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Naana aike

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Naana aike

  1. 1. NĀ`ANA: PEPEKE `AIKE HAW 102
  2. 2. PEPEKE `AIKE HE <ul><li> Po`o Piko </li></ul><ul><li>HE (MAU) object + subject </li></ul>
  3. 3. LA`ANA <ul><li>He pōpoki kēlā. That (f) is a cat. </li></ul><ul><li>He pōpoki `ele`ele kēlā. That (f) is a black cat. </li></ul><ul><li>He pōpoki `ele`ele kēlā ma ke alanui. That (f) is a black cat on the road. </li></ul>
  4. 4. LA`ANA <ul><li>He mau pōpoki kēlā. Those (f) are cats. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau pōpoki `ele`ele kēlā. Those (f) are black cats. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau pōpoki `ele`ele kēlā ma ke alanui. Those (f) are black cats on the road. </li></ul>
  5. 5. LA`ANA <ul><li>He kupunawahine `o Leinā`ala. Leinā`ala is a grandmother. </li></ul><ul><li>He kupunawahine `olu`olu `o Leinā`ala. Leinā`ala is a kind grandmother. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>He kumu ko`u makuakāne. My father is a teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>He kumu hula ko`u makuakāne. My father is a hula teacher. </li></ul>
  6. 6. LA`ANA <ul><li>He mau kumu ko`u mau mākua. My parents are teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau kumu hula ko`u mau mākua. My parents are hula teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>He kula `o Ke Ana La`ahana. Ke Ana La`ahana is a school. </li></ul><ul><li>He kula maika`i `o Ke Ana La`ahana. Ke Ana La`ahana is a good school. </li></ul><ul><li>He kula maika`i `o Ke Ana La`ahana ma Hilo. Ke Ana La`ahana is a good school in Hilo. </li></ul>
  7. 7. PEPEKE `AIKE HE: REMINDERS
  8. 8. PEPEKE `AIKE `O <ul><li>Po`o Piko </li></ul><ul><li>`O object + subject </li></ul>
  9. 9. LA`ANA <ul><li>`O ka`u pōpoki kēlā. That (f) is my cat. </li></ul><ul><li>`O ka`u pōpoki pupuka kēlā. That (f) is my ugly cat. </li></ul><ul><li>`O ka`u pōpoki pupuka kēlā ma ke kumulā`au. That (f) is my ugly cat in the tree. </li></ul>
  10. 10. LA`ANA <ul><li>`O kēia ka hale. This is the house. </li></ul><ul><li>`O kēia ka hale o ko`u māmā. This is the house of my mother. </li></ul>
  11. 11. LA`ANA <ul><li>`O Ku`ulei ko`u māmā. Ku`ulei is my mom. </li></ul><ul><li>`O kāna kumu `o ia. She is her teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>`O `Okakopa kēia mahina. This month is October. </li></ul><ul><li>`O nā keiki hau`oli ka`u mau keiki. The happy children are my children. </li></ul>
  12. 12. REMINDERS <ul><li>Note that `o is used when an i`oa (proper noun) occurs in the piko position for both the pepeke `aike he and `o. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He kauka `o Palani. Palani is a doctor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>`O au `o Palani. I am Palani. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. REMINDERS <ul><li>Note that with pepeke `aike `o, the words used as po`o and piko can be switched, without the basic meaning being changed. With pepeke `aike `o, the thing that is right after “ `o” is the thing that is emphasized as shown in bold below. You CANNOT switch the words in this way with pepeke `aike he. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>`O Kalani `o ia. He is Kalani. </li></ul><ul><li>`O ia `o Kalani. He is Kalani. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>`O kēia kona ka`a. This is her car. </li></ul><ul><li>`O kona ka`a kēia. This is her car . </li></ul>
  14. 14. REMINDERS <ul><li>Some ka`i can stand by themselves if the following meme`a (noun) is dropped as understood. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>`O kēia (mea) ko`u (mea). This (thing) is mine (thing). </li></ul><ul><li>He mākeke kēlā (hale). That (building) is a market. </li></ul><ul><li>`O Nani kekahi (haumāna). Nani is one (student). </li></ul>
  15. 15. HE AHA vs. `O WAI <ul><li>Note that “he aha” means “what” and “ ‘o wai” means “who.” Although in English you ask, “What is your name?” in Hawaiian you ask, “Who is your name?” as in “ `O wai kou inoa?” To say “He aha kou inoa?” means something quite different as shown in the following example: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>`O wai kou inoa? What is your name? </li></ul><ul><li>(Keoki? Sean? Pua? Lynn?) </li></ul><ul><li>He aha kou inoa? What is your name? </li></ul><ul><li>(a Chinese name? a Japanese name? an old family </li></ul><ul><li> name? a name from the Bible?) </li></ul>
  16. 16. HE AHA vs. `O WAI <ul><li>In Hawaiian, you always use “ `o wai” when asking for the personal name of a specific individual person, place, or thing. In other words, when you use “ `o wai,” you are asking for an i`oa (proper noun). “He aha” is used when asking for a general term or description known as the name for all things that have the same traits. See the following examples: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>`O wai ka inoa o kēia `īlio? What is the name of this dog? </li></ul><ul><li>(Spot? Spuds? Bruiser? Princess?) </li></ul><ul><li>He aha ka inoa o kēia `īlio? What is the name of this dog? </li></ul><ul><li>(a Labrador? a Doberman? a Chihuahua?) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>`O wai ka inoa o kēia mele? What is the name of this song? </li></ul><ul><li>(Aloha `oe? Jingle Bells? Itsy Bitsy Spider?) </li></ul><ul><li>He aha ka inoa o kēia mele? What is the name of this song? </li></ul><ul><li>(a ballad? a lullaby? a church hymn?) </li></ul>
  17. 17. REMINDERS <ul><li>As was the case with pepeke painu, you do not need to have an `awe, but can choose to add one (or more) to indicate when, where, or with whom someone or something is.   </li></ul><ul><li>He pua kēnā ma kona lauoho. That (n) is a flower in her hair. </li></ul><ul><li>`O Kumu Makua ka`u kumu ma ke kula. Kumu Makua is my teacher at school. </li></ul>
  18. 18. COLLOQUIAL <ul><li>In informal conversations, the ‘o or he at the beginning of the sentence can be dropped. </li></ul><ul><li>Formal: ‘O ko`u ka`a kēlā. That is my car. </li></ul><ul><li>Colloquial: Ko`u ka`a kēlā. That’s my car. </li></ul>
  19. 19. REMINDERS <ul><li>Notice that when you want to give the proper name of something, you need to use `o before it. For example, if you want to say high school, you would say “ke kula ki`eki`e.” If you want to say a particular high school (the name of it), you say “ke kula ki`eki`e `o ____” as in the example below: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>`O kēlā ke kula ki`eki`e `o Waiākea. That (f) is Waiākea High School. </li></ul><ul><li>`O kēia ka mahina `o `Okakopa. This is the month of October. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Please note that this applies to other types of sentences as well: </li></ul><ul><li>Aia ka hōkele `o Naniloa ma ke alanui `o Banyan. Naniloa Hotel is on Banyan Drive. </li></ul>

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