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Collection Directions: some reflections on the future of library stewardship


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Keynote presentation at Boston Library Consortium Annual Networking Day, Boston College, 3 June 2014

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Collection Directions: some reflections on the future of library stewardship

  1. 1. Some reflections on libraries and stewardship of the scholarly record Constance Malpas Program Officer, OCLC Research 3 June 2014, Boston College BLC Networking Day Collection Directions 1
  2. 2. Inside-out Outside-in
  3. 3. 3 Collection Directions: Academic Libraries
  4. 4. Low Stewardship High Stewardship In few collections In many collections Collections Grid Research & Learning Materials Open Web ResourcesPurchased Materials Licensed E-Resources Special Collections Local Digitization Licensed Purchased Outside-in Inside-out Dempsey & Childress, OCLC Research
  5. 5. Institutional Needs – Academic Libraries: Current situation vs. 5 years from now Low Stewardship High Stewardship In few collections In many collections Licensed Purchased Key Trends: • increased reliance on group provisioning of print and licensed content • more integration of freely available web-based content • special collections focus on institutional mission, reputation • growing attention to teaching/learning materials; limited library capacity
  6. 6. Institutional Needs – Research Libraries: Current situation vs. 5 years from now Low Stewardship High Stewardship In few collections In many collections Licensed Purchased Key Trends: • strategic realignment around purchasing/licensing ‘collections as services’ • redirection of investment toward reputation management, research support • emphasis on effective disclosure of distinctive assets: special collections, research data, expertise
  7. 7. A landscape in transition • Fragmentation in higher education sector (elite, convenience, ‘squeezed middle’) will drive changes in academic libraries – increased differentiation in portfolio of collections and services • Shared infrastructure enabling transition from local- to group-scale management of purchased and licensed content • Institutional capacity to redirect resources from commodity collections toward distinctive services will depend on availability of appropriate cooperative infrastructure 7
  8. 8. 8 Collective collection: print books
  9. 9. 9 31% 90% North American Print Book Landscape, January 2011 US libraries hold 90% of titles in North American print book collection
  10. 10. 10 North American Mega-regions 12 zones of highly integrated economic activity • Does distribution of library resource align with distribution of economic activity? • What are the implications for stewardship of North American print book collections?
  11. 11. 11 Relative size of regional print book collections (2011) 92% of North American print book collection concentrated in 12 mega-regions
  12. 12. 12 Inventory continues to grow in all regions Median +3% between 2011 and 2013 +4% growth in Bos-Wash
  13. 13. 13 • Largest mega-regional print book resource in North America • 27.9M print book titles; 56% of North American print book resource • 199.6M library holdings; 22% of North American print book inventory • Avg. 7 in-region library holdings per title • 75% of titles held by <5 libraries in region* • 33% of titles are unique to region* Bos-Wash print book collection (2013) *based on 2011 data
  14. 14. 14 Bos-Wash Coverage of other Regional Collections (2011) Bos-Wash regional resource duplicates 65-95% of print book titles in other regions …next largest regional collection can duplicate just 50% of Bos-Wash collection
  15. 15. 15 Bos-Wash Institutional Infrastructure (2011) • >4000 holding libraries • Top 5 libraries account for 15-34% of titles (each) Academic libraries account for >70% of regional inventory
  16. 16. Group-scale: Boston Library Consortium 16
  17. 17. 17 17 libraries Liberal arts colleges, professional schools, research institutions, state library . . . • all affiliates of FCLD print journal archive • many (all?) participating in Eastern Academic Scholars Trust Right scale for stewardship is…small consortium? Large, loose confederation?
  18. 18. 18 Largest print book collection in BLC is >100X greater than smallest collection
  19. 19. 19 Median BLC member ‘coverage’ of Bos-Wash collection is 2% ‘coverage requires cooperation’
  20. 20. 20 Median NERL member ‘coverage’ of Bos-Wash collection is 5% ‘coverage requires cooperation’
  21. 21. At every scale… 21 ChiPitts 58% SoCal 47% Charlanta 67% coverage requires collaboration regional coverage
  22. 22. >266M library holdings in WorldCat Shared Print Collections • Cooperative stewardship of aggregate print resource • Part of broader trend toward ‘group-scale’ library operations • >30 active shared print groups in North America • 9 major groups registering shared print holdings in WorldCat 22 Shared Print Titles in WorldCat April 2014
  23. 23. 23 Boston College Williams College U Mass Amherst Median duplication 23% as of May 2013
  24. 24. Stewardship of the Evolving Scholarly Record 24
  25. 25. 25 Format transition: Print-centric to digital, networked Boundaries blurring: Articles/monographs, but also research data, computer models, video, blogs, visualizations, conference posters & presentations, pre-prints, etc. Stakeholder roles reconfiguring: New paths for the scholarly communication ‘supply chain’ Scholarly record
  26. 26. Stewardship of the scholarly record 26 Create Fix Use Collect Factors impacting stewardship … • Increasing volume of content • Increasing diversity/complexity of content • Increasing distribution of custodial responsibility  ‘local copies’ of scholarly record are increasingly partial  discovery and management are increasingly fragmented  coherence of scholarly record is reduced
  27. 27. Questions for academic library consortia • Is available cooperative infrastructure adequate to support deeper collaboration around collections management, custodial care of scholarly record? • Do existing consortia represent the right mix of stakeholders for collaborative stewardship arrangements? • How can consortial efforts ‘scale up’ to meet system-wide stewardship needs? What mechanisms are needed to federate group-scale approaches? 27
  28. 28. Thanks for your attention. ©2014 OCLC. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Suggested attribution: “This work uses content from [presentation title] © OCLC, used under a Creative Commons Attribution license:” @ConstanceM 28