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Episode 1: School as a Learning Environment
Name of FS Student: REGINE D. BALANO
Resource Teacher: CLAUDINE JADE JARALBA Signature: ___________________
Cooperating School: HOLY CROSS COLLEGE OF CALINAN
Your Target:
At the end of this activity, you will be competent in determining a school environment that
provides social, psychological, and physical environment supportive of learning.
Your Map:
A general observation of the campus and the classroom is an exciting way to start your
observation.
Your mission is to do the following tasks:
• The Learner's Development and
Environment
FS1Field Study
1. Visit a school.
Look into
facilities and
support learning
areas in the
campus, then in
the classroom.
2. Accomplish
the checklist as
you move
around the
school premises.
3. Based on your
gathered data in
the checklist,
describe the
school
environment.
4. Make a
reflection on the
characteristics of
a school
environment
that promotes
learning.
5. Present your idea of a good school
environment through any of these:
a) Descriptive Paragraph; b) Photo
Essay; c) Sketch or drawing; d) Poem,
Song or Rap
Your TOOLS
As you move around the campus, activity forms are provided for you to document your
observations. It is advised that you read the entire worksheet before proceeding to the school site.
A good understanding of the activities and tasks to be accomplished in the activity sheets yield
better learning results.
SCHOOL FACILITIES CHECKLIST
Familiarize yourself with the different areas of the school. Check the column to indicate their
availability. Give a brief description of those that are available on the last column.
FACILITIES AVAILABLE NOT
AVAILABLE
DESCRIPTION
Officeof the Principal Wide, clean and neat.
Papers and documents were
arranged in proper places.
Fully air conditioned.
Library Books are arranged
accordingly, tables and
chairs are also present for
students conducive to
learning. Fully air
conditioned.
Counseling Room With proper ventilation and
well-lighted, helping the
guidance area to counsel to
students concern. Sound
proof.
Canteen/ Cafeteria This common area has few
tables and chairs. Generally,
the place is clean and well
ventilated. Here, they serve
snacks and lunch for
everyone in the school.
They don’t serve junk
foods.
Medical Clinic The school clinic has
medical paraphernalia
needed for emergency
cases. There is also a
school nurse who is
assigned to take care of the
facility and do the
monitoring of the students’
health.
Audio Visual/Media
Center
It is well- organized since it
has a complete facilities
enough for the users.
Reading Center
Speech Laboratory It is well-equipped and
well- arranged. It is also
clean and well- ventilated.
It looks like a call center.
Science Laboratory Equipped with different
laboratory apparatuses.
Used by students during
their biology, chemistry and
physics classes.
Gymnasium It is wide enough for the
school activities, well-built
and clean.
Auditorium
Home Economics
Room
The room is good and
complete of necessary
things that are needed in the
students activity.
IndustrialWorkshop
Area
PTA Office Small and clean office.
Available for inquiries and
other concerns.
ComfortRoom for
Boys/Girls
It is clean and hygienic.
OBSERVATION GUIDE FOR THE CLASSROOM VISIT
Read the following statements carefully. Then write your observation report on the
provided space.
1. Describe the community or the neighborhood that the school is found.
2. Describe the school campus. What colors do you see? What is the condition of the
buildings?
3. Pass by the offices. What impressions do you have of these offices?
4. Walk through the school halls, the library, the cafeteria. Look around and find out the
other facilities that the school has.
Name of SchoolObserved: HOLY CROSS COLLEGEOF CALINAN
SchoolAddress: CALINAN, DAVAO CITY
Date of Visit: FEBRUARY 11, 2015
The school is located at the back of the Catholic Church. It is surrounded with houses and
establishments. The neighborhood is noisy because of the motor vehicles plying along the streets,
but the outside environment of the school is clean and not polluted.
The school campus is wide and the buildings are quiet old. I can see different
colors inside the school but most of it is blue since it is the color motif of the school. Some of the
classrooms are already fixed and painted with cool colors.
Whenever I passed by the offices, I always have the impressions that people in the
office are always busy. It is well- equipped and well-ventilated. Personnels are approachable
too.
The Library is full of books, quiet, clean and well-arranged. The halls are clean
too, so with the canteen which is always full of nutritious foods.
OBSERVATION GUIDE FOR THE CLASSROOM VISIT
Be guided by these tasks as you do your observation. Then accomplish the matrix
to record your data.
1. Look at the walls of the classroom. What are posted on the walls? What heroes, religious
figures, lessons, visual aids, announcements, do you see posted?
2. Examine how the furniture is arranged. Where is the teacher’s table located? How are the
tables and chairs/desks arranged?
3. What learning materials/ equipment are present?
4. Observe the students. How many are occupying one room?
5. Is the classroom well-lighted and well-ventilated?
CLASSROOM FACILITIES MATRIX
CLASSROOM FACILITIES DESCRIPTION
(LOCATION, NUMBER, ARRANGEMENT, CONDITION)
1. WALL DISPLAYS There are lots of wall displays posted
everywhere like pupils activity chart, subject
information and even pupil’s birthdays. They
are arranged well.
