PRIMACY STUDIES
Maitreyi.Y 12AR60R21
Somreeta Das 12AR60R35
DYNAMICS OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS
ANDHRA PRADESH
The urban system of any region is characterised by the dominance of one
city which is called 'primate city'. Primacy is pr...
Andhra Pradesh
Developing Urban System in Andhra Pradesh
1. Hyderabad Urban region covering
Telangana area
2. Vijayawada-G...
Demographics
CITY / TOWN POPULATION RANK
Hyderabad 68,09,970 1
Vishakapatnam 17,30,320 2
Vijayawada 14,91,202 3
Warangal 7...
Andhra Pradesh
Source: (1991) (2001) (2011) Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner
Analysis for Primacy: City Ranks in 1971 and 2011
Annexure 8.1. Source: Census of India, Government of India
6809970
17303...
Analysis for Primacy: Log Linear Relationship for 1971 & 2011 data
Annexure 8.1. Source: Census of India, Government of In...
Inferences
-It is observed that the population of the Capital city of Hyderabad is much
higher than the second and third r...
Thank You
References
 Annexure 8.1. Source: Census of India, Government of India
 Census of India Website
 (1991) (2001...
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Primacystudies andhra pradesh

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Primacystudies andhra pradesh

  1. 1. PRIMACY STUDIES Maitreyi.Y 12AR60R21 Somreeta Das 12AR60R35 DYNAMICS OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS ANDHRA PRADESH
  2. 2. The urban system of any region is characterised by the dominance of one city which is called 'primate city'. Primacy is present when the largest city is twice the population of the one that is second in the rank. A country's leading city is always disproportionately large and exceptionally expressive of national capacity and feeling. The primate city is commonly at least twice as large as the next largest city and more than twice as significant. - Mark Jefferson, 1939 Primacy exists when a system of small towns and cities is dominated by one large city (Jefferson, M. 1939). G. K. Zipf (1949) gave a mathematical explanation to the law of primate city. It is called rank-size rule. According to this if all towns in a region are arranged in descending order by population, the size of the town is 1/r the size of the largest town, according to the series 1, 1/2,1/ 3, 1/4........ 1/r. PRIMACY STUDIES
  3. 3. Andhra Pradesh Developing Urban System in Andhra Pradesh 1. Hyderabad Urban region covering Telangana area 2. Vijayawada-Guntur region covering the Delta areas of Coastal Andhra 3. Vishakhapatnam Urban region covering Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and Vishakhapatnam. 4. Kurnool-Nellore Urban region which covers entire Rayalaseema region. Population (2011) Total 84,655,533 Density 310/km 2 (800/sq mi) HDI 0.572 (medium) HDI rank 20th (2005)
  4. 4. Demographics CITY / TOWN POPULATION RANK Hyderabad 68,09,970 1 Vishakapatnam 17,30,320 2 Vijayawada 14,91,202 3 Warangal 7,59,594 4 Nellore 5,64,148 5 Rajamundry 4,78,199 6 Guntur 4,71,100 7 Tirupati 4,59,985 8 Kakinada 4,42,936 9 Vizianagaram 2,39,374 10 2011Census CITY / TOWN POPULATION RANK Hyderabad 16,12,276 1 Vishakapatnam 3,63,467 2 Vijayawada 3,34,000 3 Warangal 2,07,520 5 Nellore 1,13,600 8 Rajamundry 1,89,000 6 Guntur 2,69,900 4 Tirupati 71,700 10 Kakinada 1,64, 200 7 Vizianagaram 86,500 9 1971Census
  5. 5. Andhra Pradesh Source: (1991) (2001) (2011) Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner
  6. 6. Analysis for Primacy: City Ranks in 1971 and 2011 Annexure 8.1. Source: Census of India, Government of India 6809970 1730320 1491202 759594 564148 478199 471100 459985 442936 239374 0 2000000 4000000 6000000 8000000 1612276 363467 334000 269900 207520 189000 164200 113600 86500 71700 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 CITY RANK AS PER POPULATION PROMOTION / DEMOTION 1971 2011 Hyderabad 1 1 Vishakhapatnam 2 2 Vijaywada 3 3 Warangal 5 4 Nellore 8 5 Rajahmundry 6 6 Guntur 4 7 Tirupati 10 8 Kakinada 7 9 Vizianagaram 9 10 Populationofcities Populationofcities 1971 2011
  7. 7. Analysis for Primacy: Log Linear Relationship for 1971 & 2011 data Annexure 8.1. Source: Census of India, Government of India 6.207439 5.560465 5.523746 5.431203 5.31706 5.276462 5.215373 5.055378 4.937016 4.855519 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6.8331452 6.2381264 6.17353655.8805815 5.7513931 5.6796087 5.6731131 5.6627437 5.646341 5.379077 0 2 4 6 8 The primacy index can be calculated by the following formula: PI = C1/ (C1 + C2 + C3 + C4) * 100 In 1971, PI= 16,12,276/(16,12,276+ 3,63,467+ 3,34,000 + 2,07,520)*100 = 64 > 50 In 2011, PI= 68,09,970/(68,09,970+17,30,320+14,91,202+7,59,59 4)*100 = 63.1 > 50. Hence, Hyderabad is a Primate City Vishakapatnam, Vijayawada and cities from the other growth regions do not follow the rank size rule. The order of primacy is much higher as compared to the ideal condition. 1971 2011
  8. 8. Inferences -It is observed that the population of the Capital city of Hyderabad is much higher than the second and third rank cities (almost 4 times). - Post Independence, Hyderabad gained prominence from Telangana region only. - After formation of AP in 1956, there was a considerable shift from Andhra and Rayalaseema regions towards Hyderabad where many industries were setup and scope for job opportunities were higher. - Yet, Vishakapatnam retained its pace of growth being an important port town along the eastern coast. - Vijayawada became a secondary centre for development as it emerged as an important railway junction connecting northern and southern parts of the country. Also it is an important commercial centre for the Andhra region. - Similarly, Nellore is growth centre of Rayalaseema region. -Guntur, Vizianagaram and Kakinada portrayed a decline in population growth rate (relative) owing to the presence of higher order cities of Vijayawada and Vishakhapatnam in their vicinity. - In future, if a new state of Telangana emerges, it shall result in the development of Vijayawada and Vishakapatnam , as probable capitals for the state of AP. The speculations have triggered a population rise in these regions already. It is visible from the real estate pricing boom in these areas.
  9. 9. Thank You References  Annexure 8.1. Source: Census of India, Government of India  Census of India Website  (1991) (2001) (2011) Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner  Census of India – 1931, 1971  Provisional Population Tables 1991  Mongabay.com

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