Faculty of Engineering Department of Civil & Structural Engineering SUSTAINABLE URBAN DESIGNsupervisor:Ir. Dr. Riza Atiq Abdullah O.K. Rahmat Done by: Hassan ahmed h. hassn P 64139 Sarah Hazim P 65407 Malek m a algadi P 64143
Kajang, with a population of 229,655 (as of 2008), is a city inthe eastern part of Selangor, Malaysia. This town is also thedistrict capital of Hulu Langat. It is located about 20kilometers south of Malaysia’s capital, Kuala Lumpur.The current location gravity of growth in Kajang would beSungai Chua. The total population of Kajang has grownrapidly in the past few years. As of 2004
A few townships have been developed in Kajang, such as Taman Prima Saujana, Taman Kajang Perdana, and Taman Sepakat Indah (Sungai Chua). Area surrounding these new townships is easily accessible via the SILK Expressway
the agriculture is the largest land use component forall area under Majlis Perbandaran Kajang. But, atthe centre of Kajang Town, the land uses more onCommunity Facilities component. Manyresidential areas at the edge of town.
Commercial Area Commercial lands use growth more at the city centre of Kajang. But, there also have some commercial lands use near residential area. The growth area of Kampung Sungai Chua has had respectable increase in industrial and commercial lands use.
Development Strategies1-Decrease the working, living and business environment of the city centre2-Ensure complete and integrated city linkages3-Ensure the functional distribution of centers andfacilities4-Consolidate the development and enhance theenvironment of stable areas5-Consolidate the development and enhance theenvironment of major entry points
LANDSCAPE AND BIODIVERSITY In Kajang Town, there are places that do not have any landscape and also have some landscape. Even there have some landscape at certain place, it still not enough to sustain the Earth. The landscape at town also not protected
Ecological Diversity Kajang has a small of species of plants means less variety of crops and small species of animals not ensure that the ecosystem is naturally sustained. These flora and fauna have no place to go and most of the place was replaced with building and roads or other facilities
Development Strategies1-Do not disturb the reserved forest2-Planted forest at undeveloped land areas3-Do the landscape at town and home4-Build more recreation garden5-Build a garden for those have big yard athome
SECURITY AND SAFETY The provision of a secure and safe environment for its residents is a significant concern of any major city. In Kajang, more crime like robbery activities and pick pocket. Police station is supplemented by police posts and in addition, there is a system of neighborhood watch centre. To improve safety in the city, the Malaysian Crime Prevention Foundation launched the Safe City Programmed where the communities themselves participate in ensuring the security of their areas. Security and emergency facilities include police station, police posts, neighborhood watch centers and fire station.
SECURITY AND SAFETY There have some places in Kajang that have less safety like in Kajang Town. It is because many illegal residents that live at Kajang.
1-Ensure a safe and healthy living environment that can cater for the need for all groups of people including the disabled, the disadvantaged and the aged 2-Kajang shall, in consultation with the appropriate authorities, ensure that sufficient police stations, police posts, and neighborhood watch centers are provided and adequately distributed 3-Place the closed-circuit television (CCTV) at the place that always happen crime activities 4-The residents must have civic intention and always help people when they in difficult situation 5-The Local Authority Party must do their own job 6-Build overhead bridge for pedestrians
RENEWABLE ENERGY Up to this day, no renewable energy at Kajang. This is because the residents do not exposed about the importance of renewable energy and how extreme our earth if global warming keep on increasing.
1-Build the planted forest at vacant land 2-Protect the forest at Hulu Langat District and Hulu Semenyih District area 3-Every resident are encourage to do landscape at yard of their house 4-Turn off the light if no one in room and when not needed 5-Use compact fluorescent light bulbs to replace the lamp because these bulbs can produce same amount of light but using quarter of electricity only
INTEGRATING TRANSPORT ANDDEVELOPMENT : Train Commuter In Kajang, the main important modes of transportation to the Kuala Lumpur City Center is using the train commuter. Due to some circumstances, the location of the commuter station is not strategic enough. It is located in front of a school. It is hard for the user to get to the commuter station unless they have transport to get them there. The availability of taxis and buses are unreliable from the Kajang town. Furthermore, during peak hour, the traffic here will be very congested due to the existing school in front of the commuter station. This could be very dangerous to the commuter’s passenger as well as the school children.
