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Renewable energy in India: Present Status and Policy


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Discuss the renewable energy sector in India. main focus on the issue and policy which affect renewable energy mission in long term.

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Renewable energy in India: Present Status and Policy

  2. 2. Content  Need of Renewable Energy Sector  Energy Sector In India  Overview of Renewable Energy Sector in India  Promotion Policy for RES  Various Renewable Energy Technique  Remote Village Electrification Program  Jawahar Lal Nehru National Solar Mission  Off grid Power Distribution Management Issues  Future Policy  Conclusion
  3. 3. Need of renewable sector  Energy is a prime source of economic, social and      industrial development of country World energy consumption increase day by day Still 70 % of world electric generation depend up on thermal generation There is lots of social and economical issues with conventional plant World economic is looking for sustainable development in the field of power sector And it cause the birth of renewable Energy Sector
  4. 4. Energy sector in India: it challenge  India, one of the fastest under developing country  Its population is second in world and first in term of density  In last thirty year, there is boom in power sector with formation       of NTPC, NHPC 2003 ACT, allowing private player to invest in generating sector change whole picture 70% of electricity generation is depend upon coal Coal is limited and demand of energy generation rising day by day It is need to change the electricity generation pattern. Nuclear and Hydro generation may come in picture in future Need to invest in renewable form of energy for sustainable growth
  5. 5. Renewable Energy Sector  In 1981, Government of India (GOI) established a     “Commission for Additional Source of Energy” under the Department of Science and Technology. It objective to make policy and structure to support R&D in renewable sector In 1982, Commission was re formulated with status of Department called “Department of Non Conventional Sources” Again in 1992, it was upgraded and known as “Ministry of Non Conventional Energy” Further renamed as Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)
  6. 6. Electricity ACT 2003: Framework for Renewable Energy  To prepare National policy for optimal utilization of     energy resources including renewable energy Formulate policy for standalone system for rural electrification Central and state government shall work together to provide excess to electricity including villages the Regulatory Commissions are required to specify percentage of renewable energy out of total consumption of electricity in the area of distribution licensee. Tariff rate is decided by state electricity regulatory body
  7. 7. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy  Name it self explain the objective of ministry “to work for exploring and implementation of non conventional and new form of energy”  MNRE work in five major area: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Grid-interactive renewable power ( wind power, Small hydro power, Urban & industrial waste to energy and solar power) Distributed renewable power ( Biomass, Biomass gasifier, waste to energy, Aero generator/ hybrid system) Rural and Decentralized energy system ( family type biogas plant, solar street lamp, home lighting system, Solar Photovoltaic system and wind pump) Remote village electrification Other program (energy Park, Akshay urja and hybrid car)
  8. 8. Renewable Energy Development in India Estimated Potential 50000 45000 40000 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 Comulative Potential 45195 19930 16881 1770 15000 3740 5000 2390 5000 2210 2700 210 Source: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
  9. 9. Promotional Policy for RES  Tariff Policy  Incentives and Promotion policy  Specialized Centers/ Institute
  10. 10. Tariff Policy  National Electricity Policy 2005 set various parameter for     renewable energy promotion Preferential feed in tariff for renewable energy procurement by respective SEB Also there is scheme of cost based feed in tariff There is no wheeling (transporting electric power ) charge by SEB Banking of energy for future use and third party sale system for renewable energy provider
