Critical Analysis of the Planning scenario in Hyderabad City


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Critical Analysis of the Planning scenario in Hyderabad City

  2. 2. GEOGRAPHY TOPOGRAPHY: Hyderabad is located in the north-western part of Andhra Pradesh and lies on the banks of the Musi River in the northern part of the Deccan plateau in Southern India. Area : 650 km2 (250 sq mi), Average Altitude : 1,778 feet (542 m) above mean sea level (MSL) •Hyderabad is blessed with a unique landscape – spectacular rock formations which are about 2,500 million years old. •Rocky and hilly regions around the city are under obliteration for urbanization. Granite ridges and hillocks weathered into picturesque balancing forms are a part of the Deccan Shield area. •The topography is undulating. • Grey and Pink Granites are among the world's oldest. Crops are commonly grown in the surrounding paddy fields. •Mainly red sandy with areas of black cotton soil. •Hyderabad falls in the seismic zone-I and is seismically least exposed to earthquakes •Numerous clusters of hills of minor importance. Source: Indian Journal of Science and Technology , Vol. 3 No. 4 (Apr. 2010) Evaluation of physical characteristics using geomatics: a case study
  3. 3. Timeline Significant Event Implications 1518 Qutb Shahis of Golconda became independent Re-structuring of Golconda against the mud structure 1518-1687 Shifting of palace from Golconda to Southern side of Musi City Planning, Iconic Charminar 1687-1724 Influence of Mughal rulers Mughal influence on architecture and planning features 1724-1740 defend Marathas Building of City walls 1763 Rise of Asaf Jahi rulers maximum construction activity 1798 Subsidiary Alliance for Military and political cooperation signed between Nizam and East India Company North side occupied by British Cantonment – Birth of Secunderabad European style of construction 1908 Flood HISTORY The historic city established by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah on the southern banks of the Musi River exists as the “Old City", while the "New City" encompasses the urbanized area on the northern banks. The old and new cities are connected by many bridges that cross the river, of which "Purana pul" is the oldest. Hyderabad is twined with neighbouring Secunderabad, and the cities are separated through the Hussain Sagar lake. Both the cities come under the ambit of a single municipal unit of Greater Hyderabad. CONGESTED CITY OF GOLCONDA BRITISH CANTONMENT NEW CITY: CHARMINAR
  4. 4. Timeline Significant Event Implications 1912 City Improvement Board 1911-1948 Osman Ali Khan Asaf Jah VII cultural, economic and administrative reforms Monumental architecture for major administrative structures 1947-1950 Post Independence 1956 Division of state on linguistic basis Establishment of certain government offices 1960-1980 Inflow of Telugu’s to the city Growth of Multi-nucleated city. Commercial plazas 1990 Globalisation Private commercial firms 1995 Rising IT Revolution Large scale buildings to accommodate the IT boom. 2000-2012 World Class Information Technology Location Buildings that follow the universal style HISTORY Hyderabad is a historic city and is famed for its monuments, temples, churches, masjids, and bazaars. A large number of factors have influenced and shaped the character of the city in the last 400 years. Its location on the crossroads of North and South India, has developed the city layer by layer, and the result is a culmination of cultures. The old city can, thus, be identified as to have inculcated an ORGANIC form of development, whereas the new city is being planned radially with precision.
  5. 5. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 hindu muslim christians others COMMUNITY PROFILE Religious/ Ethnic Grouping Political Impact on Communities • Political scene of Nizam rule •Post-Independence politics •Formation of new state of AP •Migration Effects Major languages spoken are Telugu, Urdu, Hindi, and English.
  6. 6. POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Literacy Rate Population growth rate of Hyderabad district was 4.71 percent during the decade. Decadal Growth rates in HUA 65 70 75 80 85 83.7 72.9 Male literacy Female literacy Demographics
  7. 7. POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Average density of Hyderabad district is 18,480 per sq. km in 2011 compared to 17,649 of 2001. The rates of growth of population experienced by HUA during 1991 and 2001 will continue in future though at a lesser rate. The projections indicate that the metropolitan area would house a population of 136.44 lakhs in 2021 including the population of the city. Components of Growth National Census, Hyderabad is 5.53 million. Five-fold multiplication in 50 years.
