SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 15
Al-Najah National university
Faculty of Graduate Studies
  Name: Malik Manasrah.
 Supervisor: Dr. Mahmoud
         kresheh.
• What is narcolepsy?

• How is narcolepsy diagnosed?

• The causes of narcolepsy

• The epidemiology of narcolepsy

• Narcolepsy’s symptoms

• Narcolepsy's treatments

• Some risk factors of being narcoleptic
What is narcolepsy?
• Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that causes drowsiness
  and frequent nap attacks during the day.
• It is NOT related to depression, seizure disorders, fainting, or
  simple lack of sleep.
• The name narcolepsy comes from the French word
  narcolepsie, which is a combination of the Greek word narkē
  (“numbness”) and leptos (“seizure”).
Risk factor

•Family history

•Head trauma

•Infections, or drugs, that
affect the brain

•Anesthesia
What can cause narcolepsy?
• Narcolepsy is NOT a mental
  illness. It is a nervous system
  disorder.
• Evidence suggests that narcolepsy
  may run in families.
• Scientists believe that narcolepsy
  is caused by a decrease in the
  amount of hypocretin.
• Hypocretin, also known as orexin,
  is involved in controlling appetite
  and sleep patterns.
What is the major symptom?
         • The major symptom is excessive
           daytime sleepiness.
         • Sleep attacks occur with little warning
           and may often occur at inappropriate
           times and paces.
         • These naps are physically irresistible
           and take place several times per day,
           usually lasting for about 15 minutes
           each (can be longer).
What are the other symptoms?
Cataplexy
• The person suddenly loses
  muscle function while
  awake and cannot move.
• It can be a result of strong
  emotions, such as laughter
  or anger.                      Sleep paralysis
• The attacks can last from a    • The person temporarily
  few seconds to several            loses the ability to talk or
  minutes.                          move when he or she wakes
                                    up or first becomes drowsy.
Automatic behavior
                                  • A person continues to
                                    function, such as talking and
                                    putting objects in different
                                    places, during sleep, but he
                                    or she does not recall doing
                                    such activities after
Hypnagogic hallucinations           awakening.
• These are vivid, dreamlike
  experiences that take place
  when a person is sleeping,
  falling asleep, or awakening.
• The hallucinations involve
  seeing or hearing.
How many people are diagnosed
      with narcolepsy?
• Experts estimate that around
  3 million people worldwide
  have narcolepsy.
• In the United States, it is
  estimated that there are
  around 200,000 people
  affected by the disorder, but
  not even a quarter of them      • The usual onset of
  are diagnosed.                    narcolepsy is in
• The prevalence is about 1 per     adolescence and young
  2,000 people.                     adulthood.
How does one get diagnosed with
           narcolepsy?
• Two tests are commonly used to diagnose nacolepsy.
• One is the polysomnogram, which involves continuous
  recording of brain waves and nerve and muscle functions
  during sleep at night.
• Another is the multiple sleep latency test, or MSLT, which
  involves observations made of the time taken for a person to
  reach the different stages of sleep.
How does one get
   treated?
• There is no known cure for narcolepsy.
  There are only ways to control the
  symptoms.
• Modafinil, a stimulant drug, is a popular
  medicine for treating narcolepsy because it
  is less likely to be abused than other
  stimulants.
• Antidepressant drugs can reduce
  cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and
  hallucinations.
• Some patients also take sodium oxybate at
  night.
What are some lifestyle adjustments
that can help cope with narcolepsy?

• Eating light meals during the day
• Avoiding heavy meals before
  important events
• Napping after meals
• Planning naps ahead
• Informing teachers and
  employers about the disorder
What are some possible complications
             in daily life?
• May endanger life if sleep attacks occur while driving,
  operating machinery, etc.
• Impairment of functioning at work
• Impairment of social activities
• Side effects of medicines used to treat the disorder
Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy

More Related Content

What's hot

What's hot (20)

EPILEPSY
EPILEPSYEPILEPSY
EPILEPSY
 
Complex partial seizures
Complex partial seizuresComplex partial seizures
Complex partial seizures
 
Alcohol withdrawal management
Alcohol withdrawal managementAlcohol withdrawal management
Alcohol withdrawal management
 
