University of Puerto Rico Biology Department Cayey, Puerto Rico A Study of Lucid Dreams:The Effects on the Depressive Mind Juan Enrique Maldonado Weng 804-12-3048 Biology Laboratory 3009 Prof. E. Llera Santos RISE- Summer Bridge
Abstract Introduction In this experiment, a number of Lucid dreams has been anpeople suffering depression will be used incredibly large field of study with manyto find a way to treat their conditions. questions still left unanswered. HavingThe experimental treatment consists of lucidity in dreams is having a strongutilizing lucid dreams. There is an control over how a dream wouldestablished relationship between the progress. The challenge of experiencingdepressive state of mind and a this type of dream state is the fact ofrecurrence of nightmares. Since the consciously realizing that one is in aability of obtaining lucidity gives the sleep paralysis, which tends to happenpatient the ability to change the course of during the Rapid Eye Movement (REM)the dream, the patient should be able to stage of sleep. To explore these newlyalter the nightmare into a more peaceful created worlds is an opportunity todream. Once being able to reach lucidity explore ones thoughts, ones imaginationin their dream state, the expected and, even, ones own sub-conscious.outcome is that those suffering With this opportunity, many will be abledepression will be able to obtain better to encounter their inner most fear, andsleeping patterns and, as a result, treat with this encounter, be able to overcometheir own depression. The subjects will their own oppressive fear. Many couldbe taught the effective methods of use this way of dreaming to understandreaching lucidity and will be using the themselves better to then improve.methods for a period of three months. Incredible amounts of opportunities canAny behavioral changes will be noted arise from sleeping and achievingand compared. After the three months, lucidity.the subjects will be evaluated for any Hypothesisimprovements in terms of sleep, Since there is a connectionbehavior, and mood. The expected between depression and wellness ofresults would be an improvement in the sleep, a possibility arises for many. Bypatients behavioral patterns, and a improving sleep, patients will be able tocontinuation of studies into this field of treat themselves of their depressive state.treatment. While being able to control their dreams,
patients will be capable to alter their on lucidity or effects differently on thedreams, resulting in better sleep and patients. The group C will rely on anti-improving changes in mood during the depressants as a treatment and will act asday. Lucid dreaming is an effective way a control group. The group D will beof improving the behavior of patients testing if lucid dreams can have positivethat are suffering from depressive effects even without signs of depression.symptoms. The subjects will be studied for aMethodology period of three months. The reason for For this experiment, twenty-four this amount of time is the probability ofsubjects will be utilized. These subjects a lucid dream occurring. A better rangewill require to be at their mid-twenties. can compensate for the probability ofHalf of all the subjects will be comprised having low amounts of occurrences.by men and the other, by women. Diagnosed Receive Lucidity Maintain regularEighteen of the twenty-four must be Groups with MDD Training Medication A Yes Yes Nodiagnosed Major Depressive Disorder B Yes Yes Yes(MDD) and its symptoms. These C Yes No Yesrequirements are necessary because a D No Yes Nomajority of the severe cases of MDD The methods that are going to beoccur for people between the ages of utilized and taught to the subjects are thetwenty to thirty. "MILD" technique and the "Early The acquirement of the subjects Morning Nap" Technique. Thewill be under their own consent, as long Mnemonic Induction of Lucid Dreamsas they are able to make their own (MILD) utilizes memory to help thechoices. subject realize he or she is in a dream, These subjects will be divided making the event a lucid dream. Theinto four groups, all comprised of six MILD technique helps with themembers. The group A will test to see if recognitive functions. The otherwith lucid dreaming can they treat their technique, the "Early Morning Nap",depression without help of their anti- helps the subject have more dreams,depressants. The group B will test to see therefore giving more chances for theif anti-depressants will have any effect subject to achieve lucidity. This