  8. 8. Area Urban Spread of erstwhile MCH via a vis total HMDA area Population( 2001 census) of erstwhile MCH area vis a vis total HMDA population POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Area Urban Spread of erstwhile MCH via a vis total GHMC area Population( 2001 census) of erstwhile MCH area vis a vis total GHMC population
  9. 9. • Pharma industry - Dominant player of the manufacturing sector • The "bulk drug" capital of the country - large number of bulk drug units accounting for about 30-35% of the total production in India Manufacturing sector includes activities as disparate as the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, electronic goods and other industrial products. Largest contributor to the State’s gross domestic product, state taxes and excise revenues The economy of Hyderabad is witnessing a transformation from traditional manufacturing towards a knowledge based economy. Economic and financial capital of Andhra Pradesh ECONOMIC BASE Farm sector registers negative growth rate REGION/DISTRICT URBANIZATION (IN %) % SHARE OF AGRI. IN TOTAL WORKERS PER HECTARE AGRI. OUTPUT (INR’000) ANDHRA PRADESH 27.3 62.2 24.6 RANGAREDDY 54.2 40.5 14.6 MEDAK 14.4 67.7 19.5 HYDERABAD 100 1.7 -- Manufacturing and associated facilities, are concentrated in Ramachandrapuram, Patancheru, Balanagar, Uppal, Cherlapalli, Jeedimetla, and Moula Ali. Contribution of these developments: • Economic growth of the city • Spatial growth, particularly the growth of the surrounding areas The tertiary or service sector has emerged as the single largest employer and will continue to grow as the dominant sector in the future.
  10. 10. ECONOMIC BASE The old city has suffered a decline and the peripheral areas have begun to play a more dominant role in growth and employment generation. This is reflected in their significantly higher demographic expansion rate. Economic growth centres of Hyderabad Key Characteristics of the Hyderabad IT & ITeS- BPO cluster • 34% of the companies earn more than 50% of their revenue from the international market • Healthcare & life science(catered by majority of pvt. ltd. companies), government & defense and BFSI are the top 3 preferred verticals • 40% of the companies established between 1990 & 2000 Key beneficial factors - Manpower training and technology Key hindrances - Funding and taxes & duties The knowledge sector Corridor consists of: • IT & IT enabled services • Biotechnology and medical sciences • Industrial technologies To tap the investments in the biotechnology sector •Biotech Park being set up to focus on research for industrial production. •Thrust areas-vaccines, bio-informatics, seeds etc. • One of the fastest growing IT cities of the country • Phenomenal growth of exports year after year, achieving an annual growth rate of more than 80% during the last decade. • Mega IT hub with top 500 IT companies having their presence
  11. 11. WORKFORCE CHARACTERISTICS WORKFORCE PARTICIPATION RATE FOR HMA • Stable over the past three decades – 29% • 32.85% in 1961 • 28.91% in 1981 • 28.99% in 1991 • Comparable with many premier cities Census 1991: •Total work force in hyderabad development area (HDA) - 13.53 lakhs •Urban work force- 90% of the total workforce •Dominance of urban centres in the metropolitan area District Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP) District Per Capita Income (Rs. Crores) 2000-01 2007-08 2000-01 2007-08 Medak 6334 14154 20490 42052 Ranga Reddy 7950 21552 19713 43400 Hyderabad 10188 25272 22914 51856 Andhra Pradesh 144723 326548 17195 35600 The tertiary or service sector - more than 72% of the total city’s workforce in 1991 •IT sector •Bio-technology •Tourism Identified as future growth engines 1/4th of the population are migrants (1981-91) and the reason for migration for 1/3rd of them are employment
  12. 12. ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES & FUTURE PROSPECTS GoAP is focussing on tourism acknowledging the vast potential of the sector • Hyderabad promoted as a major tourist destination • Initiatives taken in developing it as a major transit hub between Europe and Far East Future Growth plans for IT Sector Companies Strategies envisaged for future growth plans: • Diversification • Entering new markets • Developing new marketing initiatives • Acquisition Tourist arrivals in Hyderabad – 1,755,057 (Indians) 43,526 (Foreigners) per year Development of: •Hardware Park •Knowledge Park •Financial district Hyderabad’s competitiveness is high, compared to other metro cities Can attract more investors in the knowledge sector OPPORTUNITY International airport, Outer Ring Road and proposed new townships along ORR Initiatives towards promotion of IT sector • Setting up of IT training institutes, • Development of a hitech city, • E-governance initiatives, • Encouraging private sector presence in the city’s software technology park THREATS City may experience gap between various income groups of people due to high concentration of high technology industries
