101 o vs a


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101 o vs a

  1. 1. KINO` vs KINO`Ō Ā KO vs KĀ HAW 101
  2. 2. KINO`Ō USED WHEN YOU HAVE NO CONTROL OVER HAVING SOMETHING • `Ohana in your generation and above such as parents, siblings, and grandparents (cousins are considered your generation) • Friends are considered o class because friends are typically in your generation • Body parts • Something you own to be in/on/under/behind of or to wear. Examples include a house, room, clothes, etc. This also includes modes of transportation such as a car, boat, horse, etc. • Others include your birthright: your gods, your emotions or feelings, your senses and your land.
  3. 3. KINO`Ā GENERALLY USED WHEN YOU HAVE CONTROL OVER SOMETHING • `Ohana below your generation or those you have a choice about (spouse, children, grandchildren, etc.) • Pets • Something you do not use to be in, on, under, or to wear, such as a book, shovel, food, etc. • Others include things you achieve: your degree, your marriage, and your occupation
  4. 4. IMPORTANT NOTES • A bag/purse is considered to be kino` . Even though it is oftenā considered to be an item of clothing, you need to think back to its original purpose of carrying something and it is not meant to be "worn" like clothes. As such, "his/her bag" would be "k na `eke." If one were to say kona`eke, it would be aā referring to a certain male body part. • This is much like uaki (watch) is considered a kino` . Evenā though a watch is worn, when watches were first introduced to our k puna, they were not wristwatches, but rather pocketū watches. Even though watches are worn today, they still carry the kino` .ā
  5. 5. KINO`Ō KINO`Ā House – belonging to someone to live in House – the person who built it Party – the person for whom the party has been made Party – the person putting on/hosting the party Picture – the person in the picture Picture – the person to whom the picture belongs Lei – the person for whom the lei has been made Lei – the person who made the lei (for someone else to wear)
  6. 6. KA/KE/NĀ thing O/A possessor OR KO/KĀ possessor (MAU) thing
  7. 7. KA/KE/NĀ thing O/A possessor KO/KĀ possessor (MAU) thing N LA`ANA w/I`OAĀ • Keoni’s house ka hale o Keoni ko Keoni hale • U`i’s cat ka p poki a U`iō k U`i p pokiā ō
  8. 8. KA/KE/NĀ thing O/A possessor KO/KĀ possessor (MAU) thing N LA`ANA w/KA`I +Ā MEME`A • your auntie’s cat ka p poki a kou `anakō ē k kou `anak p pokiā ē ō • the man’s house ka hale o ke k neā ko ke k ne haleā
  9. 9. CONTRACTIONS • o + au = o`u of me (kino` )ō • a + au = a`u of me (kino` )ā • o + `oe = ou of you (kino` )ō • a + `oe = uā of you (kino` )ā • o + `o ia = ona of him/her (kino` )ō • a + `o ia = naā of him/her (kino` )ā KA/KE/NĀ thing O/A possessor
  10. 10. KA/KE/NĀ thing O/A possessor KO/KĀ possessor (MAU) thing N LA`ANA w/PAPANIĀ • my house (the house of me) ko`u hale ka hale o`u • his/her cat (the cat of him/her) k na p pokiā ō ka p poki naō ā
  11. 11. KO/K W/HELUNUIĀ • To make the phrase helunui (plural), simply add mau before the thing that is possessed. In the helunui, ko/k + mau canā be replaced with n + o/a as shown below.ā • Keoni’s house ka hale o Keoni ko Keoni hale • Keoni’s houses n hale o Keoniā ko Keoni mau hale
  12. 12. N LA`ANAĀ • the man’s pens n peni a ke k neā ā k ke k ne mau peniā ā • that (f) woman’s papers n pepa a k l wahineā ē ā k k l wahine mau pepaā ē ā