technique makes the subject wake up mood and behavior has been improvedsixty minutes earlier than usual and or worsen.makes them wakeful, then makes them Conclusiontake a morning nap. This compels the In the end of the experiment, thebrain to become lucid in dreams. expected findings would prove to find a After training the subjects to better way to treat depression and to helpachieve lucidity, they will be tested for those who suffer from it. The study oflucidity with EEGs and MRIs. The dreams is a very big field with limitlessbrainwaves should show a sense of possibilities on what can be achievedmovement even when asleep. with them. Dreams should gather After each patient is positive for broader attention from researchers tobeing able to reach lucidity, each patient expand the knowledge of what is known.will be sent home with enough copies of More experiments should be conducteda form called "Dream Log". The form to see if it has more health benefits.they will be filling out each morning, As the late great musician, Johnafter each morning nap, will record the Lennon, famously sang: "You maydata of the patients dream patterns. The say Im a dreamer, but Im not the onlyform also asks about the mood that the one." We all have dreams, so letssubject had during the day, but this is to explore them!be answered during the end of thepatients day. The subjects will be senthome during the length of study becauseto be proven useful, the subject musthave their regular routine and normalsurroundings. After the three months, subjectswill be called in to see how they haveprogressed. The "Dream logs" will becollected and analyzed. The data will becompared between all the groups. Thepatients will be evaluated to see if their
References:Hollon,S., Micheal E. Thase, and John C. Markowitz. 2002. Treatment and Prevention ofDepression. Vol.3, No.2. Page 68Armenian Medical Network. Major Depressive Disorderhttp://www.health.am/psy/major-depressive-disorder/#ixzz1zzw420QKPlanck Gesellschaft, M. Scientists measure dream content for the first time: Dreamsactivate the brain in a similar way to real actions. ScienceDaily. 2011.http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2011/10/111028113626.htmLaBerge, S. & Levitan, L. 2004. Lucid Dreaming FAQ. Version 2.3,2003http://lucidity.com/LucidDreamingFAQ.htmlLaBerge, S., Lucid Dreams. 2000. Pages 3-11Bernert, R., Thomas E. Joiner Jr, Kelly C. Cukrowicz, Norman B. Schmidt, and BarryKrakow. 2005 Suicidality and Sleep Disturbances. Vol. 28, No. 9. Pages 1135-1140.http://www.journalsleep.org/Articles/280917.pdfSpoormaker, V., and Jan van den Bout. 2005. Lucid Dreaming Treatment forNightmares: A Pilot-Study. Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University.Page 152-154. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17053341Susan Blackmore. Conversations on Consciousness. Oxford University. Interview withStephen LaBerge. Pages 137-148.
Attachments HOJA DE CONSENTIMIENTO INFORMADO A Study of Lucid Dreams: The Effect on the Depressive MindDescripción Usted está invitado a participar en un proyecto de investigación sobre los efectos de sueños lucidos en lospacientes de depression. Este proyecto es realizado por Juan Enrique Maldonado Weng, P.I. El propósito de este estudio es encontrar un mejor tratamiento para la depression. Como parte de la investigación se le requerirá participar en un entrenamiento para obtener sueños lucidos yllenar un formulario ("Dream Log") cada dia para tres meses. El participar en este estudio le tomará aproximadamente tres meses.Riesgos y beneficios Los riesgos asociados con este estudio son el desuso del medicamento recetado y quiza sufrir de algunassintomas del depression. El beneficio esperado de esta investigación es poder utilizar los suenos como un medio detratar las sintomas.Derechos Si ha leído este documento y ha decidido participar, por favor entienda que su participación es voluntaria yque usted tiene derecho a abstenerse de participar o retirarse del estudio en cualquier momento, sin ninguna penalidad.También tiene el derecho a no contestar alguna pregunta en particular. También tiene derecho a recibir una copia deeste documento.Confidencialidad Se mantendrá confidencialidad con su participación al completar este cuestionario. Toda la informaciónpermanecerá almacenada por un promedio de tres años en la universidad de Puerto Rico, recinto de Cayey. Luego deestos tres años estos documentos serán destruidos con una trituradora de papel. Si tiene alguna pregunta o queja, por favor comuníquese con Juan Enrique Maldonado Weng al 787-555-4038 o con el Dr. Wilfredo Resto, Coordinador IRB, Teléfono 787-738-2161, Ext. 2706 ó 2578. En caso deemergencias debe llamar al 787-555-4038___________________________ ___________________________ _________________Nombre del participante Firma FechaHe discutido el contenido de esta Hoja de Consentimiento con el arriba firmante. Le he explicado los riegos ybeneficios del estudio.___________________________ __________________________ _________________Nombre del investigador Firma Fechao persona designadaLa Carta Circular 5-2001-2002 del Departamento de Educación, inciso d, y la Recomendación de la División Legal del Departamento de Educación del 7 de noviembre de 2005, nos requiere incluir la siguiente cláusula: Se releva al Departamento de Educación de toda responsabilidad por cualquier reclamación que pueda surgir como consecuencia de las actividades del estudio y de la información que se solicite y provea a través de las mismas.