Law of labor


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Law of labor

  1. 1. LAW OF LABOR LAW Law is a term which does not have a universally accepted definition, but one definition is that “Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior” Law of Pakistan The Law of Pakistan is the law and legal system existing in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistani law is based upon the legal system of British India; thus ultimately on the common law of England and Wales. Pakistan as an Islamic republic also has been influenced by Islamic Sharia law. Business Law Broadly speaking, business law refers to the laws that apply to business entities, such as partnerships and corporations etc
  2. 2. LAW OF LABOR Unethical Practices in Work Environment: Even though labor law stipulates that anti-employee practices are illegal, big companies such as Wal-Mart are not free of them. In a lawsuit filed in 2001 by Taylor Vogue and Sally Mussmann, some of the Wal- Mart's illegal and unethical practices were uncovered. Employees complained about the fact that the managers gave those tasks impossible to carry out, prevented them from taking well-deserved breaks and failed to record overtime hours that the staff worked.
  3. 3. LAW OF LABOR Definition: “Laws that define the rights of employees in the and protect them from employer retaliation for exercising those legal rights or reporting violations to the proper authorities.” LAW OF LABOR IN PAKISTAN The Constitution of Pakistan contains of provisions with regards to labor rights: Article 11 of the Constitution prohibits all forms of slavery, forced labor and child labor;
  4. 4. LAW OF LABOR IN PAKISTAN Article 17 provides for a fundamental right to exercise the freedom of association and the right to form unions; Article 18 proscribes the right of its citizens to enter upon any lawful profession or occupation and to conduct any lawful trade or business; Article 25 lays down the right to equality before the law and prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of Gender alone; Article 37(e) makes provision for securing just and humane conditions of work, ensuring that children and women are not employed in vocations unsuited to their age or sex, and for maternity benefits for women in employment.
  5. 5. LAW OF LABOR IN PAKISTAN Contract of Employment: While Article 18 of the Constitution affords every citizen with the right to enter upon any lawful profession or occupation, and to conduct any lawful trade or business, the Industrial and Commercial Employment Ordinance was enacted in 1968 to address the relationship between employer and employee and the contract of employment. Termination of the Contract: The services of a permanent worker cannot be terminated for any reason other than misconduct unless one month’s notice or wages in lieu thereof has been furnished by the employer or by the worker if he or she so chooses to leave his or her service. All terminations of service in any form must be documented in writing stating the reasons for such an act.
  6. 6. LAW OF LABOR IN PAKISTAN Working hours Section 8 of the West Pakistan Shops and Establishments Ordinance, 1969 likewise, restricts weekly work hours at 48 hours. Similarly, no young person, under the age Of 18, can be required or permitted to work in excess of seven hours a day and 42 hours a week. Where the factory is a seasonal one, an adult worker shall work no more than fifty hours in any week and no more than ten hours in any day. Paid Leave: As provided in the Factories Act, 1934, every worker who has completed a period of twelve months continuous service in a factory shall be allowed, during the subsequent period of twelve months, holidays for a period of fourteen consecutive days
  7. 7. LAW OF LABOR IN PAKISTAN Minimum Age and Protection of Young Workers Article 11(3) of Pakistan’s Constitution expressly prohibits the employment of children below the age of fourteen years in any factory, mine or other hazardous employment. The Factories Act, 1934 allows for the employment of children between the ages of 14 and 18 years provided that each adolescent obtains a certificate of fitness from a certifying surgeon. Pay Issues: Wages are construed as the total remuneration payable to an employed person on the fulfillment of his or her contract of employment. It includes bonuses and any sum payable for want of a proper notice of discharge.
  8. 8. Child Labor The International Labor Organization (ILO) defines child Labor as: 1- When a child is working during early age 2- He overworks or gives over time to Labor 3- He works due to the psychologically, socially, and materialistic pressure 4- He becomes ready to Labor on a very low pay
  9. 9. How The ChildrenAreAffected “Every year 22,000 children die from accidents related to their work”-Issues Library  Don’t Understand ( Believe it is a normal part of growing up)  Uneducated  Mental affects  Physical Affects
  10. 10. The Different Types of Child Labor  Agriculture  CarpetWeaving  Soccer Balls  AutomobileWorkshops  Mining  Stone/ marble cutting  Mixing Pesticides  Deep fishing  Glass factory  Hotel work/Textile factoryWork  Street work  And much more
  11. 11. What’sBeingDone to Stop Child Labor Pakistan’sEfforts  FactoriesAct, 1934;West Pakistan Shops and EstablishmentOrdinance;The Employee ChildrenAct, 1991; The Bonded Labor System AbolitionAct, 1992; and the Punjab Compulsory Education Act 1994  In September 1988, the "peshgi" (bonded) system was abolished  The government gave free books to primary schools so parents with limited budgets are now able to send their children to schools
  12. 12. CONCLUSION  Poor Pakistan Families really have no other options  Most of the country will be uneducated and illiterate  Child labor has become a part of the economy  They really need to enforce their laws  With the current leaders and system none of the necessary changes will ever be made