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  1. 1. SWINE FLU
  2. 2. GROUND ZEROThe origins of the swine flu
  3. 3. WHAT IS IT?Respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza
  4. 4. Swine viruses mutate over time causing small changes to proteins on their surface called antigens. If the immune system has met a particular strain of the virus before, it is likely to have some immunity; but if the antigens are new to the immune system, it will be weakened.
  5. 5. The name “swine flu” is a slight misnomer as it is believed pigs acted as a mixing pot for several flu strains, containing genetic material from pigs, birds and humans. Most humans have never been exposed to some of the antigens involved in the new strain of flu, giving it the potential to cause a pandemic.
  6. 6. The new virus has made the jump from pigs to humans and has demonstrated it can also pass from human to human. This is why it is demanding so much attention from health authorities. The virus passes from human to human like other types of flu.
  7. 7. WHAT’S IN A NAME?Arguments to call the flu as “H1N1 virus”
  8. 8. PHASE 5The current phase of the flu
  9. 9. STRATEGIESStrategic Approaches 2• Early recognition/reporting • Protective Gear • Management of public panic • Use of anti-viral agents • Infection control • Quarantine of contacts 1 • Passenger entry/exit management • Border control • Quarantine of contacts • Isolation • Management of cases • Social distancing • Personal hygiene • Management of public panic 3
  10. 10. THE CUREMedications to control the spread of H1N1
  11. 11. SYMPTOMSHow do you know if you have swine flu?
  12. 12. CASESHow widespread is the disease? According to WHO data dated April 29, 2009 91in the United States 26 in Mexico 13 in Canada 4in Spain 5 in the UK 3in New Zealand 7deaths came from Mexico Germany 3 2Israel * 1 death in the U.S.
  13. 13. CASESHow widespread is the disease?
  14. 14. THE HYPEAre we unprepared? • The Bureau of Quarantine has already instituted precautionary measures in major ports and possible entry points in the country.
  15. 15. The DOH Referral Hospitals for Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) have also been primed to ready their facilities to receive patients confirmed or suspected to have been infected with the novel swine flu virus. These referral centers include the Research Institute of Medicine (RITM), the San Lazaro Hospital and the Lung Center of the Philippines, all of which are equipped with negative pressure isolation rooms for managing patients infected with highly virulent and pathogenic microorganisms. THE HYPEAre we unprepared?
  16. 16. SECURITYIn case of travel
  17. 17. STEPS YOU CAN TAKEWhat do I do to keep from getting the flu?
  18. 18. Thank you!