Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Pulses in the Mallee - Jason Brand, Vic Dept Ag

529 views

Published on

Pulses in the Mallee - Jason Brand, Vic Dept

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • Be the first to comment

Pulses in the Mallee - Jason Brand, Vic Dept Ag

  1. 1. 2015 Pulse Varieties and Agronomy Update - Mallee Jason Brand, Peter Kennedy, Matt Rodda, DEPI-Horsham Larn McMurray, SARDI – Clare Jeff Paull, Uni Adel Kristy Hobson, NSWDPI Mick Lines*, formerly SARDI - Clare
  2. 2. Why grow them? $ Economics $ 1t/ha lentils = $600/ha profit (2014)  Rotational Benefits  Nitrogen (10-25kg/ha per t biomass for free)  Disease break  Weed control  Important food source worldwide  Healthy alternative to meat  Cheap protein  Gluten free
  3. 3. Lentils New Greens (PBA Giant and PBA Greenfield)  Large and medium  Excellent vigour  No pod drop issues  Improved disease resistance PBA HurricaneXT  Tolerant to imazethapyr (same as PBAHeraldXT)  Vigour and agronomic improvements cf. Herald  High yields (>Nugget < Ace) PBA Ace PBA Bolt  Likely increased area sown… but will prices hold?  Herbicides – Residues  Be prepared Agronomy 2015 New Large red (PBA Jumbo2)  High yield  BGM and AB resistance New Varieties
  4. 4. Lentils Sowing Date at Curyo 2014 $500/ha
  5. 5. Novel Herbicide Tolerance in Lentil Sulfonyl Urea Residues at Curyo 2014 PBA HurricaneXT PBA Flash
  6. 6. Lentils Herbicide Tolerance at Curyo 2014 Herbicide Rate CIPAL1208 PBA Flash PBA HurricaneXT Nil x0 0.83 0.95 1.20 Imazethapyr x4 0.54 0.00 0.96 Imazapyr x4 0.62 0.00 0.50 x0.125 0.47 0.26 1.10 x0.25 0.42 0.00 1.29 x0.5 0.53 0.00 1.48 x1 0.32 0.00 1.18 x0.125 0.47 0.18 0.93 x0.25 0.48 0.00 1.25 x0.5 0.37 0.00 1.16 x1 0.06 0.00 0.78 x0.125 0.69 0.79 1.15 x0.25 0.80 0.70 1.16 x0.5 0.71 0.30 1.01 x1 0.31 0.22 1.16 x0.125 1.06 1.02 1.44 x0.25 0.81 0.59 1.22 x0.5 0.54 0.52 1.25 x1 0.10 0.07 1.16 x0.125 0.84 1.06 1.06 x0.25 0.76 0.67 1.18 x0.5 0.19 0.51 0.26 x1 0.00 0.00 0.00 Chlorsulfuron_res Chlorsulfuron_pspe Metsulfuron-methyl Triasulfuron Clopyralid Grain Yield (t/ha)
  7. 7. Lentils in the southern Mallee, 2011 Stubble research: The value of stubble 2011 – 36% 2012 – 38% 2013 – 58% Grain Yield Improvements in SA
  8. 8. Field Peas PBA Pearl  High yielding white (high quality) PBA Hayman  Long Season forage  Not for grain PBA Wharton  Early mid Kaspa type  Improved disease package – Powdery mildew and viruses PBA Coogee  M-L season conventional dun  For grain or forage  Forage Peas – Fit for your system?  Herbicides – Residues  Markets – Competitive with other pulses??? Agronomy 2015 New Varieties
  9. 9. Field Peas State NATIONAL NSW SA VIC WA Variety PBA Pearl 116 120 115 116 106 OZP1208 113 122 110 111 111 OZP1101 112 112 113 111 111 PBA Oura 109 117 107 109 103 PBA Wharton 108 113 105 113 105 PBA Percy 107 117 102 107 101 PBA Gunyah 106 109 103 104 109 Sturt 107 115 106 109 91 PBA Twilight 105 106 102 106 108 Yarrum 104 111 109 97 93 Morgan 100 100 100 104 Kaspa 100 100 100 100 100 PBA Coogee 97 110 94 103 77 Parafield 93 99 93 94 88 Maki 94 102 64 90 86 Excell 78 87 74 69 49 Kaspa (t/ha) 2.03 1.94 2.22 1.97 1.87
  10. 10. Field Peas Forage Trials – Options for Brown/Green Manure/Hay  Timing for hay cutting: 7-14 days after commencement of flowering (i.e. early pod development).  Varieties suited to hay production: PBA Hayman likely to be best option as it has later flowering and pod set which allows maximum vegetative growth prior to cutting, and extends hay cut timing into better (warmer and quicker) drying conditions.  PBA Coogee may not produce more biomass than Kaspa or Morgan at the early pod stage.  Vetch is potentially a better option for brown manuring if able to sow early,  But peas will produce more biomass when sown later.
  11. 11. Faba Bean  Markets – look good  Diseases – Chocolate Spot, Cercospera… Watch for Rust  Herbicides – Residues PBA Samira  High yielding >10% above Farah and PBA Rana (HRZ)  Improved disease resistance  Farah sized seed Agronomy 2015 AF5095-1 (2016?)  High yielding >10% above Farah and PBA Rana (HRZ)  Improved disease resistance  Larger seed size New Varieties
  12. 12. Faba Bean Curyo - Row Spacing 2014 72cm (28’) 36cm (14’) 18cm (7’)
  13. 13. Curyo 2014 Faba Bean $211/ha$303/ha 2013 = 2.8t/ha $970/ha
  14. 14. Faba Bean Brackling at Curyo 2013Frost at Curyo 2014Brackling at Curyo 2014
  15. 15. Chickpeas Genesis Kalkee  Kalbuli with larger seed size than Almaz and Kaniva  MS to ascochyta blight PBA Striker  Low to medium rainfall adaption PBA Maiden  Larger seed size for whole seed market PBA Monarch  Kalbuli with larger seed size than Genesis 090  Yields Similar to Genesis 090  MS to ascochyta blight  Continued drop in area sown…?  Stored soil moisture important  Kabuli v Desi?  Prices will rebound… but when? Agronomy 2015
  16. 16. Chickpeas Grain yield and Gross margins at Curyo 2014
  17. 17. Chickpeas Kabuli’s – Grain Size Distribution at Curyo 2014 LargerSeed Size Smaller
  18. 18. Acknowledgements Grains Research & Development Corporation (GRDC) for financial support in partnership with DEDJTRVic, SARDI and NSWDPI. Pathology Support – Jenny Davidson, Rohan Kimber, Kurt Lindbeck, Helen Richardson. Technical support – Jason Ellifson, Keisha Savage, Russel Argall (DEPI) Pulse Australia – Mary Raynes Commercial Partners – SeedNet and PBSeeds

×