  13. 13. NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND ITS INVENTORYHyderabad metropolitan area is located on the ridge of two major river basins, Godavari- and Krishna-river. The undulating topography of Hyderabad and its environs formed a number of natural and water bodies. In addition, numerous tanks, meant for irrigation, drinking needs were built, and they have become the major sources of water supply. (Osman Sagar, Himayat Sagar, Manjira) Water bodies in the Hyderabad Metropolitan region. Hussain Sagar Lake Himayat Sagar Osman Sagar Durgamma Cheruvu The Musi River is a tributary of Krishna River in the Deccan Plateau region. It flows through a major portion of Hyderabad and divides the historic old city from the new city. With only 60% of the area covered by the sewerage system, the domestic and industrial discharges finally end up in the water bodies, particularly in River Musi. through 64 sewage outlets making the river, the city’s main sewer line. Disappearance of Groundwater and Groundwater pollution
  14. 14. NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND ITS INVENTORY Master Plan guidelines for •Environmentally sensitive zones: 2300 sq kms •Bio‐Conservation zone around drinking water lakes: 160 Sq kms protected •More than 20% Total Area around under Blue and Green use zones –Development Control / Promotion – Mandatory provision for greenery in layouts and buildings – Property Tax Incentives for • Rainwater Harvesting • Solar Power usage – At City Level overall Emphasis given to Conservation of Natural Resources in the planning process. • Natural and man made water bodies , Forest areas/ Vegetation • Peri‐Urban Agricultural areas • Rock/Geological Formations • Conservation of Ground water/Surface Water • Rainwater Harvesting
  15. 15. NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND ITS INVENTORY Only city that has declared rock formations under heritage sites Prior to 1995, only 4.5% of geographical area of HUDA was under green cover. In the past 16years, the green cover has increased to 26% (including water bodies) – Hyderabad Green Belt Project (1994‐2000) • bringing 5687 ha of open spaces under green cover. – Green Hyderabad Environment Programme (GHEP) (2002‐2006) • bringing 19336 ha of open spaces under green cover. • an additional area of 12100 hectares under green cover besides conserving and treating 87 lakes in and around Hyderabad with active stakeholder participation.
  16. 16. URBAN SPACES & ENVIRONMENT Highlights of Hyderabad Metropolitan Area The ‘City of Lakes’ is also acquiring the image of ‘Garden City’ & ‘Green City’. • The Green fly-over concept introduced for the first time in India. • Making use of the existing landscape and natural rocky out crops, 15 rockeries are being developed in the 2.1 kms stretch. • Landscaped gardens parks and recreation areas have also been developed around the lakes, along the roads etc. which falls within BPPA area. :LEGISLATION : AP Water & Trees Act2002 and Rules 1. Ground Water Protection Measures 2. Surface Water Protection Measures 3. Tree Protection Measures
  17. 17. HOUSING CONDITION The prime focus of all plans is towards provision of the basic necessity of shelter for the poor and the weaker sections of the society. Concept of Housing changed from “Physical entity” to a “Social Problem”. Source: All Five Year Plans and CDP Slum population in HUA is heterogeneous in character - with Hindus, Muslims and Christians having migrated from different neighboring districts, which once formed part of the erstwhile Nizam's dominion.
  18. 18. HOUSING CONDITION AND FUTURE NEED “The other side of the coin!!” Source: All Five Year Plans and CDP The National slum development programme (NSDP), VAMBAY, RajivGruha Kalpa, Indiramma are few schemes for urban poor, where housing is provided. Deterioration of infrastructure created by investments under various slum improvement programs due to inadequate maintenance, finance and direction in the post-project phase resulting in poor quality of service. The provision of housing for urban poor is the responsibility of Andhra Pradesh State Housing Corporation. It is estimated that about 2.0 lakh families need housing as they fall under EWS category with a break up of 1.3 lakhs in MCH area and 0.7 lakh in the surrounding municipalities. It is proposed to construct group housing with G+3 structures with each house occupying an area of 286 sq.ft. Hyderabad housing in recent time (2010 onwards) has become more modern than the other ages. The beautiful landscapes, sites, include excellent housing facilities. Houses in Hyderabad have become excellent infrastructure for gated communities, villas, hyper cities. Hyderabad is clearly yet to recover from real- estate recession.
