Cloud computing for authoring process automation


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The paper explores the possibilities for automation of the authoring process in the Web 2.0 platform. The cloud computing strategy that incorporates various computer technologies is discussed from the point of view of the educators/authors. The authoring process as the sequence of actions that the authors perform utilizing applications and services in order to build a complete teaching/learning environment is examined and a model of the authoring process occurring in the cloud of Web 2.0 applications and services is developed. The created model is verified in the content authoring of the Computer Graphics course for students’ bachelor degree.

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Cloud computing for authoring process automation

  1. 1. Cloud computing for authoring process automation <br />MalinkaIvanova, Technical University - Sofia<br />George Ivanov, Mathematical School, Blagoevgrad<br />WCES 2010 , 04-08 February, Istanbul, Turkey<br />
  2. 2. Aim<br /> Exploring and analyzing the possibilities for automation of the authoring process in the Web 2.0 cloud and prototyping a model<br />
  3. 3. Outline<br />The concept of cloud computing in the educational sector<br />Present Web specification and Authoring 2.0<br />Automated authoring process in the Web 2.0 Cloud<br />Utilized Web 2.0 Applications for Authoring in Edu2.0 and beyond<br />Conclusion<br />
  4. 4. Cloud Computingincludes both the applications delivered as services over the Internet and the hardware and systems softwarein the data centres that provide those services<br />PaaS<br />SaaS<br />IaaS<br />Cloud Computing<br />
  5. 5. Cloud Computing in Higher Education<br />Advantages<br />Disadvantages<br />
  6. 6. Cloud Computing in Higher Education<br />It brings many benefits and innovative opportunities to<br />the authors of learning content: <br />
  7. 7. Authoring 2.0: <br />Aprocessofcontent creationinaninteractive<br />andcollaborativewayutilizingWeb 2.0<br />applications and services and their remixing<br />from various sources forbuildinga<br />learning/teaching environment<br />
  8. 8. Web Specification<br />Read/write web<br />From a static to a more dynamic, interactive, and social<br />Web applications - Wikis, Blogs, Forums, CMS - with friendly GUI, inviting educators to add content directly <br />From one information source where information is consumed to many sources that can be remixed<br />Educators and students are active content contributors<br />It is a cause for social interactions and discourses that are<br />bases for an iterative collaborative authoring process<br />
  9. 9. Web Specification<br />Networked web<br />An authoring process is more than an individual possess - the behaviour of an individual is affected by the kinds of relations and technical ties<br />Network effect benefits: the number of contributions grows, the quality of information on the website improves, the authoring process is transparent<br />A wide range of social networks are formed building <br />online communities of educators, researchers, students who<br />share and examine the common interests and/or activities <br />The networked web influences on the performance of authoring tasks of both educators and students<br />
  10. 10. Web Specification<br />Web personalization - a strategy that requires implicitly or explicitly collecting user information<br />Personalized Web<br />The implicit personalization – services utilize: presentation agents, tracking and profiling, notification<br />Personalization involves technologies to accommodate the differences between individuals<br />The explicit personalization - the web page is changed by the author using the features provided by the system<br />Personalization<br />technologies put the student<br />in the center of an interaction, <br />application or service ensuring<br />rich learning experiences across<br />activities, devices, services,<br />locations and networks <br />Hybrid personalization – implicit +explicit<br />The author can personalize (1) the content, (2) the services, (3) the student&apos;s interactions to enhance his/her experiences with applications and services<br />
  11. 11. Web Specification<br />Mashable web<br />MashUps – a combination<br />of separate, stand-alone technologies into a novel application or service<br />New authoring tools are developed that enable non-technical authors to create sophisticated products without programming<br />Educators develop custom mashupsto illustrate concepts as they teach<br />Students include them in artefacts, reports and assignments<br />The power of mashups for education lies in the way they help new conclusions reaching or new relationships discerning by uniting large amounts of data in a manageable way<br />
  12. 12. Web Specification<br />Visual web<br />Visualization - a mapping process from computer representations to perceptual representations, choosing encoding techniques to maximize human understanding and communication<br />The goal of an educator - to visualize phenomena or concepts for the student’s deeper understanding and thinking stimulation<br />Web 2.0 technologies propose dynamic visualization tools: visual search engines, timelines, tools for organization of personal notes, plans, ideas, simulations<br />Educators can present in an interactive visual way gathered and explored knowledge<br />
