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Modern latin america


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Modern latin america

  1. 1. Modern Latin  America Melissa Colwell History 141
  2. 2. Latin America's Wars of the 19th Century <ul><li>Race War </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-1791-1803, The Haitian war for Independence began as a struggle between the privileged white planters and the less privileged affranchis and rapidly became an all-out race war when the third largest racial element (pure blacks), dominated. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-In 1791 the affranchis sought liberties given to all citizens by the french revolution </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  3. 3.   <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>- Latin American wars for independence were an outgrowth of deep-seated political, economic, and social frustrations. </li></ul><ul><li>-Within colonial Latin America a class system existed which exalted the Europeans, gave lesser privileges to the American-born, pure blooded whites, and repressed all others. </li></ul><ul><li>-principal frusturation for criollos (ppl born of pure spanish blood), was the lack of political opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>-majority of political, military, and ecclesiatical appointments went to peninsulares (ppl born in Spain). </li></ul><ul><li>-Latin American wars for independence were fought primarily between 1791 and 1824   </li></ul><ul><li>- Not all wars for independence within Latin America were against the European Monarch </li></ul>
  4. 4.   <ul><li>Separation versus Union </li></ul><ul><li>- During the colonial era, many administrative entities within the Spanish colonial empire had been held together primarily through their loyalty to the king. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Liberal Jose Antonio Gamboa argued that Mexico's second most important problem (the Roman Catholic Church being the 1st) was the potential of national disintegration because of a lack of identity </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5.   <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  Boundary Disputes </li></ul><ul><li>- The poorly defined boundaries of the newly independent nations caused wars </li></ul><ul><li>-The Spanish king's inadequate knowledge of the geography transferred vast areas from one administrative entity to another in attempts to improve political, social, and economic control. </li></ul><ul><li>-Boundary wars began immediately after the wars of independence and continued throughout the 19th century </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Second World, Part III <ul><li>Chapter 15: The Umbilical Cord </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- The North American Free Trade Agreement meant to propel Mexico into the first world, but on January 1st 1994, the Zapatista National Liberation Army seized four southern municipalties and asassinated two top leaders of the PRI party </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 7.   <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- Mexico is drifting away from the dependency on one commodity </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-The public investment of the schools and hospitals is a mere after thought </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Mexicans have been protesting on high food prices for simple foods such as tortillas and beans </li></ul>
  8. 8.   <ul><li>-Mexican immigrants become a double edged sword for the United States, they take the jobs that they don't want and work harder for longer hours, not to mention do it for a cheaper labor cost. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Strain underfunded education and health systems </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  9. 9.   <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Mexicos primary soure of income is the $16 billion dollars in revenue from all the 50 </li></ul><ul><li>states in the US. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-In 2006 Oaxaca sufferend months of brutal conflict that involved gangs, police squads, and indigenous activists, that destroyed the tourism industry </li></ul>
  10. 10. Online Sources: Celebrities <ul><li>- Ariadna Thalía Sodi Miranda (born August 26, 1971), known simply as Thalía (Spanish pronunciation: [taˈli.a]), is a Mexican singer and actress. She has sold over 40 million albums worldwide.She has sung in Spanish, English, French, Portuguese </li></ul><ul><li>-Born in Mexico City, Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>- She is the daughter of Ernesto Sodi Pallares, a scientist, doctor of pathology, criminologist and writer, and Yolanda Miranda Mange, a painter and Thalía's manager from 1980 to 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>-She was a good student throughout her school years and studied at the prestigious Lycée Franco-Mexicain whose French-Spanish curriculum made her bilingual at an early age </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 11.   <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Ronaldo de Assis Moreira (born 21 March 1980 in Porto Alegre), commonly known as Ronaldinho  or Ronaldinho Gaúcho, is a Brazilian footballer who plays for Flamengo and the Brazilian national team as an attacking midfielder or forward. He is a two-time winner of the FIFA World Player of the Year, awarded to the best player over the year. He won the award in both 2004 and 2005 . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-He was also named in the FIFA 100, a list of the greatest footballers compiled by fellow countryman Pelé, and in the FIFPro World XI consecutively from 2004–2007 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>- He became a Spanish citizen in January 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>-Ronaldinho was born in the city of Porto Alegre, the state capital of Rio Grande do Sul </li></ul>