2. TEACHER’S TABLE The teacher’s table is located at the back,
near the door of the classroom where she
could see every student going in or out of the
class.
3. LEARNER’SCHAIRS There are 40 armed- chairs painted with
brown color. And it is well- furnished.
4. BLACKBOARD It is wide provided for teacher and for the
student’s stability and value of focus to
learning.
5. LEARNING The learning material or visual aids which
are used by the teacher are written ligibly for
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Fs1fullepisodes 140313085930-phpapp01

  • 1. Episode 1: School as a Learning Environment Name of FS Student: REGINE D. BALANO Resource Teacher: CLAUDINE JADE JARALBA Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: HOLY CROSS COLLEGE OF CALINAN Your Target: At the end of this activity, you will be competent in determining a school environment that provides social, psychological, and physical environment supportive of learning. Your Map: A general observation of the campus and the classroom is an exciting way to start your observation. Your mission is to do the following tasks: • The Learner's Development and Environment FS1Field Study 1. Visit a school. Look into facilities and support learning areas in the campus, then in the classroom. 2. Accomplish the checklist as you move around the school premises. 3. Based on your gathered data in the checklist, describe the school environment. 4. Make a reflection on the characteristics of a school environment that promotes learning. 5. Present your idea of a good school environment through any of these: a) Descriptive Paragraph; b) Photo Essay; c) Sketch or drawing; d) Poem, Song or Rap
  • 2. Your TOOLS As you move around the campus, activity forms are provided for you to document your observations. It is advised that you read the entire worksheet before proceeding to the school site. A good understanding of the activities and tasks to be accomplished in the activity sheets yield better learning results. SCHOOL FACILITIES CHECKLIST Familiarize yourself with the different areas of the school. Check the column to indicate their availability. Give a brief description of those that are available on the last column. FACILITIES AVAILABLE NOT AVAILABLE DESCRIPTION Officeof the Principal Wide, clean and neat. Papers and documents were arranged in proper places. Fully air conditioned. Library Books are arranged accordingly, tables and chairs are also present for students conducive to learning. Fully air conditioned. Counseling Room With proper ventilation and well-lighted, helping the guidance area to counsel to students concern. Sound proof. Canteen/ Cafeteria This common area has few tables and chairs. Generally, the place is clean and well ventilated. Here, they serve snacks and lunch for everyone in the school. They don’t serve junk foods.
  • 3. Medical Clinic The school clinic has medical paraphernalia needed for emergency cases. There is also a school nurse who is assigned to take care of the facility and do the monitoring of the students’ health. Audio Visual/Media Center It is well- organized since it has a complete facilities enough for the users. Reading Center Speech Laboratory It is well-equipped and well- arranged. It is also clean and well- ventilated. It looks like a call center. Science Laboratory Equipped with different laboratory apparatuses. Used by students during their biology, chemistry and physics classes. Gymnasium It is wide enough for the school activities, well-built and clean. Auditorium
  • 4. Home Economics Room The room is good and complete of necessary things that are needed in the students activity. IndustrialWorkshop Area PTA Office Small and clean office. Available for inquiries and other concerns. ComfortRoom for Boys/Girls It is clean and hygienic.
  • 5. OBSERVATION GUIDE FOR THE CLASSROOM VISIT Read the following statements carefully. Then write your observation report on the provided space. 1. Describe the community or the neighborhood that the school is found. 2. Describe the school campus. What colors do you see? What is the condition of the buildings? 3. Pass by the offices. What impressions do you have of these offices? 4. Walk through the school halls, the library, the cafeteria. Look around and find out the other facilities that the school has. Name of SchoolObserved: HOLY CROSS COLLEGEOF CALINAN SchoolAddress: CALINAN, DAVAO CITY Date of Visit: FEBRUARY 11, 2015 The school is located at the back of the Catholic Church. It is surrounded with houses and establishments. The neighborhood is noisy because of the motor vehicles plying along the streets, but the outside environment of the school is clean and not polluted. The school campus is wide and the buildings are quiet old. I can see different colors inside the school but most of it is blue since it is the color motif of the school. Some of the classrooms are already fixed and painted with cool colors. Whenever I passed by the offices, I always have the impressions that people in the office are always busy. It is well- equipped and well-ventilated. Personnels are approachable too. The Library is full of books, quiet, clean and well-arranged. The halls are clean too, so with the canteen which is always full of nutritious foods.
