Nstp report

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Nstp report

  1. 1. Basic First Aid
  2. 2. First Aid <ul><li>Is an immediate care given to a person who has been injured or suddenly taken ill. </li></ul><ul><li>It includes self-help and home care if medical assistance is not available or delayed. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Roles of a First Aider <ul><li>Bridge that fills the gap between the victim and the physician. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure safety of him/herself and that of bystanders. </li></ul><ul><li>Gain access to the victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Determine any threats to the patient’s life. </li></ul><ul><li>Summon advanced medical care as needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide needed care for the patient. </li></ul><ul><li>Assist advanced personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>Record all finding and care given to the patient. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Objectives of First Aid <ul><li>To alleviate suffering </li></ul><ul><li>To prevent added/further injury or danger </li></ul><ul><li>To prolong life </li></ul>
  5. 5. Characteristics of a Good First Aider <ul><li>Gentle – should not cause pain </li></ul><ul><li>Resourceful – should make the best use of things at hand </li></ul><ul><li>Observant – should notice all signs. </li></ul><ul><li>Tactful – should not alarm the victim </li></ul><ul><li>Empathetic – should be comforting </li></ul><ul><li>Respectable – should maintain a professional and caring attitude. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hindrances in Giving First Aid <ul><li>Unfavorable surroundings </li></ul><ul><li>The presence of crowds </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure from victim or relatives </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Basic Life Support – an emergency procedure that consists of recognizing respiratory or cardiac arrest o both and the proper application of CPR to maintain life until a victim recovers or advanced life support is available. </li></ul>
  8. 8. CPR <ul><li>Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation </li></ul><ul><li>CPR involves chest compressions at a rate of at least 100 per minute in an effort to create artificial circulation by manually pumping blood through the heart </li></ul><ul><li>CPR alone is unlikely to restart the heart; its main purpose is to restore partial flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and heart </li></ul>
  9. 9. CPR
  10. 14. One-Person Emergency Moves
  11. 15. Cradle Carry
  12. 16. Firefighter’s carry
  13. 17. Pack-strap carry
  14. 18. piggy-back carry
  15. 19. Two-Person Emergency Moves
  16. 20. Two-handed seat carry
  17. 21. Four-handed seat carry
  18. 22. Extremity carry
  19. 23. Chair carry

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