Epilepsy
Epilepsy Epilepsy
Epilepsy
 
Types of Anxiety disorders and treatment
Types of Anxiety disorders and treatmentTypes of Anxiety disorders and treatment
Types of Anxiety disorders and treatment
 
NARCOLEPSY new.pptx
NARCOLEPSY new.pptxNARCOLEPSY new.pptx
NARCOLEPSY new.pptx
 
Sleep disorders
Sleep disordersSleep disorders
Sleep disorders
 
Dementia : Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Dementia : Symptoms, Causes and TreatmentDementia : Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Dementia : Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
 
Sleep disorder
Sleep disorderSleep disorder
Sleep disorder
 
Sleep disorder
Sleep disorderSleep disorder
Sleep disorder
 
Epilepsy
EpilepsyEpilepsy
Epilepsy
 
Insomnia
InsomniaInsomnia
Insomnia
 
Sleep disorders
Sleep disordersSleep disorders
Sleep disorders
 
Parasomnia
ParasomniaParasomnia
Parasomnia
 
Parkinsonism
ParkinsonismParkinsonism
Parkinsonism
 
Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
Alcohol Withdrawal SyndromeAlcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
 
Sleep disorders and psychiatry
Sleep disorders and psychiatrySleep disorders and psychiatry
Sleep disorders and psychiatry
 
Sleep Disorders
Sleep DisordersSleep Disorders
Sleep Disorders
 
Dementia
DementiaDementia
Dementia
 
Peripheral Neuropathy
Peripheral NeuropathyPeripheral Neuropathy
Peripheral Neuropathy
 

Viewers also liked

Narcolepsy[1]
Narcolepsy[1]Narcolepsy[1]
Narcolepsy[1]
liistro
 
Narcolepsy
NarcolepsyNarcolepsy
Narcolepsy
jian2070
 
Narcolepsy Project
Narcolepsy ProjectNarcolepsy Project
Narcolepsy Project
jian2070
 
Narcolepsy assignment by daniel babic
Narcolepsy assignment by daniel babicNarcolepsy assignment by daniel babic
Narcolepsy assignment by daniel babic
Daniel Babic
 
Ldh marqueur biologique de la survenue de l'ulcère
Ldh marqueur biologique de la survenue de l'ulcèreLdh marqueur biologique de la survenue de l'ulcère
Ldh marqueur biologique de la survenue de l'ulcère
sfa_angeiologie
 
La news letter de janvier fevrier 2013
La news letter de janvier fevrier 2013La news letter de janvier fevrier 2013
La news letter de janvier fevrier 2013
sfa_angeiologie
 
La news letter_-k-__kaya_juillet_2011
La news letter_-k-__kaya_juillet_2011La news letter_-k-__kaya_juillet_2011
La news letter_-k-__kaya_juillet_2011
sfa_angeiologie
 
Peut on traiter les ulcères de jambes en afrique
Peut on traiter les ulcères de jambes en afriquePeut on traiter les ulcères de jambes en afrique
Peut on traiter les ulcères de jambes en afrique
sfa_angeiologie
 
Sdv 0405 design-pattern_thc_jps_skript
Sdv 0405 design-pattern_thc_jps_skriptSdv 0405 design-pattern_thc_jps_skript
Sdv 0405 design-pattern_thc_jps_skript
Tomasz Waszczyk
 
Pro gramme smmv 18 04-13
Pro gramme smmv 18 04-13Pro gramme smmv 18 04-13
Pro gramme smmv 18 04-13
sfa_angeiologie
 
Invitation smmv dr cazaubon
Invitation smmv dr cazaubonInvitation smmv dr cazaubon
Invitation smmv dr cazaubon
sfa_angeiologie
 
Vene Varicose : teoria ascendente o discendente ?
Vene Varicose : teoria ascendente o discendente ? Vene Varicose : teoria ascendente o discendente ?
Vene Varicose : teoria ascendente o discendente ?
Stefano Ermini
 
Reseau francophone vasculaire v arfi
Reseau francophone vasculaire  v arfiReseau francophone vasculaire  v arfi
Reseau francophone vasculaire v arfi
sfa_angeiologie
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Narcolepsy Powerpoint
Narcolepsy PowerpointNarcolepsy Powerpoint
Narcolepsy Powerpoint
 