  • 6. OBSERVATION GUIDE FOR THE CLASSROOM VISIT Be guided by these tasks as you do your observation. Then accomplish the matrix to record your data. 1. Look at the walls of the classroom. What are posted on the walls? What heroes, religious figures, lessons, visual aids, announcements, do you see posted? 2. Examine how the furniture is arranged. Where is the teacher’s table located? How are the tables and chairs/desks arranged? 3. What learning materials/ equipment are present? 4. Observe the students. How many are occupying one room? 5. Is the classroom well-lighted and well-ventilated? CLASSROOM FACILITIES MATRIX CLASSROOM FACILITIES DESCRIPTION (LOCATION, NUMBER, ARRANGEMENT, CONDITION) 1. WALL DISPLAYS There are lots of wall displays posted everywhere like pupils activity chart, subject information and even pupil’s birthdays. They are arranged well. 2. TEACHER’S TABLE The teacher’s table is located at the back, near the door of the classroom where she could see every student going in or out of the class. 3. LEARNER’SCHAIRS There are 40 armed- chairs painted with brown color. And it is well- furnished. 4. BLACKBOARD It is wide provided for teacher and for the student’s stability and value of focus to learning. 5. LEARNING The learning material or visual aids which are used by the teacher are written ligibly for
  • 7. MATERIALS/VISUAL AIDS the students to learn. 6. CABINET It is where the cleaning materials are kept. 7. CEILING FAN The ceiling fan is good. It help the students and teacher feel comfortable. 8. COMFORTROOM The comfort room inside the classroom is clean. There is a faucet but there is no light inside. 9. TELEVISION AND DVD PLAYER It is very useful in any film showing inside the classroom. 10.CEILING The ceiling is good. Helping the teacher to interact with each other by covering the inner surface of the roof to maintain ventilation. OBSERVATION REPORT ON CLASSROOM VISIT Name of School: HOLY CROSS COLLEGEOF CALINAN
  • 8. Write your observation here. SchoolAddress: CALINAN, DAVAO CITY Date of Visit: FEBRUARY 11, 2015 It was February5, 2015 when I started my first actual observation in accordance to our FS 1 subject. I was so excited on that daythat I came to school very early where I graduated. Thetargetis to be competent in determining a school environment that provides social, psychological and physical environment supportive of learning. I strolled around the campusand I jotted down the observation in my notebook. I was impressed by the different offices and rooms since it is my alma mater, I could say that the school hasa lot of improvement as the year goes by. I observed everything that the school have. Thefaculty room in which the teacher’s stay is neat and clean. Most of the rooms are alreadyusing projectors and computers during their classes. I went back on another days and continued our observation. I accomplished the school facilities matrix and wasable to answer the questions which are asked in my data.
  • 9. ANALYSIS 1. How do the school campus and the classroom in particular impact on the learning of the students going to school? What are your conclusions? I conclude that the school has a great impact in learning, in the sense that they have a lot of students in school and that only shows how great is the impact of the school to particular learning process. The classrooms are filled with thoughts, and learning that a student/pupil can get. 2. How does this relate to your knowledge of child and adolescent development? How does this relate to your knowledge of facilitating learning? In relation to my previous knowledge of child and adolescent development, pupils learn easily if they were exposed to a friendly atmosphere, free from distractions and noises. They could easily learn if every meeting teacher uses variety and novelty of learning materials and motivate them always. In connection to my previous subject facilitating learning that in doing our tasks as a teacher I should follow the methods and techniques that are best for students to learn and see to it that it is effective. REFLECTIONS 1. Would you like to teach in the schoolenvironment you just observed?Why? Yes, I would like to teach in the school that I have observed in the sense that the environment of the school is good. The building is situated in a good place which provides proper ventilation and better environment. And since this is my beloved Alma mater, I would really love to teach here. 2. What kind of schoolcampus is conducive to learning? In my own views and opinion, a certain school can be considered conducive to learning if it has complete facilities such as standard size classrooms, shops and laboratories and library. The surroundings is clean, well- maintained and free from any pollutions.
  • 10. 3. What kind of classroom is conducive to learning? A classroom can be considered conducive to learning if it is clean, well- ventilated and with proper lightning. It should also have the complete facilities and equipments necessary to facilitate the teaching learning process. Lastly, it should not be too crowded to prevent classroom management problems and to maximize learning. 4. In the future, how can you accomplish your answer to number 3? If I am blessed by God and granted my aspirations in life that is to become a teacher someday, I’ll be resourceful and creative when I structure my classroom. I make sure that my classroom is well- organized. 5. Write your additional learning and insights here. This subject helps me to learn everything necessary for the students to become future educators. The ability to observe classroom conditions will help me to become aware about how to achieve good and effective school environment and on how to provide the learners a classroom that is conducive to learning.
  • 11. MY PERSONAL ILLUSTRATION OF AN EFFECTIVE SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT
  • 12. An effective school environment is one that provides to students the opportunity to achieve high standards that they can use in their future. A school where student feel safe and happy; an environment that will promote those values that will help pupils to become good and responsible citizens, enable them to become involved in their community and become good family members. Each one of us is facing the difficulties and agonies over studies but why we are still conscious in choosing our school to study with even in our primary, secondary and the tertiary which is the college level. Even me, I do the same act. Simply because, we want to achieve the quality education that we are seeking for. Quality education that someday will help us to produce and economically free citizens. Students today are very lucky unlike of the past generations. They do not even have their proper education nor have the well- ventilated classroom. I tried to ask myself on how lucky I am because today, everything is equipped with modern technology.
