Narcissism theories

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Narcissism theories

  1. 1. Narcissism Theories by Mallory Gosiaco Spring 10
  2. 2. Narcissism defined <ul><li>Individual is infatuated with themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Obsesses over own achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Feel they are superior to everyone </li></ul><ul><li>Believe they are too unique for anyone to understand them </li></ul><ul><li>Lack empathy for others </li></ul><ul><li>Exploits others </li></ul>
  3. 3. Psychoanalytical Approach <ul><li>Freud recognized narcissism as normal stage of development </li></ul><ul><li>Found narcissists can be to a degree, perverse </li></ul>
  4. 4. Psychoanalytical Approach cont’d… <ul><li>Narcissism is the Id in overdrive </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize they have a lot to “talk through” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Trait Approach <ul><li>Low self-monitor </li></ul><ul><li>(Do not care what others think of you) </li></ul><ul><li>Arrogant behavior just a trait gone to the extreme </li></ul>
  6. 6. Biological Approach <ul><li>Genetics are to blame </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine ineffective, individuals resist administration </li></ul>
  7. 7. Behavioral Approach <ul><li>Patterns of unhealthy reactions to normal situations </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling threatened, in turn, individual overcompensates </li></ul>
  8. 8. Behavioral Approach cont’d… <ul><li>Therapy is a difficult process </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals tend to provoke their therapists </li></ul>
  9. 9. Humanistic Approach <ul><li>Narcissists react the way they do because throughout life they have been told they are not “allowed” to be who they are </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals mask damage which needs to be addressed </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cognitive Approach <ul><li>Withdrawal from reality, disregard for relationships which do not benefit them </li></ul><ul><li>Play mind games to make them feel better: others succeed because of luck; I failed because of external causes </li></ul>
  11. 11. References <ul><li>Fite, P., Greening, L., & Stoppelbein, L. (2008). Relation between parenting stress and psychopathic traits among children. Behavioral Sciences & the Law , 26 . </li></ul><ul><li>Lawson, R., Waller, G., Sines, J., & Meyer, C. (2008). Emotional awareness among </li></ul><ul><li>eating-disordered patients: the role of narcissistic traits. European Eating Disorders Review, 16. </li></ul><ul><li>Ha, C., Petersen, N., & Sharp, C. (2008). Narcissism, self-esteem, and conduct problems. </li></ul><ul><li>European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry , 17. </li></ul><ul><li>Aleksandrowicz, D. (2009). MASTERY, AGGRESSION AND NARCISSISM: </li></ul><ul><li>A contribution to psychoanalytic drive theory. Archives of Psychiatry & Psychotherapy , 11. </li></ul><ul><li>Mendoza, S. (2007). DIVERSITY AND PERVERSITY. British Journal of </li></ul><ul><li>Psychotherapy , 23. </li></ul><ul><li>Jonason, P., LI, N., WEBSTER, G., & SCHMITT, D. (2009). The dark triad: </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating a short-term mating strategy in men. European Journal of Personality , 23. </li></ul><ul><li>Brown, T., Sautter, J., Littvay, L., Sautter, A., & Bearnes, B. (2010). Ethics and </li></ul><ul><li>Personality: Empathy and Narcissism as Moderators of Ethical Decision Making in Business Students. Journal of Education for Business , 85. </li></ul><ul><li>Zuckerman, M., & O'Loughlin, R. (2009). Narcissism and well-being: A longitudinal </li></ul><ul><li>perspective. European Journal of Social Psychology , 39. </li></ul><ul><li>Zeigler-Hill, V., Clark, C., & Pickard, J. (2008). Narcissistic Subtypes and Contingent </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Esteem: Do All Narcissists Base Their Self-Esteem on the Same Domains?. Journal of Personality , 76. </li></ul><ul><li>Miller, J., & Campbell, W. (2008). Comparing Clinical and Social-Personality </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptualizations of Narcissism. Journal of Personality , 76. </li></ul>

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