Narcolepsy
NarcolepsyNarcolepsy
Narcolepsy
 
Narcolepsy[1]
Narcolepsy[1]Narcolepsy[1]
Narcolepsy[1]
 
Narcolepsy symptoms and treatment
Narcolepsy symptoms and treatmentNarcolepsy symptoms and treatment
Narcolepsy symptoms and treatment
 
Narcolepsy
NarcolepsyNarcolepsy
Narcolepsy
 
Narcolepsy
NarcolepsyNarcolepsy
Narcolepsy
 
Narcolepsy Project
Narcolepsy ProjectNarcolepsy Project
Narcolepsy Project
 
Narcolepsy assignment by daniel babic
Narcolepsy assignment by daniel babicNarcolepsy assignment by daniel babic
Narcolepsy assignment by daniel babic
 
Ldh marqueur biologique de la survenue de l'ulcère
Ldh marqueur biologique de la survenue de l'ulcèreLdh marqueur biologique de la survenue de l'ulcère
Ldh marqueur biologique de la survenue de l'ulcère
 
La news letter de janvier fevrier 2013
La news letter de janvier fevrier 2013La news letter de janvier fevrier 2013
La news letter de janvier fevrier 2013
 
Cotonou cardiologie.jpg
Cotonou cardiologie.jpgCotonou cardiologie.jpg
Cotonou cardiologie.jpg
 
La news letter_-k-__kaya_juillet_2011
La news letter_-k-__kaya_juillet_2011La news letter_-k-__kaya_juillet_2011
La news letter_-k-__kaya_juillet_2011
 
Peut on traiter les ulcères de jambes en afrique
Peut on traiter les ulcères de jambes en afriquePeut on traiter les ulcères de jambes en afrique
Peut on traiter les ulcères de jambes en afrique
 
Sdv 0405 design-pattern_thc_jps_skript
Sdv 0405 design-pattern_thc_jps_skriptSdv 0405 design-pattern_thc_jps_skript
Sdv 0405 design-pattern_thc_jps_skript
 
Gt 3
Gt  3Gt  3
Gt 3
 
Pro gramme smmv 18 04-13
Pro gramme smmv 18 04-13Pro gramme smmv 18 04-13
Pro gramme smmv 18 04-13
 
Invitation smmv dr cazaubon
Invitation smmv dr cazaubonInvitation smmv dr cazaubon
Invitation smmv dr cazaubon
 
Vene Varicose : teoria ascendente o discendente ?
Vene Varicose : teoria ascendente o discendente ? Vene Varicose : teoria ascendente o discendente ?
Vene Varicose : teoria ascendente o discendente ?
 
Reseau francophone vasculaire v arfi
Reseau francophone vasculaire  v arfiReseau francophone vasculaire  v arfi
Reseau francophone vasculaire v arfi
 
Low purine diet By Aneek Gupta
Low purine diet By Aneek GuptaLow purine diet By Aneek Gupta
Low purine diet By Aneek Gupta
 

Similar to Narcolepsy

Psych insomnia powerpoint
Psych   insomnia powerpointPsych   insomnia powerpoint
Psych insomnia powerpoint
Robbiedando
 
Epilepsy in children english
Epilepsy  in children   englishEpilepsy  in children   english
Epilepsy in children english
MY STUDENT SUPPORT SYSTEM .
 

Similar to Narcolepsy (20)

Sleep in psychology
Sleep in psychology Sleep in psychology
Sleep in psychology
 
Sleep in psychology
Sleep in psychology Sleep in psychology
Sleep in psychology
 
Sleep paralysis
Sleep paralysis Sleep paralysis
Sleep paralysis
 
Sleep disorders
Sleep disordersSleep disorders
Sleep disorders
 
Neurological Disorder in children13.03.pptx
Neurological Disorder in children13.03.pptxNeurological Disorder in children13.03.pptx
Neurological Disorder in children13.03.pptx
 
Sleep hygiene3
Sleep hygiene3Sleep hygiene3
Sleep hygiene3
 
Sleep Paralysis
Sleep ParalysisSleep Paralysis
Sleep Paralysis
 
WHY DO PEOPLE TALK IN THEIR SLEEP.pptx
WHY DO PEOPLE TALK IN THEIR SLEEP.pptxWHY DO PEOPLE TALK IN THEIR SLEEP.pptx
WHY DO PEOPLE TALK IN THEIR SLEEP.pptx
 