  19. 19. COMMUNITY FACILITIES 60 multi-specialty Hospitals - Osmania General Hospital, Gandhi Hospital, CARE, Mediciti, Apollo, L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Nizams Institute of Medical Science(NIMS) etc., Hyderabad is an important seat of learning in southern India attracting students from all over India and some international students (Africa and the Middle East) • 2 central universities, 3 deemed universities, and 6 state universities. • Osmania University is one of the oldest universities in India. • Institutes for technical education JNTU, IIIT and medical colleges are located there • Other- Indian School of Business, Institute of Public Enterprise and the National Academy of Legal Studies & Research (NALSAR)
  20. 20. For 2020, plans exist to launch an ambitious inter-basin transfer project that will take 25 MCM from the Godavari. • There is a deficit of nearly 10% of the total demand • The projected deficit is projected to increase to 15% by 2011 and 32.5% by 2021 • Network coverage of 90% in the old MCH area and only 65% in surrounding areas ULBs. • Lack of effective catchment management • Frequency of water supply ranges from 1 ½ hrs to 2 hrs every alternate day in MCH area and 1 hr every alternate day in surrounding municipalities. • High amounts of physical loses due to old transmission and distribution network • Exorbitant Illegal connections. • Unregulated abstractions of ground water leading to falling of ground water levels PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE - WATER
  21. 21. PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE The Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (HMWSSB) is a statutory authority in charge of providing and maintaining water supply and sewerage facilities in Hyderabad and surrounding municipalities. Hyderabad’s current estimated demand stands at 290 mgd, whereas installed capacity is 245 mgd. The estimated ground water extraction that supplements water supply is 25 mgd. The huge gap between demand and supply is likely to only widen by 2021 when it is estimated that 400 mgd is required. The Sewerage System for Hyderabad and Secunderabad cities was constructed in the year 1931 and remodelled in 1985. The system is connected to main intercepting sewers one each on the North and South side of River Musi. Sewage Distribution Network Sources of Water Supply
  22. 22. Proposals in the City Master Plan-2031: • 10 new flyovers • 13 new bridges • 7 new under bridges • multi-parking facilities PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
  23. 23. GoAP formed a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for development of Outer Ring Road (ORR) named “Hyderabad Growth Corridor Limited” Equity participation: •INCAP 26% (originally 40%) •HUDA 74% (originally 60%) • 159 km long Orbital linkage decongesting traffic flow on the existing major (radial) arterials to by-pass the Hyderabad city • Quick access to the Airport from Strategic parts of the city • Connects new urban nodes (Hi- Tech city , Games village, lIlT, ISB, Hardware Park, Singapore Township Financial district etc.) • Road -cum- area development project - Creates options for development of further satellite townships PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE – OUTER RING ROAD • 8-lane divided carriageway • Design life of 20 years INR 500 Crore INR 2500 Crore 4- lane - Inadequate • Proposed MRTS and Bus system linkage
  24. 24. CURRENT AND FUTURE LAND USE PATTERN Land Use Classification result for 1989 Land Use Classification result for 2000 Land Use Classification result for 2005 Land Use Classification result for 2010 *LANDSAT Satellite images ** Vegetation includes agricultural • Low population density area was increasing up to 2005 but has decreased in 2010 due to its conversion into HPDA • Vegetation shows decreasing trend up to 2005 after which it has increased slightly because of government’s policy of conversion of some areas into new parks.