  • 13. Episode 2: Learner’s Characteristics and Need Name of FS Student: REGINE D. BALANO Course: BSED UNIT EARNER Resource Teacher: CLAUDINE JADE JARALBA Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: HOLY CROSS COLLEGE OF CALINAN Your Target: At the end of this activity, you will gain competencein differentiating the characteristics and needs of learners from different developmental levels. Your Map: To reach your target, do the following tasks: • The Learner's Development and Environment FS1Field Study Step1 Observe 3 groups of learners from different levels. Step3 Validate your observationby interviewing the learners. Step2 Describe each of the learners basedon your observations. Step4 Compare them in terms of their interests and needs.
  • 14. Your TOOLS Use the activity form provided for you to document your observations. An Observation Guide for the Learners’ Characteristics Read the following statements carefully. Then write your observation report on the provided space. Your teacher may also recommend another observation checklist if a more detailed observation is preferred. Physical 1. Observe their gross motor skills. How they carry themselves. How they move, walk, run, go up the stairs, etc. 2. Are gross movements clumsy or deliberate/smooth? 3. How about their fine motor skills? Writing, drawing, etc. Social 1. Describe how they interact with teachers and other adults. 2. Note how they also interact with peers. What do they talk about? What are their concerns? Emotional 1. Describe the emotional disposition or temperament of the learners.(happy, sad, easily cries, mood-shifts) 2. How do they express their wants/needs? Can they wait? 3. How do they handle frustrations? 4. Describe their level of confidence as shown in their behavior. Are they self- conscious? Cognitive 1. Describe their ability to use words to communicate their ideas. Note their language proficiency. 2. Describe how they figure out things. Do they comprehend easily? Look for evidence of their thinking skills. 3. Were there opportunities for problem solving? Describe how did they show problem solving activities.
  • 15. Record the data you gathered about the learners’ characteristics and needs in this matrix. This will allow you to compare the characteristics and needs of learners at different levels. The items under each domain are by no means exhaustive. These are just sample indicators. You may add other aspects which you may have observed. Development Domain Preschooler Indicate age range of children observed:5 to 6 yrs.old Elementary Indicate age range of children observed: 6 to11 yrs.old Physical Gross-motorskills Fine-motor skills Self-help skills Others -Children are clumsy and brisk. -They can write and read letters. -Can feed their selves without the assistance of others of others but is not proper. -They are very alert and energetic and active. -They can write and read words. - Can feed their selves without the assistance of others. Social Interaction with Teachers Interaction with Classmates/friends Interest Others -They interact with teachers without hesitation. -Love to play with their classmates then easily got trouble. -They love to play and write anything and draw. -They interact with self-confidence. -They interact together with their classmates joyfully and actively. -They become interested in an enjoyable activity especially story telling Emotional Learners’ Development Matrix
  • 16. Moods and temperament, expression of feelings Emotional independence Others -They are active, briskly happy but easily cry. -They feel happy when they play with their classmates. -There is shifting of their moods. Often time they are weak sometimes they are active. - They express their emotions through crying. -They are using tagalong but they are not fluent on speaking. -They are not be able to figure out things alone. -It is hard for them to solve problems. -Can communicate with their teacher either in vernacular or English. -They can figure out small things. -They can solve easy and some difficult problems.
  • 17. YOUR ANALYSIS Write the most salient developmental characteristics of the learners you observed. Based on these characteristics, think of implications for the teacher. Example: Level Salient Characteristics Observed Implications to the Teaching-Learning Process Preschool Age range of Learners observed: 3-4  Preschoolers like to move around a lot.  Therefore,the teacher should remember to use music and movement activities not just in PE but in all subject areas.  Therefore,teachers should not expect preschoolers to stay seated for a long period of time.
  • 18. My Reflections 1. While you were observing the learners, did you recall your own experiences when you were their age? What similarities or differences do you have with the learners you observed? Level Salient Characteristics Observed Implications to the Teaching-Learning Process Preschool Age range of learners observed: 5-6 yrs.old -They like to move a lot and play. -They like to draw. -They like to sing and dance. -Like to talk about the things they like. -Therefore, teachers should not expect preschoolers to stay seated for a long period of time. -Teachers should let the pupils to draw and assist them. -Their teacher should find ways on how to develop their talents. He should allow them to show it and encourage them in participating in different activities where they can show their talents. Elementary Age range of learners observed: 7-8 yrs.old -Elementary pupils have different learning abilities such as dancing, singing, drawing and are hungry for learning. -They are keen observers. -Therefore, the teacher should provide different activities for them. He/she should also have different kind of approach for the diverse learning abilities of the pupils. -Therefore, the teacher should be aware of what he is teaching and be careful of the way he/she present things. The teacher should always master his subject matter before conducting his class next day.
