S.S.T. Project onDiscrimination Against Women in India2012-2013D.A.V. Centenary Public SchoolSubmitted To:Mr. Shiv Kumar Tyagi SirSubmitted By:Guncha Xth C
AcknowledgementI am thankful to my teacher & all people who supportedme for my project. I have completed my presentationvery effectively with hard work . I am also grateful to myteacher Mr. Shiv Kumar Tyagi Sir . who gave me moralsupport and guided me different matter.My teacher was very kind and patient while suggestingme the topics of this presentation. .
IntroductionDiscrimination against girls and women in the developingworld is a devastating reality. It results in millions ofindividual tragedies, which add up to lost potential for entirecountries. Studies show there is a direct link between acountrys attitude toward women and its progress sociallyand economically. The status of women is central to thehealth of a society. If one part suffers, so does the whole.
Index Condition of Women in Earlier Time. Condition of Women in Modern Time. Ways in which Women are Discriminated. Measure formed by Government.
Condition of Women in Earlier Times The status of women in India has been subject to many great changes over the past fewmillennia. From equal status with men in ancient times through the low points of themedieval period, to the promotion of equal rights by many reformers, the history of womenin India has been eventful. The evolution of the status of women in India has been a continuous process of ups anddowns throughout history. For the purpose of depicting a brief survey of the changingposition and role of women in India throughout history, two broad periods are considered:(a) 2500 B.C-1500 B.C., and (b) 1500 B.C. - 1800 A.D. These divisions are based on degree of freedom that women enjoyed and the roledifferentiation within the family. Throughout classic literature on the status of women thereis almost consistent opinion among great scholars that during the age of Vedas (2500 -1500 B. C.) a womans status was equivalent to that of a man. Though it is difficult to specify the exact chronological time as to when the deterioration inwomans status started, one can state that gradual changes appeared during the age ofBrahamanas, 1500B.C. and by the age of Sutras and Epics, 500 B.C. to A.D. o 500 and theage of the later Srutis, A.D.500 to A.D. 1800 the status had deteriorated considerably.
Condition of Women in Modern TimeBefore the coming of the British in India the life of Indian womenwas rather oppressive, and they were subject to a constantprocess of subjugation and social oppression. The woman`s youthwas spent in the preparation of marriage and her entire life wasone dependant on the male members of her family. Added to thiswere various repressive social customs such as Sati, childmarriage, polygamy, lack of proper education and her confinementto the household. Historically, women experienced these rules andprescriptions differently depending on religion, caste, class, ageand their place in the family hierarchy. Though a few womenbecame educated, attained fame, and commanded armies, mostwere denied men`s opportunities to acquire knowledge, property,and social status.
Ways in which Women are DiscriminatedChildhood A principal focus of the middle years of childhood and adolescence is ensuringaccess to, and completion of, quality primary and secondary education. With a fewexceptions, it is mostly girls who suffer from educational disadvantage.Adolescence Among the greatest threats to adolescent development are abuse, exploitation andviolence, and the lack of vital knowledge about sexual and reproductive health,including HIV/AIDS. Specific areas that UNICEF highlighted were female genitalmutilation/cutting; child marriage and premature parenthood; sexual abuse,exploitation and trafficking; sexual and reproductive health; and HIV/AIDS.Adult A recent report from the Department of U.S. Labor showed that women today arepaid only 72 cents for every dollar a man earns. “Even more troubling -- the studyfound that at least one-third -- or about 11 cents -- of the pay gap is caused by paydiscrimination against women -- and this is 38 years after the Equal Pay Actbecame law." said Senator Tom Harkin.
Measures Formed by Goverenment This authority has ranged from overarching political control, suchas The Indian Act has also enabled the government to determinethe land base. The federal government had created the GradualEnfranchisement Act. In the 1970s, Aboriginal women beganorganizing to battle the discriminatory legislation. If a countrys government fails to adequately dispense goods toits population Coercive governmental measures like decreasingbenefits to a family with (as are being enacted in India (Reuters)can result in discrimination against female More recently,the government has considered using injection birth-control
Measures in Our Locality Swabhiman is a women developmentprogramme by Smile Foundation Indiain ...Women Cell and British Council, NewDelhi, India, Organizations, NGO, ... Thenagain,woman faces discrimination at herhome, starting from womb to tomb. Luxmi Women And Social DevelopmentSociety - NGO in Meerut is an societyagainst women discremination.
Our Contribution Social media is now an added tool for thedenigration of women actively pursuing theirown pleasure. While there are many situations where theseActs prove useful and empowering, theyultimately reinforce the stereotype of women asvictims.