In Kajang town, there are several major buses that operate here. Among the best is Rapid KL. But, there are not even single bus stands in the town itself. Most of the time, the driver of the bus will drop the passenger in the middle of the main road.
The main problem here is that when the bus stopped, the passenger will have to dare to risk their life to cross the road in order to get to the shopping complex nearby. During any time of the day, the road was very busy and the drivers sometimes reckless. If they did not carefully enough, they will hit the bus passenger when they cross the road. Besides that, when the bus were parked beside the main roads, it will cause massive traffic jam to the Kajang town.
In Kajang, taxis do have specific taxi stand. But due to the excessive taxis lately, all those were parked just beside the major road. This had cause several difficulties to other road users
1 Commuter is the main modes of transportation to the Kuala Lumpur city, so the station should be located nearer to the city so that the user would not have problems getting to the station. 2 The school authorities should provide a traffic guard in front of the school during peak hour to make sure the safety of the school children 3 If possible, the town council of Kajang should provide a bus station in the city so that the bus would have a proper bus station and the level of services would be increased. 4 Proper bus stand should be constructed along the way from out of Kajang to the city especially from Bangi because there are a lot of potential visitors from here due to the existing of educational institution such as UKM.
Travel Demands (High travel demand to and from Kajang town during peak hour and weekend) Increased into and out migration have both contributed to the present traffic congestion in the Kajang town. It is also significant that the population have grown rapidly by the past few years due to the incoming of the legal and illegal immigrant. Apart from that, the high travel demand has increased due to private transportation especially private cars. As the consequences, the congestion had worsened during peak hour where the capacity is very high. This is the time where people come back from work to go home.
Traffic management are aimed at optimizing the existing infrastructure and improve the flow capacity and to be more responsive to the traffic demand at different times of the day. Besides that, traffic control measures that contribute to the traffic management in urban area including one-way street system and penalties for illegal on-street parking. Additional measures that relates to the road safety are through the use of traffic signage, pavement line marking and barriers. Although a lot of traffic management measures have been done and to make it easy for the road user, but it is still not enough to help reduce the traffic congestion. This is because the traffic demands have continuously increased by day.
Pedestrians In Kajang, the pedestrian networks were not progressively implemented in the town. There are not single pedestrian bridges in town. There were also no zebra crossings around the town. These make it hard for the people to cross the road during peak hour. The feelings of being hit by the vehicle coming through were always on their mind.
Cycling has been incorporated into the housing area and recreational areas. But in the town of Kajang, bicyclists are rarely seen. The conditions make it hard for the people to cycle under the hot burning sun. Sometimes, only the construction workers were seen using the bicycle.
Cycling in Kajang are quite dangerous. With all those buses and private transport on the roads, plus the unreliable condition on the road, making it dangerous for to use bicycle in Kajang town. Using motorcycles in kajang more than bicycles but its dangerous too and most of car drivers blame motorcyclists
Recent traffic condition shows that the registered car owner had increased due to the decreasing of world’s oil price. In most of the traffic capacity, private cars account for the largest percentage of all the motorized trips. The Kajang council had taken extra actions in order to reduce the number of private cars enter the town of Kajang. Among the actions are to reduce the number of parking lots and to increase the rate of parking charges to the shopping complex.
Due to the increase of parking charges, the park operators offers seasonal parking tickets which are cheaper. This had encouraged the using of private transport to the town. The willingness to wait for hours if the car parks are full is also the factors that make this problem unsolvable.
1-Redirecting the movement pattern of using the private transport to the public transport.2-Improving the quality and as well as extending the services for publictransport especially commuter trains and local buses3-Improve the traffic management system by implementing the smartsystem.4-Lower the traffic speed limits5-Smaller corner turning radii6-Cultivation of green strips and green trees.7-Improving the access to toilet or washing facilities.8-Ticker gate at commuter station for the disabled.9-Wide doors for lifts.10-Elevators control buttons positioned at heights that are accessible towheelchair users.11-Increased the parking charges in town12-Reduce number of parking in the Kajang town13-Increase the price of vehicles sold in Malaysia and also decreases thenumber of imported cars and motorcycles.14-Cashing out subsidies and unbundling pricing
Urban design principles combine aspects ofarchitecture, landscape architecture. Publicworks, transportation system and public arts tocreate dynamic urban environment. Howeverwith increasing activities of these disciplines, itis better to conceptualized as a design practicethat intersects all of the aspects.
