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The longest 19th century


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The longest 19th century

  1. 1. The Longest 19th Century By: Melissa Colwell History 141
  2. 2. The Americas in the 19th Century... <ul><li>-The U.S. fashioned a government and began to expand rapidly to the west after winning independence from Britain </li></ul><ul><li>-The U.S. was an unstable society composed of varied regions with diverse economic and social structures </li></ul><ul><li>-Differences over slavery and the rights of individual states as opposed to the federal government sparked a massive civil war in the 1860s </li></ul><ul><li>-This conflict resulted in the abolition of slavery... </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Americas in the 19th Century... <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-The Declaration of Independence had declared that &quot;all men are created equal,&quot;most states limited the vote to men of property </li></ul><ul><li>-Westward expansion generated tension between the U.S. and Mexico and numerous regions </li></ul><ul><li>-The election of Abraham Lincoln to presidency was the spark that ignited war between the states </li></ul><ul><li>-The victory of the northern states ended slavery in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>-Lincoln was convinced that slavery was immoral adn committed to free-soil territories w/out slavery </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Little Ice Age... <ul><li>-The little ice age was a period of cooling that occured after the medieval warm period (the medieval climate optimum) </li></ul><ul><li>-The periods in which this occured was between the years 1550 AD and 1850 AD </li></ul><ul><li>-Human populations are alarmingly vulnerable to small drops in temperature </li></ul><ul><li>-40million to 60million peasants inhabitated Europe and their numbers grew dramatically during the warm period </li></ul><ul><li>-Average life span was 35 years old and infant mortality was high with 50% dead before the age of 1 </li></ul><ul><li>-The little ice age ended the vikings explorations </li></ul><ul><li>-4000 vikings arrived in Greenland </li></ul><ul><li>-1000AD, vikings arrive and have grass for their livestock, cod for fishing, imported goods, and exports (walrus tusks, polar bear skins) </li></ul><ul><li>-they switched their dependence to sea creatures instead of lamb </li></ul><ul><li>-The viking became cut off from the outside world and eventually they starved </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Frontiers of America... <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana Purchase... </li></ul><ul><li>-was the acquisition by the U.S. of 828,800 sq miles of France's claim to the territory of Louisiana in 1803 </li></ul><ul><li>- The land purchased contained all of present day Arkansas, Iowa, Missouri, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, parts of Minnesota, most of N. Dakota, nearly all of S. Dakota, northeastern New Mexico, northern Texas, portions of Wyoming, Montana and Colorado east of the continental divide and Louisina west of the Mississippi River, including New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>-It was originally claimed by Spain but settled by France but then given back to Spain after the 7 year war </li></ul><ul><li>-Spain then sold it back to France in 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>-Jefferson initiated the purchase by sending Livingstonto Paris in 1801 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Frontiers of America... <ul><li>-Jefferson disliked the idea of purchasing Louisiana from France </li></ul><ul><li>-On April 10 1803 Napoleon told the treasury minister that he was considering selling the whole territory of Louisiana to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>-The Americans thought that Napoleon would withdraw the offer at anytime so they constructed the Louisiana Purchase Treaty on April 30 1803 and signed it </li></ul><ul><li>-The treaty was signed by Robert Livingston, James Monroe, Barbe' Marbois in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>-The treaty was announced to the American People on July 4 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 7. -Born February 12 1809 -16th President of the United States -Served as President from 1861 until his assassination in 1865 -Led the coutnry through the American Civil War -Ended slavery and promoted economical and financial modernization  -Emmancipation Proclamation was issued on September 22 1862 -He delivered the Gettysburg address at the dedication of the Soldier's National Cemetery in Gettysburg on Novemeber 19 1863 Crossroads Of Freedom... Abraham Lincoln
  8. 8. Crossroads of Freedom... Emancipation Proclamation <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-It is an executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>-It proclaimed the freedom of 3.1 of the nations 4 million slaves and immediatley freed 50,000 of them, with nearly the rest of them freed as union armies advanced </li></ul>
  9. 9. Crossroads of Freedom... Second Battle of Bull Run <ul><li>-Fought as part of the American Civil War August 28-30 1862 </li></ul><ul><li>-It was the culmination of an offensive campaign waged by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia against Union Maj. Gen John  Pope's Army of Virgina </li></ul><ul><li>-This battle was larger than the first Battle at Bull Run at the same location from the previous year. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  10. 10. Crossroads of Freedom... Antietam <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Fought on September 17 1862 near Sharpsburg Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>-This was the first major battle to take place in the American Civil War on Northern soil </li></ul><ul><li>-Bloodiest single day in battle in American History with about 23,000 casualties </li></ul><ul><li>-Led by Confederate General Robert E Lee and Union Army Major General George B McClellan </li></ul>