  • 19. During the days of my observation, I immediately recall those time during my preschool years. I remembered how enjoyable it is. My teacher taught me how to draw and color it with crayons. I loved those times when our teacher read us some short stories. She also let me sing the alphabet song in front of the class. I noticed some similarities or differences with the learners that I have observed. Like connecting the sound of a letter to a picture. The difference is that, nowadays, teachers are using more vivid pictures and it is now well printed by the computer. 2. Think of a teacher you cannot forget for positive or negative reasons. How did she/he help or not help you with your needs (physical, emotional, social, cognitive)? How did it affect you? Mrs. Delia Tinio is one of the few teachers I cannot forget. She is a very kind-hearted person. She teaches very well in the class. She was actually my favorite teacher .She helped me gain self-confidence. And helped me a lot with my emotional and social development. She gave me some advices whenever I needed it, most especially on how to improve my self-esteem. She have reminded me the importance of having a goal in life. She used to acknowledge my effort every time I earned or achieved something. When it comes to my physical and cognitive development, she was the one who helped me improving my skills and talent. I was always part of a dance troupe during my elementary years. Thanks to my teachers who believed on my capabilities as a student and for giving me so much confidence. 3. Which is your favorite theory of development? How can this guide you as a future teacher? Piaget’s theory of cognitive development is my favorite theory. It can help me guide in the future as a teacher. Because this theory explains that an individual has its own level of learning according to their age. So with this theory you will be guided and understand that each level has its own level of understanding and development when it comes to their physical and cognitive aspects. This theory also explains the development of a child as early as conception until they will become mature, and each level has different level of development in terms of their physical and cognitive aspects. 4. Share your other insights here.
  • 20. After carefully observing and really paying attention to all of the pupils in elementary the differences in their abilities becomes very noticeable. I was able to pinpoint the level of performances of the target students to be observed. Some were active participants and some were shy and too quiet. One of the active and smart pupil that I have observed was a girl named Sofia Kayl . As a fast learner, she is very confident and never fails to raise his hand every time the teacher asks a question . A 9 year old girl and I think she is the top on their class. Next was a boy named Abe Christopher at same age. Always neat but a very naughty boy. He loves moving around and all the time he likes talking to hi seatmate. He can answer the question of the teacher even if it is wrong. And for that I considered him as an average learner. Lastly, I have this boy who got my attention. His name is Clarence. A silent type of pupil. He seems to have his own world because he is aloof to his classmates. He doesn’t participate in the class and is not listening to the teacher most of the time. He can’t read and write well too. He cannot follow teacher’s instruction easily. But then, with the attention that the teacher has provided for him, I think he will improve himself. Name of FS Student: REGINE D. BALANO Course: BSED UNIT EARNER Resource Teacher: MISS CLAUDINE JADE JARALBA Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: HOLY CROSS COLLEGE OF CALINAN • The Learner's Development and Environment FS1Field Study Episode 3: CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND LEARNING
  • 21. Your Target At the end of this activity, you will gain competence in managing time, space and resources to provide an environment which is appropriate to the learners and conducive to learning. Your Map To reach your target, do the following tasks: Your TOOLS Use the activity form provided for you to document your observation. An Observation Guide for the Learners’ Characteristics  Observe a class.  Using a checklist, find out the evident classroom components.  Describe how the classroom is structured/ designed to allow everyone to participate in the learning activities.  Relate the data in your checklist to the learners’ behavior.  Reflect on how classroom management affects learning.
  • 22. Read the following statements carefully. Then write your observation report on the provided space. 1. As you observe the class, look into the characteristics of the learners. Note their ages. 2. How many boys are there? How many girls? 3. Focus on their behavior. Are they already able to manage their own behavior? 4. Can the learners already work independently? 5. Describe their span of attention. 6. Look into their listening skills and ability to concentrate. An Observation Guide for the CLASSROOM VISIT Name School:HOLY CROSS COLLEGE OF CALINAN Observed:CALINAN, DAVAO CITY Date of Visit: FEBRUARY 9, 2015 As I have observed, the age of the learners do not vary talking about their behavior and characteristics for the reason that I witnessed there are some pupils who are very cooperative in the class and there are some who do not involved themselvesin class discussion. In the classroom that I have observed,specifically the grade 3, there are 35 pupils and most of them are girls only 11 are boys. There are only few students or pupils who can manage their own behavior by behaving well in the class, while most of them like to wait for teacher to remind them to stop doing things which could destruct the class. Since they are very young, only few can work independently. Most of them need help of the teacher. The span of attention is very short, since they alwayswant to catch the attention of a teacher, or even to their classmates. Most of the pupils pay attention to their teacher; they lend their senses everytime the teacher is conducting a lesson. Though some of them are not, but then, they are still confident to answer the teacher whenevershe calls their attention.
