more than half are investing in HathiThe important thing, however, is that a significant number of those above the line – who are less likely to be contributing content to HT – are also participating as capital contributors In 2008-2009, US university research libraries spent >$700M on electronic resources
Recent research on faculty and librarian attitudes suggests that scholars are increasing comfortable operating in an environment where local print collections are no longer the center of library attention. In the US, great deal of attention to models for cooperative print management. And its in this context that the HathiTrust takes on an even greater importance.
What this shows is that US academic libraries have an opportunity – perhaps even an obligation – to rethink their service model in view of the massive migration of monographic content to the Web.A powerful demonstration of how the network reconfigures the library.This should also serve to remind us that cooperative infrastructure is the key to enabling libraries to achieve a renewal of their core value proposition.
Cooperation in the Digital Age: Building the Library Platform
Cooperation in the Digital Age: Building the Library Platform Constance Malpas OCLC Research Biblioteklederkonferansen 2011 Mo i Rana, Norway 1-2 November 2011
Mega-Regions of Europe ?http://www.creativeclass.com/whos_your_city/maps/#Mega-Regions_of_Europe
Os-Göte-hagen? Constructing a Nordic mega-region infrastructure for the emerging creative class * highly educated * entrepreneurial * supported by strong ICT and * logistics systems (and libraries?)http://www.nortrade.com/index?cmd=show_article&id=512
Data defines the networked information environment
The consumer platform . . . an addressable, self-improving knowledge-base 251 Norwegian authors [ +/-4 % ]
The consumer platform . . . maximizes reference-ability exposes ‘hooks’ for social interaction ?
The consumer platform . . . excels at aggregating and ‘sorting out’ demand My preferences My social network
Read. Review. Remember. + Remix + Bookmarklet Social reading ‘in the flow’ Ranas fjell og gruver
Social reading … in a crowded space? GoodReads BookSpace Kindle Findings #FridayReads etc.
The library platform . . . excels at ‘sorting out’ supply (29)
The library platform . . . excels at aggregating, enriching, structuring data ~150 years of publication history
Collections: Reconfigured Outside in: Books, journals, DVDs, … (Bought and licensed) Aim: to discover …Inside out:institutional assets: special collections, research and learningmaterials, institutional records, …Aim: to have discovered … (With thanks to Lorcan Dempsey)
Decreasing investment in local print collection, increasing reliance on licensed electronic Growing emphasis on Customer Relationship ManagementSource: Statistikk for arkiv, bibliotek og museum, 2009
Shift in demand – greater reliance on digital formats Demand for print has leveled off while inventory continues to growSource: Statistikk for arkiv, bibliotek og museum, 2009
Infrastructure (space & tools) for increased productivity Collections: inside-out Library value less about ‘commodity’ collections more about support for the research process: CRISTIN DUO/NORA
A look in the rear-view mirror . . . Ca. 2006 Collections Emphasis: Outside-In
What Changed? Priorities. http://www.forskningsradet.no/en/Newsarticle/High_scores_for_scientific_output_and_intern ational_citation/1224066961722
Norske doktorgrader etter fagområde 1980–2010 Humaniora Samfunnsvitenskap Matematikk og naturvitenskap Teknologi Medisin Landbruksvitenskap og veterinærmedisin 1,400 Increasing national research capacity 1,200 1,000 800 600 Increased reliance on performance and 400 publication indicators 200 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Derived from: Nedlastbare figurer og tabeller til Indikatorrapporten 2011 (Tabell A.1.7)
Growing the ‘Creative Class’: Norway’s next great natural resource? Norway
The next generation of Norwegian researchers . . . will require a new kind of HE environment Digital ResidentsSource: NSD Årsmelding, 2009
#danDigital library agenda is key to‘virtualization’ of research enterprise: it maximizes impact in the network
National information infrastructure in a global library platform = network effects 1.5M personal names + 15M personal names in VIAF ~250 in Norwegian authors in BIBSYS Wikipedia linked data set 450K* titles in NorBok ~250K digitized by NB.no + 16K Norwegian titles in HathiTrust 48K in Bokhylla*http://www.nb.no/bokhylla/om/om-bokhylla
New Cooperative Infrastructure Shared stewardship TRLN of digitized corpus 4 ~50% contribute content C C C CIC 13 C C C C Shared management C of legacy print UC 10 + 1 C C N =58October 2008 October 2010 October 2009 October 2011 N =34
“I’ve been in this business for decades, but this is one of the craziest things I’ve ever seen…” http://blog.authorsguild.org/20 11/10/06/authors-groups-from- u-k-canada-norway-and- sweden-join-authors-guild- australian-society-of-authors- and-quebec-writers-union-in- suit-against-hathitrust/http://www.nffo.no/storypg.aspx?zone=40&id=506
Growth of HathiTrust Digital Library 6,000,000 (Jun 2009 – Oct 2011) 18,000 NB. <50K Norwegian language speakers in US 15,605 16,000 5,000,000 5M 14,000 4,000,000 13,761 12,000 Norwegian ContentTitles / Editions 10,000 3,000,000 Library cooperation 8,000 2,000,000 made this possible 6,000 Networked information environment made it imperative 4,000 1,000,000 2,000 0 0 Mar-10 Mar-11 Sep-09 Oct-09 Sep-10 Oct-10 Sep-11 Oct-11 Aug-09 Aug-10 Aug-11 Jun-09 Jul-09 Nov-09 Jan-10 Feb-10 Apr-10 May-10 Jun-10 Jul-10 Nov-10 Jan-11 Feb-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Dec-09 Dec-10 Titles in HathiTrust Titles published in Norway Titles in Norwegian
100 90 Alberta% of Library Materials Spending on Electronic Resources Majority of research libraries shifting toward 80 70 e-centric acquisitions, service model 60 73% of university ARLs 50 Michigan 40 Princeton 30 Harvard Yale 20 Shrinking continues to shrink mission and resources This pool pool of Chicago U Illinois, libraries with 10 to sustain print preservation as ‘core’ operation – 25? 0 $- $5,000,000 $10,000,000 $15,000,000 $20,000,000 $25,000,000 $30,000,000 $35,000,000 $40,000,000 $45,000,000 Library Materials Expenditures (2008-2009): derived from ARL statistics
Source: Ithaka S+R Faculty Survey, 2009 If robust digital preservation and access system were available: “74% of respondents said that the withdrawal of print books would be an important strategy for their libraries in the future …A large majority of libraries (84%) said that they would be more likely to withdraw their [digitized and digitally preserved] print book collections if they could access print copies of books through a trusted sharing network.“ Source: Ithaka S+R Library Survey 2010
80% Duplication of ARL University Library Holdings in HathiTrust Digital Library 70% Jun-09 Jun-10 Jun-11 60% 50% [The network reconfigures the library]% of Titles Duplicated Median duplication in June 2011: 36% 40% 30% Median duplication in June 2010: 31% 20% 10% Median duplication in June 2009: 19% 0% 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Rank in ARL Investment Index (2007-2008)
A closing reflection. If libraries are to see themselves ‘on the map’ in the global network, in tomorrow’s knowledge base, We must build a cooperative platform together.
Takk for oppmerksomheten. . . . Spørsmål?@ConstanceMmalpasc@oclc.org