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  2. 2. Basic Description<br />Fashion played an important role in the lives of Amelia Earhart, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Audrey Hepburn, Mary Edwards Walker and Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. These five women not only contributed to society they also participated in the evolving and dramatic changes of fashion. Fashion has indeed changed drastically throughout U.S. history, and we witness the transformations in these women. These women are true representations of courage, beauty and significance in U.S. History.<br />
  3. 3. Elizabeth Cady Stanton<br />
  4. 4. Background<br />Born to wealthy family<br />Father was a well-respected lawyer, she studied law along with her brothers while growing up<br />Was related to Garrit Smith, a prominent abolitionist during the 1840s, and got her start as an activist working with him<br />Organized the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 along with friends, Lucretia Mott and Martha Coffin<br />
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  6. 6. Significance<br />Became the leading thinker of the Women’s movement of the nineteenth century<br />Chose the life of activism after seeing the unequal treatment of slaves and blacks, the encouraged her to not only fight for equality of men but also women.<br />The Seneca Falls Convention was one of the first organized women’s movements of the United States.<br />At the Convention, Stanton wrote and recited the Declarations of Sentiments and Resolutions, which was the Declaration of Independence that declared men and women are created equal.<br />
  7. 7. Pictured with friend and fellow women’s activist Susan B. Anthony <br />
  8. 8. Fashion<br />During height of the Seneca Falls Convention, many women adopted an alternative to traditional dresses. <br />Bloomers, named after neighbor of Stanton, wore loose trousers under a shortened skirt. <br />Many women’s right activists embraced this new dress and championed the garb in Lily and Una, monthly women’s reform periodicals that frequently featured Stanton’s writings. <br />
  9. 9. “Let the silk worm stay in its cocoon until its own wants compel it to throw it aside, Let every women stay in her petticoats, until she feels the necessity of a change, then no opposition, or trivial objections, will deter her…”<br /><ul><li>Elizabeth Cady Stanton</li></ul>Our Costume<br />
  10. 10. Mary Edwards Walker<br />
  11. 11. Background<br />Born on November 26, 1832<br />All children (boys and girls) were expected to work on family farm<br />Parents were reform-oriented, supported abolition and equality<br />Followed in father’s footsteps and became a doctor<br />Entered Civil War as a “civilian” but performed work as a doctor and even spy<br />Published essays, public speaker and stood up for equality for all<br />
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  13. 13. Significance<br />Stepped outside of sphere that women were supposed to be in<br />During the Civil War performed surgeries, tended to the wounded and roamed the battlefield helping many<br />During the Civil War also was a spy<br />First woman ever awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor<br />Essays about equality, love and marriage, dress, alcohol, labor, divorce and religion were compiled into a book: Hit, Essay of Women’s Rights<br />
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  15. 15. Fashion<br />"I am the original new woman...Why, before Lucy Stone, Mrs. Bloomer, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony were—before they were, I am. In the early '40's, when they began their work in dress reform, I was already wearing pants...I have made it possible for the bicycle girl to wear the abbreviated skirt, and I have prepared the way for the girl in knickerbockers." - Mary Edwards Walker<br />Ahead of her times in regards to fashion and helped shape women’s attire <br />
  16. 16. Earhart Background<br />Born on 24 July 1897 in Atchison, Kansas<br />Her early career was as a social worker, not as a pilot<br />Her flying career began in Los Angeles in 1921 at the age 24<br />Earhart became the first woman, and second person, to fly solo across the Atlantic<br />Earhart mysteriously vanished while trying to fly around the globe in 1937<br />
  17. 17. "Women must try to do things as men have tried. When they fail, their failure must be but a challenge to others."<br />"...decide...whether or not the goal is worth the risksinvolved. If it is stop worrying...." "The most effective way to do it, is to do it." <br />
  18. 18. Contributions to Society<br />The 1920s began with the approval of women’s suffrage movement<br />Led to more women contributing in the workforce<br />Earhart was at the forefront when it came to women’s roles in the workforce.<br />Encouraged women and supported women's opportunities in the work field<br />
  19. 19. Contributions Continued<br />Earhart set a number of significant records in the revolutionary era of aviation.<br />Created the first organization for women aviators, the Ninety-Nines.<br />International organization of women who were licensed pilots from countries all around the world. <br />The Ninety-Nines organization was the first organization to represent female aviators.<br />
  20. 20. The Ninety-Nines<br />
  21. 21. How Fashion Reflected Earhart<br />In 1934, created a line of fashions known as “Amelia Earhart Fashions”<br />First venture into design was to create a jumpsuit that she could wear comfortably in the cockpit.<br />Clothing line incorporated her love for flying<br />Still mindful of her image, and appeared in fashion spreads in Vogueand Cosmopolitan<br />
  22. 22. Earhart Fashion Line<br />
  23. 23. About Audrey Hepburn<br />Born on May 4, 1929 in Brussels, Belgium<br />Born into a wealthy family<br />Suffered from malnutrition in WWII when Nazi’s took over her hometown<br />Hepburn studied dance in London and eventually came to the United States in 1951, then starred in Broadway plays<br />Broadway is where Hepburn’s acting career took off<br />Lived her life according to the situation she was in<br />
  24. 24. Significance<br />Very independent and fought through her situation in WWII and loss of wealth in early years to achieve her acting goals.<br />Being an immigrant made it hard for her to adapt to the American Culture, but she learned quickly and is now an American icon.<br />Hepburn created a unique, impressionable style and character that many people strive to follow today<br />
  25. 25. Through her films, we can see that Hepburn created a style that balanced the modest style of the 1950s/ 60s and the edginess of her personality.<br />Her look illustrated her bold personality, modern edge, and the sweet modesty of the time<br />She wore many dark/ black colored outfits. <br />Outfits she modeled included black jumpsuits, a-line dresses, and dresses that had poodle skirts.<br />She paired most of her outfits with bold jewelry and hats. <br />
  26. 26. Her look showed women how to make their look classy and modest with a loud, dramatic flare. <br />
  27. 27. Jacqueline Kennedy<br />Born in 1933 into a very wealthy family.<br />Married John F. Kennedy and he became the 35th president of the United States. <br />Remarried a few years after the JFK assassination to a very wealthy Greek man.<br />Lived her life to the fullest, taking advantage of every opportunity that her wealth brought her. <br />
  28. 28. Showed independence from her husband John F. Kennedy and spoke multiple languages.<br />She is remembered for her contributions to the arts and historic preservation, her style and elegance, and her public stoicism in the wake of President Kennedy's assassination.<br />
  29. 29. During her husband's presidency, Jacqueline Kennedy became a symbol of fashion for women all over the world.<br />Her clean suits, sleeveless a-line dresses and famous pillbox hats were an overnight success around the world and became known as the "Jackie" look. <br />
  30. 30. A-line dresses<br />A-line dresses, polished suits and a wide usage of color. She started trends that gave women a more sophisticated look.<br />
  31. 31. The famous oversized glasses, still seen today.<br />
  32. 32. The pillbox hat.<br />
  33. 33. Throughout history women have been forced to conform to the fashions of their generations. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Mary Edwards Walker, Amelia Earhart, Audrey Hepburn, and Jacqueline Kennedy have pushed the boundaries for the fashion of their generations and have set a new standard for the women during their time periods. Whether it was for activism, careers, or just the new trend of the clothes, these women changed fashion during their time and ultimately have given us the fashion that we see today. <br />