World Aids Day 2013

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On the occasion of World Aids Day a lecture was held by BSN2 students in the presence of students from various Makassed schools.

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World Aids Day 2013

  1. 1. OUTLINE What is HIV?  HIV and the Immune System.  What is AIDS?  Stages of AIDS.  Transmission and Prevention.  Misconceptions about AIDS transmission.  Diagnosis and treatment.  Stigma and discrimination. 
  2. 2. AIDS IN THE WORLD  More than 35 million people now live with HIV/AIDS.  Only 3,600 in Lebanon (2012).  In 2012, an estimated 2.3 million people were newly infected with HIV.  Every day nearly 6,300 people contract HIV— nearly 262 every hour.
  3. 3. WHAT IS HIV?  H – Human – This particular virus can only infect human beings.  I – Immunodeficiency – HIV weakens your immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection.  V – Virus – A virus can only reproduce itself by taking over a cell in the body of its host.
  4. 4. HIV AND THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
  5. 5. HIV VS. AIDS
  6. 6. WHAT IS AIDS?  A – Acquired – AIDS is not something you inherit from your parents. You acquire AIDS after birth.  I – Immuno – Your body's immune system that work to fight off infection or disease.  D – Deficiency – You get AIDS when your immune system is "deficient "  S – Syndrome – A syndrome is a collection of symptoms and signs of disease(wide range of complications and symptoms).
  7. 7. A PERSON WITH HIV IS SAID TO HAVE AIDS WHEN HE OR SHE HAS:  A CD4 (T-cell) count less than 200.  One or more specific AIDS-related disease (Opportunistic Infections):
  8. 8. OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS
  9. 9. STAGES OF AIDS  "
  10. 10. HOW IS HIV/AIDS TRANSMITTED? 2% 11% Sexual transmission Unknown 17% Drugs 70% Prenatal
  11. 11. PREVENTION  Monogamy Mutual monogamy means to be faithful with only one partner.  Condoms When used consistently and correctly, condoms are highly effective in preventing HIV infection.  Don’t share needles, razors and blood contaminated equipments.  HIV+ women should avoid pregnancy.
  12. 12. MISCONCEPTIONS
  13. 13. HOW IS HIV/AIDS DIAGNOSED? Rapid HIV Testing.  ELISA Test.  Western Blot Test. 
  14. 14. WHAT IF I WAS DIAGNOSED AS HIV+?
  15. 15. IS THERE A TREATMENT FOR HIV/AIDS?
  16. 16. HOW IS HIV/AIDS TREATED?
  17. 17. POST EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS
  18. 18. IS THERE A VACCINE FOR HIV?  $845 million was spent on AIDS vaccine research in 2011.  Currently, there is no effective HIV vaccine but many research projects managing clinical trials seek to create one.
  19. 19. STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION
  20. 20. HISTORY OF STIGMA & DISCRIMINATION
  21. 21. WHY IS THERE STIGMA RELATED TO HIV/AIDS?  HIV/AIDS is a life-threatening disease.  HIV infection is associated with stigmatized behaviors in many societies.  Most people become infected through sexual relations.
  22. 22. ASPECTS OF STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION  Health care.  Employment.  Community.  Family.
  23. 23. NURSES AND HIV PATIENTS
  24. 24. MakassedUniversity MakassedUni
  25. 25. REFERENCES www.aids.gov  www.treathivnow.com  Brunner and Suddarth's Textbook of MedicalSurgical Nursing  www.cdc.gov  National AIDS control program magazine. 

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