  11. 11. Incentive and Promotional Policy  MNRE provide capital subsidy as Central Financial Assistance  Percentage of subsidy is depend upon type of plant and     location Fiscal incentives such as 80% accelerated depreciation, concessional import duty, excise duty etc. Purchase of renewable energy is in same proportion across the state Renewable Energy Certification Mechanism to sale renewable energy. In REC scheme, grid connected renewable plant sale power to local grid at conventional tariff rate and rest of the money is recovered by selling “Renewable Energy Certificate”
  12. 12. Specialized Centers for research For research and development various institute come in picture like: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. C-WET (Centre of Wind Energy Technology) in1982 Solar Energy Center in 1982 Alternate Hydro Energy Centre (IIT Roorkee) in 1982 Sardar Swaran Singh- National Institute of renewable energy Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited (IREDA) National Centre of Photovoltaic Research and Education (NCPRE) Energy Centre at various IIT and NIT
  13. 13. Wind Power Sector  One of the most developed renewable sector in term of share     of energy and technology Southern part of India have abundant capacity of wind energy due to it physical structure and surrounded by sea Wind energy assessment is being carried out by Indian Institute of Tropical Metrology (IITM) and CWET with establishment of 1150 wind monitoring station Suzlon is a leading manufacture of wind turbine in India and fifth leading wind turbine developer in world Current installed capacity of wind generation is 19.9 GW
  14. 14. Type of Wind Power Plant  On the basis of Wind Turbine  On the basis of type of generator  On the basis of operation
  15. 15. Solar Power Sector  India lies in a sunny tropical belt (High insolation) Total approximate potential – annually over 5000 trillion kWh Jawahar Lal Nehru National Solar Mission Target  Over 70% of India’s households experience significant power cuts every year On grid PV power of 1000-2000 MW Off grid PV application 200 MW Solar collector 7 million sq. meter  National Solar Mission and other Generation Based Incentives (GBI) are available through Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)  JNNSM have a mission to install 22 GW solar PV plant by 2022  Cost of PV module, land scarisity technological barrier is a main restriction. and  Current cost of production is `12/KWh and expected cost is `6/KWh by 2020 2010-2013 2013-2017 On grid PV power of 4000-10000 MW Off grid PV application 1000 MW Solar collector 15 million sq. meter 2017-2022 On grid PV power of 22000 MW Off grid PV application 2000 MW Solar collector 20 million sq. meter
  16. 16. India Solar Radiation Map Daily Global Radiation (KJ m-2 per day) City Horizontal Optimum Radiation Tilt Radiation New Delhi 19.67 21.54 Kolkata 17.47 19.07 Pune 20.40 21.94 Chennai 20.12 20.99
  17. 17. Type of Solar PV System Solar PV System Grid Connected PV Large scale production Off Grid PV System Hybrid PV System With Battery Wind-PV hybrid system (Without Battery) (e.g. for houses and industries) With Battery Without Battery PV-Diesel hybrid System (Smart Grid concept) (PV water Pump) PV based Utilities Solar Lamp, Solar mobile charger etc.
  18. 18. Biomass Power/ Cogeneration Program  Objective is to optimize use of country’s biomass resources such as bagasse, rice husk, straw, cotton stalk, soya husk, de-oiled cakes, wastes, groundnut/coconut shells, saw dust, etc.  Have a 21000 MW of potential  main conversion process is biochemical or thermo chemical process
  19. 19. Small Hydro Power Program  Hydro plant of capacity below 25 MW come under this  It help to provide electricity in remote area and also help to     utilize maximum hydro resources Database of SHP site potential is on GIS platform with 4096 potential site Total cumulative potential is of 15386 MW Himachal Pardesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, North Eastern state have a enormous capacity of SHP As there is no need to take license to supply electricity in rural area, Hydro Power Plant of 1-5 MW is famous and many company show interest in build and operate
  20. 20. Small Hydro Power….. Classification Based on Head Classification Based on Size Below 3 meters Ultra low head Upto 100KW Less than 40 meter Low head 101 KW to2001 KW Mini Hydro Plant Above 40 meter Medium head 2001 KW to 25 MW Small Hydro Plant Micro hydro Plant • Small hydropower has a capital cost of about `50–60 million per MW, which is slightly higher than wind, • Energy cost of about `1.50–2.50 per kWh, which is the lowest among renewable energy technologies in India.