  13. 13. Web Specification<br />Semantic web<br />Semantic Web offers complicated well-developed logic based technologies for knowledge processing <br />Three views of the term semantic web: the vision, the program and the technology<br />The vision - an extension of the current Web in which information is given well-defined meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation (Matthews, 2005) <br />Several applications of which authors can take advantage: from web browsing to research, blogging, and collaboration<br />
  14. 14. Web Specification<br />RSS syndicated web<br />RSS technology allows an aggregator to check the subscribed feeds and to collect all the new content from many sites<br />The educator - create feeds about any topic, can make a syndicated feed of search results<br />Students - arrange individualized, syndicated web pages creating large repositories of knowledge<br />RSS - a powerful research tool aiding educators and students in performing in depth<br />research both individually and collaboratively by sharing and combining feeds across<br />various sources<br />
  15. 15. Web Specification<br />Virtual web<br />The flat 2D web is replaced by an immersive and highly social 3D online world - the teaching/learning process is translated in virtual worlds<br />Different educational strategies : for individual, group, collaborative work, for experiments, simulations and research, for university students, life-long or self-paced learners<br />Educators have tools for authoring of flexible and attractive teaching/learning environment, automating the objects generation, publishing and presenting<br />
  16. 16. Web Specification<br />Augmented web<br />AR - takes technologies that add contextual data to deepen a person’s understanding of the subject<br />At this moment there are few authoring tools to support educators, creating AR applications<br />
  17. 17. Web Specification<br />Open web<br />The main purpose is the broadest possible dissemination of knowledge<br />On the web the educational materials of many open courses are shared for reusage in concrete context with minimal restrictions<br />Open software and open code is widely adopted in Higher education - the possibilities for modification, integration, no restriction on other software, technology neutrality, license policy<br />
  18. 18. Automated authoring process - the sequence of actions that the author performs utilizing applications and services in order to build a complete teaching/learning environment<br />
  19. 19. Techniques that automate and facilitate content authoring:<br />Templates usage<br />- Allows the fast creation of unique content and automatic publishing<br /> - to control the automatic <br /> content generation <br /> - to format multiple application pages with little or no hand-crafting<br />
  20. 20. Techniques that automate and facilitate content authoring:<br />Generation of embed code<br />- Created, uploaded and edited content can be converted into embed code<br /> - It can easily be integrated in other applications and sites<br /> - It gives huge possibilities for authors to create a flexible, extendable mashuplearning/teaching environment<br />
  21. 21. Techniques that automate and facilitate content authoring:<br /> Different media format conversion<br />- The automatic conversion from one media format to another <br /> - Support the author in the easy distribution of created content <br /> - Facilitate content integration in a wide range of media environments on different platforms, including PDA and mobile versions <br />
  22. 22. Techniques that automate and facilitate content authoring:<br /> Sharing function<br />- Developed content can be shared, voted and favorited<br /> - It automates the publishing process in different media sites such as: Facebook, Twitter, Digg<br />
  23. 23. Techniques that automate and facilitate content authoring:<br /> Automatic tag generation<br />- Social tags are author-generated keywords associated with some resource on the Web<br /> - They are an important component of content searching and folksonomy forming<br /> - The tags can be automatically created, applied and dynamically shared<br />
  24. 24. Techniques that automate and facilitate content authoring:<br /> Localization<br />- Localization of blogs, RSS feeds, Wiki and knowledge bases is increasing <br /> - In many social applications the translators are integrated and content can be globally accessible<br />
  25. 25. Authoring in Web Clouds<br />Authoring 2.0 benefits<br />Automated functions<br />Authoring activities<br />Web 2.0 specification<br />
  26. 26. Authoring in Edu 2.0<br />
  27. 27. Authoring in Edu 2.0<br />
  28. 28. Authoring in Edu 2.0<br />
  29. 29. Authoring in Edu 2.0<br />
  30. 30. Authoring in Edu 2.0<br />
  31. 31. Authoring in Edu 2.0<br />
  32. 32. Authoring process in Edu 2.0 and beyond<br />Creation of:<br />Media content<br />Profiles<br />Instructions<br />Community<br />In Edu 2.0:<br />HTML Editor<br />Blog<br />Wiki<br />RSS<br />Assignments<br />Beyond:<br />Widgets<br />Networks<br />Media authoring <br />Concepts authoring <br />
  33. 33. Conclusion<br />The authoring process in the clouds of the contemporary Web : <br />It is an individual, but not a stand-alone process<br />It is a collaborative, creative, iterative, virtual process <br />Gives authors powerful functions for automation of content production, remixing, conversion and publishing<br />The IT automation<br />Increases productivity and tasks performance<br />
  34. 34. The images from the clouds:<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  35. 35. Thank you for your attention!<br />… and let’s start the automated authoring process journey in the clouds!<br />For contacts:<br /><br />