  25. 25. CURRENT AND FUTURE LAND USE PATTERN Revision of Master Plan- 2020 Advocates clustering of developed areas for a compact development instead of a sparse development, which is currently being witnessed •promotes corridor development •Precautions - controls, access and services •need for planning for services and industrial areas •Future expansions to be accommodated within or around the current developments Before 1991s •Along transport corridors •Slow densification 1991-2001s •Rapid densification •Around industrial sites 2001-2020 •Saturation of MCH •Higher growth in HUA Future projections 1. Residential area to increase by 133% in next 15 years 2. Commercial area to increase 21 times 3. Conservation/ agriculture area to decrease by 60% consequently • Residential area 44% • 12% under open ground and agriculture • Mixed use around 6.2 %. • Area under roads around 7% • Successive industrial policies encourage shifting of industrial units from the city • Changes in industrial land-use (as per ZDP) decreased
  26. 26. LAND USE REGULATION AND SUB-DIVISION CONTROL •The residential zone is deliberately over designed so that there should be no justification for converting agricultural or conservation zones. • The ROW of major roads ranges from 30 to 90 m. • In order to induce the private sector to provide smaller residential sites for low-income groups, the layout regulations provide attractive incentives to developers. •The ‘free’ common areas are merged with FAR permitted. The Regulation provides gross FAR values. In order to decongest the Central Areas, relatively higher FARs are proposed in the outskirts. The Draft Master Plan contains the following Land Use Zones: 1. Residential Use zone Existing Village Sites /settlements (as per Draft Plan) Residential Areas 2. Commercial Use Zone Commercial cum Offices Commercial Cum Housing* 3.Public and Semi-Public Use Zone (includes computer software units on individual plots) 4. Manufacturing Zone 5. Recreational Use Zone 6. Water Bodies Zone 7. Transportation Use Zone
  27. 27. LAND USE REGULATION AND SUB-DIVISION CONTROL Some of the key tools of development control adopted in cities and towns in Andhra Pradesh include: ƒ Land use Control Sub-division Control ƒ Height Control Plot Coverage Control ƒ Set back Control Floor Area Ratio Control ƒ Density Control Parking Control ƒ Building Line Control Architectural Control ƒ Advertisement Control ƒOther Controls such as Tree Preservation Control, Right of Way/Access Control, Environmental Control, etc. •The Layout standards also contain incentives for large layouts, so that bigger roads and open spaces can be formed. •Special Commercial Zones, which are proposed along Highways, Ring roads, Radial Roads and Express ways (upto a depth of 90 m after right of way of the road) wherever indicated in the plan; are conditional. • All ponds and water bodies are made special reservations with at least 30m buffer zone. • A comprehensive regulation for Conservation of natural and man made heritage is put forth as the integral part of Master Plan. • The concept of TDR is introduced for heritage conservation. • The Master plan insists provision of Rain Water Harvesting Arrangements and Plantation of trees for building constructions and layouts.
  28. 28. ZONING – administrative boundaries
  29. 29. DESIGN APPEARANCE OF HYDERABAD The Urban Expression of the city in TRANSITION Establishment of Commercial Precinct for trade enchancement Mughal Invasion led to Influence on façade character-making presence at the prime location Colonial character – an infusion By the British settlement Intensification of trade activities by providing scope and more area Indo-Sarcenic architecture as a result of political security for the Asaf Jah dynasty, with the treasury at full disposal. Structures meant for trading with the growth of industries (influx from Andhra region) Effect of Globalisation – IT Revolution Boom of IT sector and Pharmaceuticals. Place Hyderabad on the international map
  31. 31. URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS THE EXPANDING CITY BEFORE 1991: Slow densification of loosely built up areas along major transport corridors in the past. 1991 – 2001: Recent Past Rapid densification of areas around Industrial Sites. 2001-2020 : Present Trend Saturation of the MCH region. HUA to experience higher growth due to new initiatives. 70% Decadal Growth Rate 19.2% Decadal Growth Rate
  32. 32. THE EXPANDING CITY – jurisdiction of HMDA region Core Vs Periphery • Keep the core compact and efficient • Connect the periphery with the core •Dis‐incentivise peripheral sprawl. • Incentives for Peripheral Nodal Development. •Link development with infrastructure provision •Incremental Infrastructure Development Strategy • Conserve all natural resources in core as well as periphery •Identify no development zones. • Demarcate least fertile lands for development. •Provide infrastructure and economic incentives to that zone • Rural Development to go along with urban development to reduce migration. The ring and radial development of road network, (radiating out from the nerve centre of modern Hyderabad). Counter magnets for central area decongestion, future major work centres, and higher order facilities are proposed to be located adjacent to or within easy reach of the above mentioned main transportation network.
  33. 33. HISTORIC BUILDINGS GRID IRON PLAN MAJOR HERITAGE STRUCTURES FOR CONSERVATION ENLISTED IN THE CDP GOLCONDA QUTB SHAHI TOMBS MECCA MASJID FALAKNAMA PALACE Hyderabad City contains innumerable archaeological, historical, educational and recreational places of interest. HUDA has notified heritage structures and precincts within the City owned by both public and private agencies. Focus was also given to protect rock formations, and hillocks, which are unique to the city. It is proposed to develop these areas as no development zones to preserve the rich cultural heritage of the city.