  • 23. An Observation Guide for the CLASSROOM VISIT Be guided by these questions as you do your observation of the classroommanagement. It is also good to ask the teacher for additional information so you can verify your observation. Write your notes below; and then organize your data in the table that follows. 1. Are there areas in the classroom for specific purposes (storage of teaching aids, books, students’ belongings, supplies, etc.) 2. Are there rules and procedures posted in the room. 3. Did the students participate in making the classroom rules? 4. What are the daily routines done by the teacher? (prayer, attendance, assignment of monitors, warm-up activities, etc.) How are they done? 5. Is there a seating arrangement? What is the basis of this arrangement? 6. Observe the noise level in the classroom. How is this managed? 7. If a learner is not following instructions or is off-task, what does the teacher do? (behavior strategies). 8. What does the teacher do to reinforce positive behaviors? (behavior strategies) Observation Notes: Yes, there are areas in the classroom for specific purposes like a cabinet for teaching aids, a table for student belongings and a book shelves for books. Yes, there are rules posted in the wall, rules in making the classroom clean all the time. The pupils are behaving in the manner they
  • 24. should. The teacher starts the class with a warm-up activities. By letting the pupils greet good morning to everyone, and after that they will pray then sing an action song. The seating arrangement is arranged by groups. The class is noisy but manageable by the teacher. Whenever the learner is not following instructions, the teacher will repeat the instruction and reconstruct it to make it more understandable. The teacher reinforced the learner for showing positive behavior by saying “ Ok, very good answer.” Classroom Management Matrix Aspect of Classroom Description Effect on the Learners
  • 25. Management Specific Areas of the Classroom In front of the class is the teacher’s table. The left corner of the room is where the cleaning materials are and on the opposite side is where other teaching materials are kept. Desks have a section for student belongings. helps the learners gain easy access to teaching materials; provides freedom to move easily within the class; maximizes the students’ interaction with their teacher and classmates; gives a sense of familiarity; Classroom Rules The classroom policy is posted in the wall. This will help the pupils to be reminded when they do a certain kind of mistake. Classroom Procedures The teacher prefers to start the class with a simple song and activities as energizers By this, the pupils would not feel sluggish and tired in starting the class. Daily Routines Prayers are done first as a daily routines, followed by checking of attendance and then proceed to the lesson to be discussed. A good start for the learners because they will be trained and helps to improve themselves from the daily routines. Seating Arrangement Their seating arrangement is arranged rows with proper distances. It is easy for the pupils to move around and it is quite organized for the teacher. Handling Misbehaviors/off- task behavior The teacher gives disciplinary action according to the mistake done by the teacher. The students will behave as a response according to their teachers disciplinary action. Reinforcement of Positive Behavior The learner gives compliment and honor to the learner for showing positive behavior in the class Because of this, the student will strive hard in order to be admire by his/her teacher and classmates. Others YOUR ANALYSIS 1. How did the classroomorganization and routines affect the learners’ behavior?
  • 26. The classroom organization and routines affects the behavior of the learners in improving their senses by way of cooperating to the teachers rules or classroom rules and by being attentive in every activities or class discussion. The physical environment of the classroom is one way to improve the learning environment and to prevent problem behaviors before they occur. 2. What should the teacher have in mind when she/he designs the classroom organization and routines? What theories and principles should you have in mind? The teacher should have in mind time management, furniture and teaching materials, and most importantly the students. I’ve learned that a place must have favorable learning conditions, smooth transitions during class, and excellent management skills. If a teacher fails to manage his/her class then he/she fails to get the students involved during class. This is where the Principles in Classroom Management come in. As I’ve said before, a superb classroom organization helps the learners and teacher to gain effortless contact to teaching materials, provides freedom to move easily within the class and make the most of the students’ interaction with their teacher and classmates. When routines are designed to be a habit in class then the Law of Exercise should be practiced where the teacher can use different kinds of neutral stimulus to become the conditioned stimulus for the students. Added the positive reinforcement, such as feedback or verbal praises, from the findings of Skinner then the routine the teacher designs will be a very effective one. 3. Which behavior strategies were effective in managing the behavior of the students? In motivating them? Why were they effective? In the class I observed, the teacher used positive reinforcement in conditioning the class for their new lesson and expected a test in the next period. When it comes to their daily routine, the class already turned it into a habit. The teacher made use of positive reinforcement in forms of verbal praises and encouragement to the pupils to do better next time. She also showed them honestly that she is proud of what they have accomplished. I think that the teacher’s strategies are very effective because the pupils are all actively participating and focused in class. If a teacher is doing well in letting the student engage in learning then it means she was successful in motivating them.