  21. 21. Remote Village Electrification Program  The RVE scheme aimed at providing basic lighting/electrification to rural areas through renewable energy sources.  Financial Assistance The RVE program is implemented in the States through Central Financial Assistance of up to 90% of cost of renewable energy generating system from MNRE. The balance cost of the project can be made available through own contribution or through financial institutions.  Activities Eligible for Financial Assistance The activities eligible for financial assistance under this programe are, 1. Installation of power plants based on small hydro power, biomass, wind, biofuels, biogas, etc. for electrification of remote villages/hamlets. 2. Solar photovoltaic power plants may also be supported if found to be cost effective. 3. Hybrid systems and systems based on combination of renewable energy systems would also receive financial assistance. 4. Where no other renewable energy technology is found to be feasible, solar home lighting 5. Initial surveys and studies for firming up of State-wise lists of remote unelectrified census villages and hamlets
  22. 22. Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission  The scheme is focused on promoting off grid and decentralized       systems, including hybrid systems to meet lighting, electricity and heating/cooling requirements. Divided in 3 phase to implement To create an enabling policy framework for the deployment of 20,000 MW of solar power by 2022 To create favorable conditions for solar manufacturing capability To promote program for off grid applications, reaching 1000 MW by 2017 and 2000 MW by 2022 To achieve 15 million sq. meters solar thermal collector area by 2017 and 20 million by 2022. To deploy 20 million solar lighting systems for rural areas by 2022
  23. 23. OFF Grid Power Distribution Management Issue Main management issue: 1. Typical energy consumption pattern and load demand 2. Present energy use pattern and Willingness to pay 3. Single phase verses three phase supply 4. Controlling lighting load Different Technology Option with the Load Profile Load Profile Technology Option Example High Load Area (>50 KW) • Gassifier • Micro Hydro • Husk Power System • DESI Power Medium Load (10-20 KW) • Gassifier • Micro Hydro • TERI-NTPC pilot project Low Load (<10 KW) • SPV • Micro Hydro • Gasifier • Solar home RVE sites • VESP pilot project
  24. 24. Husk Power System Business Model  HPS work to provide electricity in rural area using husk  Generate electricity using husk gasification plant  HPS has mainly 3 business Models 1. BOOM (Build, Own, Operate and Maintain) 2. BOM (Build, Own and Maintain) 3. BM (Build and Maintain)  Different pricing method is adopted  Every household has to paid fixed monthly charge of `45 per CFL of 15 W  1 unit charge is approx. `17  For a typical 32KW HPS plant monthly revenue is `60000 and operating cost is `25000 including manpower works  It show model is technically and economically feasible
  25. 25. Future Prospective of Renewable Energy in India  The Integrated Energy Policy Report (IEPR), prepared by the planning commission of India, has recognized renewable energy sources remain important to Indian’s energy sector  With a concerted push and a 40 fold increase in their contribution to the primary energy, renewables may account for only 5-6% of India’s energy mix by 2031-32 Resources Upto 10th plan 11th plan 12th -13th plan Total Wind Power 7000 MW 10500 MW 22500 MW 40000 MW SHP 1960 MW 1400 MW 3140 MW 6500 MW Bio Power 1037 MW 2100 MW 4363 MW 7500 MW Solar Power 3 MW 1000 MW 20000 MW 22000 MW Total
  26. 26. Medium Term Deployment Aim 2032  GOI aims for several medium/long term goals such as 10% grid interactive renewable power by 2012 and 15 % by 2032  The other massive plans in various sectors are: 1. Energy recovery from municipal waste in 423 cities including 107 municipal corporations where suitable waste is available by 2032. 2. Solar water heating systems: 100% coverage of all prospective users like hotels, hospitals, etc. by 2032. 3. 100% coverage of street lighting control systems by solar sensors in all cities by 2012. 4. Energy recovery from industrial wastes: where suitable waste is available across the country by 2032 5. Solar water heating systems: 100% coverage of potential industries by 2032 6. Cogeneration: 100% coverage of potential sugar and other biomass based industries by 2032 7. Provision of lighting/electricity in all remote unelectrified census villages and remote hamlets of electrified census villages by 2012 8. Augmentation of cooking, lighting and motive power in electrified villages by 2032
  27. 27. Conclusion  India have a huge potential of renewable energy resources and from past few year due to government involvement there is sudden growth in Renewable sector  Prospect of renewable energy are steadily improving in India with better future  The strategy for achieving these enhanced goals will mainly depend on the active participation of all players i.e. from government agencies to NGO’s, from manufactures to R&D institutions, from financial institution to developers and of course a new breed of energy entrepreneurs
  28. 28. References 1. S. N. Singh, Bharat Singh, Ostergaard, “Renewable Energy 2. 3. 4. 5. Generation in India: Present Scenario and Future Prospects”, IEEE, 2009 Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India. [Online] Available: Ministry of Power, Government of India. [Online] Available: The Electricity Act 2003 Report on “Policy And Regulatory Interventions To Support Community Level Off-grid Projects”, ABPS Infrastructure Advisory Pvt. Ltd., Nov 2011