  34. 34. TRANSPORTATION AND CIRCULATION THE VISION (of Transportation and Traffic Dept.) To provide with the safe and reliable transport system that is sustainable , environmental friendly and to improve the share and quality of public transport service that would improve the traffic management. Growth Trend of Vehicle Population Transportation issues have assumed critical importance due to rapid growth. Since the proportionate road length in the HMA area has been almost static, traffic congestion has increased leading to endless transportation gridlocks. Bus Fleet Rail Auto Private 42% 2% 10% 46%
  35. 35. TRANSPORTATION AND CIRCULATION Vehicular Peak Hour Volume (PCU/hour) Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Region Begumpet Link Chaderghat Link SR Nagar Link Charminar Link Mehdipatnam Link Lakdikapul Link Khairtabad Link Mahavir Marg Internal – Internal Trips De-congesting through flyovers, one ways.
  36. 36. TRANSPORTATION AND CIRCULATION No. of buses and passenger trips by APSRTC in Hyderabad Thus, it is evident that Buses form the important Mass Rapid Transport System in Hyderabad. A fleet of 4% carries 42% of the people. APSRTC -
  37. 37. CIRCULATION Analysis of Existing Public Transit Demand on the Network Mass Transit Demand Analysis for Principal Origin-Destination Nodes Public transit’s predominance has been slipping in recent years due to issues relating to reliability, cost, and travel time. If the current trends continue, there will be further decline in bus ridership, an increase in use of personal vehicles, an increase in traffic congestion, and an increase in emissions from the motor vehicle sector.
  38. 38. TRANSPORTATION AND CIRCULATION MMTS(Multi-Modal Transport System) L & T Metro Miyapur to LB Nagar 28 kms JBS –MGBS-Falaknama Shilparamam-Nagole Valued at INR 164 Billion, this Public-Private Partnership (PPP) project is being executed in a Design-Build- Finance-Operate-and-Transfer (DBFOT) basis. The concession period is 35 years, with an entitlement of further 25 years. Integrated urban transport planning using inter-modal connectivity and convenient sky-walks Movement of Traffic into the core and outside through the National Highways.
  39. 39. URBAN GOVERNANCE Urban local bodies in the state are governed by two important legislations viz., Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act 1955 and the Andhra Pradesh Municipalities Act 1965. The former Act extends to all the 14 municipal corporations in the city and the latter applies to all the municipalities. The Acts specify the governance framework, the spatial jurisdiction and the functional domain of the local bodies. Apart from the local bodies, a number of government institutions are associated with the governance of the HUA. They include: State government Agencies: • Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department • Directorate of Municipal Administration (DMA) • Directorate of Town and Country Planning (DTCP) • Public Health Engineering Department (PHED) •Medical and Health Department Revenue Department • Andhra Pradesh Urban Services for the Poor (APUSP) • Social Welfare Department • R&B Department • Home Department Parastatals: •Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Supply and sewerage Board (HMWSSB) • Hyderabad Urban Development Authority (HUDA) • Quli Qutb shah Urban Development Authority (QQSUDA) • Cyberabad Development Authority (CDA) • Buddha Purnima Project Authority (BPPA) • Hyderabad Airport Development Authority (HADA) • AP State Highways Authority • AP State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) • AP Transmission Corporation (AP Transco) • AP Housing Board (APHB) • AP Pollution Control Board (APPCB) • AP Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (APIIC)
  41. 41. INCOME/ EXPENDITURE 11.44% 7% Source: CDP
  42. 42. CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM The Financial resources for implementation is proposed to be raised by way of: i. External Betterment Charges, ii. Value Addition Charges, iii. Premium on FAR, iv. Realistic levels of Property Taxes and v. Other user charges. Financial outlay for implementing roads and other infrastructure is estimated at Rs. 30,000 Crores.
  44. 44. Challenges remain for Hyderabad • Ever Increasing Population • Pressure on Infrastructure – Large parts of the city do not have underground sewerage system/piped water supply – Large scale leakage/pilferage of water – Large scale leakage/pilferage of power – Lack of storm water drainage system/Wastage of rain water • Public Transport share of trips is only around 40%. This should be around 70% • Civic Bodies are not efficiency oriented. Need overhaul. Emerging Concerns of Spatial Growth The following are the emerging key concerns that need to be addressed: -- Need for a coordinated strategy to disperse economic activities in a sustainable manner -- Spatial plan needs integration with infrastructure and services -- Housing stock for the poor
  45. 45. MAITREYI.Y 12AR60R21 | R. ISWARYA 12AR60R20 | SHAFIQUR RAHMAN 12AR60R19