  • 27. Pupils want to be acknowledged for their hard work because this boosts their confidence in being consistent in getting high grades or being encouraged to get better grades. It was effective because of the fact that pupils/students want to be accepted and treated fairly, receive their deserved appreciation from their teacher and the right amount of concern from them. Your Reflections 1. Imagine yourself organizing your classroom in the future. In what year/grade level do you see yourself? What routines and procedures would you consider at this level? Why? I can see myself in the future as a teacher in high school. I will make my classroom very presentable and cool in the eyes of my students in order to provide them a good environment and a knowledgeable one. I will make sure that they will learn a lot from me. As my future daily routine, I will start in with prayers, then a quick energizer for them to be alert and ready fro discussion. And also, I will make a classroom that should present a cheerful, inviting, motivating and purposeful setting for learning. 2. List the rules you are likely to implement in this level? Why would you choose these rules? My rules for this year level are obedience and cooperation. I will also implement orderliness and cleanliness inside and outside the classroom. I choose this rule because at their age, they need to be more responsible since they are already in teen age years. And lastly I will give grade incentives to those students who have perfect attendance in the whole school year. This is to motivate the students to come to class every day. 3. Should learners be involved in making these rules? Why? Yes, for me learners should be involved in making the class rules for them to be aware of what the rules are. They must always be reminded of those rules so that they will avoid to make mistakes that is against the rules.
  • 28. Name of FS Student: REGINE D. BALANO Course: BSED UNIT EARNER Resource Teacher: MISS CLAUDINE JADE JARALBA Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: HOLY CROSS COLLEGE OF CALINAN Your Target At the end of this activity, you will gain competence in determining teaching approaches and techniques considering the individual differences of the learners. Your Map The learners’ individual differences and the type of interaction they bring surely affect the quality of teaching and learning. This episode is about observing and gathering data to find out how student diversity affects learning. To reach your target, do the following tasks: • The Learner's Development and EnvironmentField Study Episode 4: INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND LEARNER’S INTERACTION (focusing on differences in gender,racial,religious background)
  • 29. Step 3. Describe the interaction that transpires inside and outside the classroom. Step 4. Interview your resource teacher about the principles and practices that she uses in dealing with diversity in the classroom. Step 5. Analyze the impact of individual differences on the learners’ interaction. Your TOOLS Use the activity form provided for you to document your observations. An Observation Guide for the Learners’ Characteristics Read the following statements carefully before you begin to observe. Then write your observation report on the spaceprovided on the next page. 1. Find out the number of students. Gather data as to their ages, gender, racial Groups, religious and ethnic backgrounds. During class: 1. How much interaction is there in the classroom? Describe how the students Interact with one another and with the teacher. Are there groups that inter- act more with the teacher than the others. 2. Observe the learners seated at the back and the front part of the room. Do they behave and interact differently? 3. Describe the relationship among the learners. Do the learners cooperatewith or compete against each other? Step 1. Observe a class in different parts of a school day. (beginning of the day, class time, recess, etc.) Step 2. Describe the characteristics of the learners in terms of age, gender, and social and cultural diversity.
  • 30. Name of the SchoolObserved:HOLY CROSS COLLEGEOF CALINAN SchoolAddress: CALINAN, DAVAO CITY Date of Visit: FEBRUARY 11, 2015 As I am observing the class, I observed that there are like 35 pupils in the class. Their ages vary from 8-9 years old. Most of these pupils are Roman Catholic in religion. During class: The interactions between each other including the teacher are present. The pupils interact with their classmates when they have activities, by sharing their ideas regarding the activities they had. They also interact with each other when they have their own business aside from the lesson discussion with the teacher. The interaction of the pupils to their teacher is when they have something to ask or for clarification from the teacher during discussion of the lesson, to make the discussion alive. There are group of pupils who interact more to the teacher, I think this group of pupils are those who are really participating in the discussion compare to the other pupils. Yes, the pupils who are seating in front and at the back they interact differently, those OBSERVATION REPORT 4. Which students participate actively? Which students ask for most help? 5. When a student is called and cannot answer the teacher’s question, do the classmates try to help him? Or do they raise their hands so that the teacher will call them instead? Outside class: 1. How do the students group themselves outside class?Homogenously, by age? By gender? By racial or ethnic groups? Or are the students in mixed social groupings? If so, describe the groupings. 2. Describe how the learners interact with each other. What do they talk about?
  • 31. Name of FS Student: REGINE D. BALANO Course: BSED UNIT EARNER Resource Teacher: MISS CLAUDINE JADE JARALBA Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: HOLY CROSS COLLEGE OF CALINAN Your Target At the end of this activity, you will gain competence in determining, understanding and acceping the learners’ diverse backgrounds; and in relating the learners’ background to their performance in the classroom. Your Map To reach your target, do the following tasks: 4.4 • The Learner's Development and Environment FS1Field Study 4. Write a narrative report and a brief 1. Observe two or more learners of reflection on your experience. different abilities but from the same grade or year level. Episode 5:INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND LEARNER’S INTERACTION (focusing on different levels of abilities)
  • 32. Your Tools Use the activity form provided for you to document your observations. An ObservedGuide for Individual Differences Read the following carefully before you begin to observe. Then write your observation report on the spaceprovided. 1. Observe the class to see the differences in abilities of the learners. 2. Try to identify the students who seem to be performing well and those that seem to be behind. 3. Validates your observations by asking the teacher about the background (family, socio-economic, presence of some learning disability, etc.) of these children. 4. Observe the behavior of both high achieving and low-achieving learners. Note heir dispositions, pace in accomplishing tasks, interaction with teacher, interaction with others. 5. Observe the teacher’s method in addressing the individual learning needs of the students in his/her class.
