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V.A.R.I.E.S. - Language and Humor Variation

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the Nilsens

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V.A.R.I.E.S. - Language and Humor Variation

  1. 1. 1 V.A.R.I.E.S. Language and Humor Variation by Don and Alleen Nilsen
  2. 2. 2 BASIC ASSUMPTIONS • There are various ways of saying basically the same thing, but the words we use tell stories about who we are. • Humorous language takes advantage of our differences. It’s often these very differences that make a joke funny. • Linguists use the S.P.E.A.K.I.N.G. or the V.A.R.I.E.S. models of language and humor variation to describe the important differences that are exhibited amongst speakers in our society.
  3. 3. 3 S.P.E.A.K.I.N.G. MODEL by John Gumpers and Dell Hymes • S-Setting • P-Participants • E-Ends • A-Act Sequence • K-Key Tone or Mood • I-Instrumentalities (writing vs. speech) • N-Norms (expectations of the situation) • G-Genre (e-mail, chant, research paper)
  4. 4. 4 V.A.R.I.E.S. MODEL by Don and Alleen Nilsen • V-VOCATIONAL JARGON AND HUMOR – Computer Guys, Doctors, Lawyers, Linguists, Teachers • A-AGE-RELATED LANGUAGE AND HUMOR – Children, Teenagers, Old People • R-REGIONAL LANGUAGE AND HUMOR – California, Canada, New York, South • I-INFORMAL OR FORMAL LANGUAGE AND HUMOR – Casual Acquaintances, Lovers, Friends, Relatives • E-ETHNIC LANGUAGE AND HUMOR – Blacks, Indians, Jews, Mexicans • S-SEX-RELATED LANGUAGE AND HUMOR – Males, Females, Lesbians, Gays
  5. 5. Vocational Humor: Anthropologist Humor 5
  6. 6. Business Humor 6
  7. 7. Computer Humor 7
  8. 8. Medical Humor 8
  9. 9. Lawyer Humor 9
  10. 10. Linguistic Humor 10
  11. 11. Literary Scholar Humor 11
  12. 12. Mathematician Humor 12
  13. 13. Psychologist Humor 13
  14. 14. Sociologist Humor 14
  15. 15. Teacher Humor 15
  16. 16. Age-Related Humor: Baby Humor 16
  17. 17. Children’s Humor 17
  18. 18. Teenager Humor 18
  19. 19. Old Person Humor 19
  20. 20. Really Old Person Humor 20
  21. 21. Regional Humor 21
  22. 22. American Dialect Society American Dialect Society: http://americandialect.org/ 22
  23. 23. Australian Humor Lost Baggage: http://www.bing.com/videos/search? q=youtube+australia+lost+baggage&view=detail&mid=C9207D3C358B582 8C7D8C9207D3C358B5828C7D8&FORM=VIRE 23
  24. 24. British Humor Accents and Archetypes of Great Britain: http://www.bing.com/videos/search? q=youtube+british+dialects&view=detail&mid=2DDBFA52A6AC272F4D9D 2DDBFA52A6AC272F4D9D&FORM=VIRE 24
  25. 25. New England Humor 25
  26. 26. Southern Humor 26
  27. 27. Surfer Dude Humor (California) 27
  28. 28. Valley Girl Humor (California) 28
  29. 29. Western Humor 29
  30. 30. Canadian Humor 30
  31. 31. Informal or Formal Humor: Intimate 31
  32. 32. Casual 32
  33. 33. Formal 33
  34. 34. Frozen In The Five Clocks, Martin Joos distinguished between five forms of communication: Intimate Casual Consultative Formal and Frozen 34
  35. 35. Ethnic Humor 35
  36. 36. Hispanic Humor Dia de Los Muertos 36
  37. 37. Asian Humor 37
  38. 38. Black Humor 38
  39. 39. Jewish Humor 39
  40. 40. Mormon Humor 40
  41. 41. Sex-Related Humor: Men’s Humor 41
  42. 42. Women’s Humor 42
  43. 43. Gay Humor 43
  44. 44. Lesbian Humor 44
  45. 45. Transvestite Humor 45
  46. 46. Now it’s your turn. Tell us some jokes that relate to the V.A.R.I.E.S. Model • V-VOCATIONAL JARGON – Computer Guys, Doctors, Lawyers, Linguists, Teachers • A-AGE-RELATED LANGUAGE – Children, Teenagers, Old People • R-REGIONAL LANGUAGE – California, Canada, New York, South • I-INFORMAL OR FORMAL LANGUAGE – Casual Acquaintances, Lovers, Friends, Relatives • E-ETHNIC LANGUAGE – Blacks, Indians, Jews, Mexicans • S-SEX-RELATED LANGUAGE – Males, Females, Lesbians, Gays 46

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