Corridors and gateways The street to the outer district from Kajang is quite confusing. The signage and road network were not properly designed This condition needed to be overcome in order to promote Kajang internationally
In Kajang, especially during nights, the condition of the street are quite dark. Lack of efficient street lighting make it Kajang is not safe enough during that particular time of day.
In terms of development, there are plenty of shopping complexes, schools, police station, fire station, market, hospital, post office and religious workship around the town. As for the residential area, the mixed-income housing was seen clearly just outside the town center. For government sector offices such as JKR, Kajang City Council (MPKj) and SYABAS, all those office were situated in the middle of the town
During office hour, these areas of town were full with people, but during night, these places were very quite. These could make Kajang town a very dangerous place at night where any possible crime could happen. Other problem is that when emergency cases occurs, ambulances and fire bridges will be having hard time to go through the congested traffic due to its location
Parks and open spaces In Kajang, there are no parks here. The town does not have green area to be made as recreational parks. Lack of green areas Discourage the attitude for exercising for the people in Kajang Increase the hot temperature during day time.
Landmarks One of Kajangs landmarks is Stadium Kajang which is situated in the heart of the town. The Kajang Mosque or Masjid Kajang Kajang is famous for its “Sate Hj Samuri”. But the restaurant were located in the middle of busy roads
1-The major corridors that relatives to the building must be identified preserved and enhanced. 2-Gateways are the main zones of the Kajang city that could make people realize that they were entering the Kajang town. 3-Implementation the suitable hardscape, soft scape street furniture and signage. 4-High quality of street lighting creates scene of safety for the users. 5-Streets comprise the greatest portion of the town and dominate the sense of traveling public and the pedestrian. 6-Require to create flexible development blocks which can support mixed-use including entertainment, office, retail, education, recreation and mixed-income housing. 7-Design public spaces “ Kajang Theme Park “ and parks which create memorable addresses and animate Kajang 8-Installation of fountains, sculptures, water gardens and special lighting that can contribute to the life of Kajang and make the experience more meaningful.
Shopping Kajang has a number of new and old shopping complexes. The Billion Shopping Center in Kajang town has been around for more than 20 years. It was located in the heart of Kajang town. Metro Kajang and Metro Point are other shopping complexes in Kajang. There has been a recent boom of new hypermarkets in Kajang. Giant was the first hypermarket in Kajang. Tesco Kajang, which is located at Saujana Impian, nearby Giant hypermarket, was the second hypermarket. Also, Jusco Balakong is around 5 minutes away from Jalan Cheras of Saujana Impian
Education Kajang is a town surrounded by many schools, mainly SMAP Kajang, Kajang High School, SMK Yu Hua Kajang, SMK Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Kajang and many more. Kajang High School is reported to be one of the oldest schools in Kajang. There are also few private schools located within Kajang namely Sri ABIM, Al-Amin, and Sri Ayesha
Kajang also has a few institutions of higher learning. One of the universities located near Kajang is Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN). Another, National University of Malaysia (UKM) is nearby Bangi, is one of the largest national universities
1-Provide opportunities and facilities for residents to attain economic and social progress.2-Provide a clean, pleasant, and save living environmentand access to high quality community and culturalfacilities as well as public services that are supported byefficient infrastructures.3-Create different types of public transport. For example,boat to encourage people to use public transport thanprivate cars.
CONCLUSIONAs a conclusion, the public participation shouldassist in achieving sustainable development inoptimal utilization of available resources. Theconcept of eco-partnership which placesemphasis on the concerted efforts of variousstakeholders such as private enter prices, variousgovernment agencies and community based andnon governmental organizations (CBOs andNGOs) to carry out study activities aimed atincreasing public awareness on sustainableenvironment should be promoted and enhanced.The public should also be encouraged to adoptthe 3R concept of ‘Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.’