  • 33. As I have observed the kindergarten, I noticed their differnces in abilities. There are pupils who were smart or the high achievers in their class and there are also slow learners or the low achievers in the class. I have noticed or recognized a group of pupils whom I prefer to be the smart one. They compose of 3 boys and 1 girl. They are the one who always raised their hands every time the teacher asked a question. And they can answer it correctly most of the time. They perform very well in the class. On the other side, there are also group of students who were low achievers. They are mostly confident in raising their hands even though their answers were wrong. Luckily, those high achievers always tried to help them with the correct answer. As I asked the teacher about the background of these students, I learned that those high achievers pupils came from a well earned family while the low learners or achievers their family, most of them are less- fortunate and their parents are not fully supportive in terms of giving attention. The high achieving learners usually are the one who finish first during the class activities. They have good interactions with their teachers. They can answer the question easily. While the low learners they always doubted their answers for they are afraid of getting wrong. The teacher knows on how to encourage the student on how to answer the given questions that needs further clarification. OBSERVATION REPORT
  • 34. YOUR ANALYSIS 1. Did your observation match the information given by the teacher? Were you able to correctly identify who among the students performed well and who did not? What behavior helped you identify them? (volunteering to answer, responding to teacher’s directions, etc.) Yes, myobservation matched withthe information givenbythe teacher, and yes I wasableto correctly identifythe learnerwho is performing welland the students who are less performing. Volunteeringto answerand always responding to the teacher is the behaviorsthat help meidentifythem. 2. Describe the differences in ability levels of the students in the class. Is there a wide gap between the students who are performing well and those that are not. Yes, there is a widegapbetween the students whoare performing welland those who are not. Those who perform well in classhas the abilityto easily understand the lesson during the discussion, butthose who are low performing pupilsthey cannot relate muchduring the discussion. Students whoare not performing wellwill gain a low averagein their grades. 3. Describe the methods used by the teacher in handling the students’ differences in abilities. How did the students respond to the teacher? In handlingthe student’s differences in abilities, the teacher that I have observed treat them in different ways. She usuallygiveinstantattention to those pupilswhoare smartand after that she willcall the attention of those slow learner students, and talk to them in a nice waythat a child could easily understand. Teacheris very flexiblein handlingher pupils. Pupilswhowere slow learners willlisten attentivelyto whatthe teacher willsayand could easily get the teacher’s point.
  • 35. Your Reflections: 1. Recall the time when you were in the elementary or high school. Recall the high and low achievers in your class. How did your teacher deal with differences in abilities? Was your teacher effective? When I was in Grade 2, my teacher used rows as a label. Row 1 pupils are the fast learners; row 2 pupils are the average learners, row 3 pupils are the slow learners. We were usually grouped by how well our reading skills are. The teacher gives the fast learners one paragraph to read while the slow learners where given 2 or 3 sentences to read. My teachers in Elementary were strict and I remember corporal punishment was still practiced back then. I do not remember clearly the other styles that my teachers used to deal with the differences. Back in my high school days, each section was grouped homogeneously based on the grade. So I didn’t see a big gap among us in our section. Most of our teachers used discussion, lecture, reporting and role playing procedures. All of us took the same activities together. Maybe one of the main characteristics of meeting every type of learner’s needs is the fact that the learners do not notice that they are differently treated by their teacher because everyone wantsto be treated fairly. Yes, I could say that our teacher is effective because he can make us more attentive during classes and cooperative in times of discussion. He always knows how to understand usand he has his own way of showing it. 2. With the principle of individual differences in mind, what methods and strategies will you remember in the future to ensure that you will be able to meet the needs of both the high and low achievers in your class? As a future educationalist, I must get to know my students well. I can determine the correct method to use depending on the characteristics and abilities of my students.
  • 36. I will make sure to organize a teaching procedure that can adapt to all learning styles and make use of activities that will fit the needs of my students. I will also take a good idea and make it great for effective teaching. Aside from that I will make the activities they engage in inconspicuously fit their level of ability without being obvious that they are the weak ones in class so they won’t lose their confidence and enthusiasm during class activities. I also plan to utilize different types of motivational techniques because this is one of the main parts of my procedures in teaching. If I am successful in motivating my students then I am successful in letting them engagein learning.