Narcolepsy day updated
Narcolepsy day updatedNarcolepsy day updated
Narcolepsy day updated
 
Psych insomnia powerpoint
Psych   insomnia powerpointPsych   insomnia powerpoint
Psych insomnia powerpoint
 
INSOMNIA & SLEEP MEDICINE - by DR K. DELE
INSOMNIA & SLEEP MEDICINE - by DR K. DELEINSOMNIA & SLEEP MEDICINE - by DR K. DELE
INSOMNIA & SLEEP MEDICINE - by DR K. DELE
 
Sleep disorder keerthana
Sleep disorder keerthanaSleep disorder keerthana
Sleep disorder keerthana
 
Sleep and sleep disorder
Sleep and sleep disorderSleep and sleep disorder
Sleep and sleep disorder
 
Sleep disorder
Sleep disorderSleep disorder
Sleep disorder
 
SLEEP & REST
SLEEP & RESTSLEEP & REST
SLEEP & REST
 
Rest and sleep snsr Ms Rekha kumari
Rest and sleep snsr Ms Rekha kumariRest and sleep snsr Ms Rekha kumari
Rest and sleep snsr Ms Rekha kumari
 
Disorders of consciousness.pptx
Disorders of consciousness.pptxDisorders of consciousness.pptx
Disorders of consciousness.pptx
 
Sleep & rest
Sleep & restSleep & rest
Sleep & rest
 
Epilepsy in children english
Epilepsy  in children   englishEpilepsy  in children   english
Epilepsy in children english
 
States of consciousness
States of consciousnessStates of consciousness
States of consciousness
 

More from مالك مناصرة (6)

Seminar paper malik
Seminar paper malikSeminar paper malik
Seminar paper malik
 
Community assessment-form
Community assessment-formCommunity assessment-form
Community assessment-form
 
Seminar malik
Seminar malikSeminar malik
Seminar malik
 
Malman
MalmanMalman
Malman
 
Scoliosis
ScoliosisScoliosis
Scoliosis
 
Role of cmhn
Role of cmhnRole of cmhn
Role of cmhn
 

Recently uploaded

Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptxSonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
palsonia139
 
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
DR SETH JOTHAM
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptxIs Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
 
Overview on the Automatic pill identifier
Overview on the Automatic pill identifierOverview on the Automatic pill identifier
Overview on the Automatic pill identifier
 
A thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptx
A thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptxA thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptx
A thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptx
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 2, Extracorporeal Blood Circuit - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 2, Extracorporeal Blood Circuit - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 2, Extracorporeal Blood Circuit - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 2, Extracorporeal Blood Circuit - Dr.Gawad
 
Vaccines: A Powerful and Cost-Effective Tool Protecting Americans Against Dis...
Vaccines: A Powerful and Cost-Effective Tool Protecting Americans Against Dis...Vaccines: A Powerful and Cost-Effective Tool Protecting Americans Against Dis...
Vaccines: A Powerful and Cost-Effective Tool Protecting Americans Against Dis...
 
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
 
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in IndiaDR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
 
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELCONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
 
Factors Affecting child behavior in Pediatric Dentistry
Factors Affecting child behavior in Pediatric DentistryFactors Affecting child behavior in Pediatric Dentistry
Factors Affecting child behavior in Pediatric Dentistry
 
Cas 28578-16-7 PMK ethyl glycidate ( new PMK powder) best suppler
Cas 28578-16-7 PMK ethyl glycidate ( new PMK powder) best supplerCas 28578-16-7 PMK ethyl glycidate ( new PMK powder) best suppler
Cas 28578-16-7 PMK ethyl glycidate ( new PMK powder) best suppler
 
5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials
5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials
5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials
 
ROSE CASE SPINAL SBRT BY DR KANHU CHARAN PATRO
ROSE  CASE SPINAL SBRT BY DR KANHU CHARAN PATROROSE  CASE SPINAL SBRT BY DR KANHU CHARAN PATRO
ROSE CASE SPINAL SBRT BY DR KANHU CHARAN PATRO
 
Gallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالة
Gallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report  المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالةGallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report  المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالة
Gallbladder Double-Diverticular: A Case Report المرارة مزدوجة التج: تقرير حالة
 
DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON .pptx
DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON  .pptxDIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON  .pptx
DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON .pptx
 
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptxSonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
 
Creating Accessible Public Health Communications
Creating Accessible Public Health CommunicationsCreating Accessible Public Health Communications
Creating Accessible Public Health Communications
 
Cervical screening – taking care of your health flipchart (Vietnamese)
Cervical screening – taking care of your health flipchart (Vietnamese)Cervical screening – taking care of your health flipchart (Vietnamese)
Cervical screening – taking care of your health flipchart (Vietnamese)
 
Evidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapy
Evidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapyEvidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapy
Evidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapy
 
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
 
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
 

Narcolepsy

  • 1. Al-Najah National university Faculty of Graduate Studies Name: Malik Manasrah. Supervisor: Dr. Mahmoud kresheh.
  • 2. • What is narcolepsy? • How is narcolepsy diagnosed? • The causes of narcolepsy • The epidemiology of narcolepsy • Narcolepsy’s symptoms • Narcolepsy's treatments • Some risk factors of being narcoleptic
  • 3. What is narcolepsy? • Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that causes drowsiness and frequent nap attacks during the day. • It is NOT related to depression, seizure disorders, fainting, or simple lack of sleep. • The name narcolepsy comes from the French word narcolepsie, which is a combination of the Greek word narkē (“numbness”) and leptos (“seizure”).
  • 4. Risk factor •Family history •Head trauma •Infections, or drugs, that affect the brain •Anesthesia
  • 5. What can cause narcolepsy? • Narcolepsy is NOT a mental illness. It is a nervous system disorder. • Evidence suggests that narcolepsy may run in families. • Scientists believe that narcolepsy is caused by a decrease in the amount of hypocretin. • Hypocretin, also known as orexin, is involved in controlling appetite and sleep patterns.
  • 6. What is the major symptom? • The major symptom is excessive daytime sleepiness. • Sleep attacks occur with little warning and may often occur at inappropriate times and paces. • These naps are physically irresistible and take place several times per day, usually lasting for about 15 minutes each (can be longer).
  • 7. What are the other symptoms? Cataplexy • The person suddenly loses muscle function while awake and cannot move. • It can be a result of strong emotions, such as laughter or anger. Sleep paralysis • The attacks can last from a • The person temporarily few seconds to several loses the ability to talk or minutes. move when he or she wakes up or first becomes drowsy.
  • 8. Automatic behavior • A person continues to function, such as talking and putting objects in different places, during sleep, but he or she does not recall doing such activities after Hypnagogic hallucinations awakening. • These are vivid, dreamlike experiences that take place when a person is sleeping, falling asleep, or awakening. • The hallucinations involve seeing or hearing.
  • 9. How many people are diagnosed with narcolepsy? • Experts estimate that around 3 million people worldwide have narcolepsy. • In the United States, it is estimated that there are around 200,000 people affected by the disorder, but not even a quarter of them • The usual onset of are diagnosed. narcolepsy is in • The prevalence is about 1 per adolescence and young 2,000 people. adulthood.
  • 10. How does one get diagnosed with narcolepsy? • Two tests are commonly used to diagnose nacolepsy. • One is the polysomnogram, which involves continuous recording of brain waves and nerve and muscle functions during sleep at night. • Another is the multiple sleep latency test, or MSLT, which involves observations made of the time taken for a person to reach the different stages of sleep.
  • 11. How does one get treated? • There is no known cure for narcolepsy. There are only ways to control the symptoms. • Modafinil, a stimulant drug, is a popular medicine for treating narcolepsy because it is less likely to be abused than other stimulants. • Antidepressant drugs can reduce cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and hallucinations. • Some patients also take sodium oxybate at night.
  • 12. What are some lifestyle adjustments that can help cope with narcolepsy? • Eating light meals during the day • Avoiding heavy meals before important events • Napping after meals • Planning naps ahead • Informing teachers and employers about the disorder
  • 13. What are some possible complications in daily life? • May endanger life if sleep attacks occur while driving, operating machinery, etc. • Impairment of functioning at work • Impairment of social activities • Side effects of medicines used to treat the disorder