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Corbett Vulture Conservation Program

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Spread awareness on vulture conservation and why it is important and work done by Mahseer Conservancy in Uttarakhand for this cause.

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  • Never realised this. Being an Australian we do not have vultures in our country but we do have a similar bird. Very interesting presentation.
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Corbett Vulture Conservation Program

  1. CORBETT VULTURE CAMPAIGN Vultures: the last hope.
  2. India, mid 1980’s.Around 85 million vultures
  3. • 9 Species in India Lammergeier• 8 found in Uttarakhand Cinereous Indian white-backed Red-headed Slender-billed Egyptian Himalayan griffon
  4. • Gathered in huge numbers near abattoirs and where dead livestock were left• 15,000 reported in one spot near Delhi• Most common species were griffon species Slender-billed Vulture, Gyps tenuirostrisIndian White-rumped Vulture, Long-billed Vulture, Gyps bengalensis Gyps indicus
  5. But today over nearly all of theIndian sub-continent vultures havevanished from the sky
  6. • Over 97% decline for Slender-billed and Long- billed vultures• Over 99.9% decline for Indian White-backed vultures• Only a few thousand left of each species today
  7. First noticed all overIndia during 1990’s
  8. • RSPB,• BNHS,• US Fish & Wildlife Department,• Peregrine Fund,• Darwin Initiative,• Poultry Diagnostic Research Centre, Pune,• Australian Animal Health LaboratoriesCause discovered and announced in 2003/4
  9. DICLOFENAC
  10. • Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug – NSAID• Introduced in 1970’s for humans• Adapted for veterinary market in late 1980’s• Used as a general painkiller for any ailment• Widely used across the Indian Sub- continent only
  11. • Diclofenac residues remain in tissues for up to 6 days after use, longer in organs• Often sick livestock are injected but die shortly after anyway
  12. Lethal to Gyps vultures Kills most within 2-3 daysOnly 1 out of 760 carcasses containing Diclofenacwas enough to cause the current vulture populationcollapse
  13. • Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in 2002• Critically Endangered by the IUCN
  14. Licenses to manufactureveterinary Diclofenacshould be withdrawn andthe marketing of suchproducts phased out withinthree months on the 11thMay 2006.‘Prohibiting themanufacture, sale anddistribution of Diclofenacand its formulations foranimal use with immediateeffect on the 4th July2008.
  15. India has well over 300 million head of cattle and buffaloOnly about 4% are kept for human consumption
  16. Vultures are highly adapted to scavenge carcassesA group can clean a buffalo carcass down to thebone in 30 minutes
  17. Other scavengers are not able to effectively clean up acarcass and spread diseases such as anthrax,botulism and cholera.
  18. Since the mass Vulture die-off began in 1992 straysdogs have increased by 5.5 extra millionResponsible for an estimated 38.5 million bites
  19. The vulture die-off has now cost the Indian government:at least 10 billion $USAnd claimed an estimated 47,000 lives From a 2006 report by University of Bath, UK & Institute of Economic Growth, India
  20. CORBETT VULTURE CAMPAIGN
  21. CO RB ET TN AT ION AL PA RKRamnagar & Terai West Forest Divisions
  22. Ringora Village• White-backed vultures were observed roosting on 85% of all surveys• There are four active nests in the area
  23. 10th July 2009
  24. Tumeria Village • In Tumeria there is approximately 40 vultures roosting present daily • There are many nests also
  25. Van Gujjar villages keep many head ofbuffalo, and this may explain the goodpresence of vultures
  26. Hatidagar• Carcasses left every couple of weeks• Often see large groups of vultures feeding there• Both Indian white-backed and Slender-billed vultures feeding.
  27. Survey of the availability of Diclofenac• Undercover investigation• Terai west forest division• Ramnagar forest division
  28. 8 out of 21 shops sold the undercoverresearcher 30ml bottles of Diclofenac
  29. Outcomes of the Study• Good populations of Vultures found• Very little awareness of the Diclofenac ban or effect on vultures• Human Diclofenac is presently being sold and used for veterinary use• Meloxicam is not widely available / used
  30. CVC Initiatives1. Awareness Campaign2. Dialogue with Veterinary andPharmaceutical Community3. Removal of Diclofenac from Marketthrough Governmental and Legal channels
  31. 1. Awareness Campaign
  32. RamLeela & Eid Festivals
  33. Key Villages near Vulture colonies
  34. In Areas Near Carcass Dumps
  35. 2. Veterinary Community Film Screening Haldwani block office, 08/09/2009• Dialogue with VO’s, LEO’s and Paravets instigated• District level meeting planned Oct 2009• Aim is to take feedback and establish a link to the ‘quacks’
  36. Pharmaceutical Community• Aim is raise awareness and apply pressure at the retailer and wholesaler level
  37. 3. Veterinary Drug Market• Public Interest Litigation• Submit to the High Court, Nainital
  38. 30ml BottlesCHEAP• 30ml bottle retails for 20-30INR• 100ml Meloxicam= 60INR• 3ml bottle…12INRPRACTICAL• 30ml bottle is 3 x 10ml shots for livestock• 10 x 3ml for humans
  39. Monitoring of Resident Colonies• Monitoring of population numbers and breeding and recruitment success,• Spot early warning signs of Diclofenac poisoning,• Birds can then be evacuated to breeding centre in Pinjore, Haryana.
  40. Make a ‘Vulture Restaurant’• Would decrease the chance that vulture colonies find a carcass that contains Diclofenac, and would help in population estimation.
  41. These Vultures are only a few years away from totalextinction in the wild
  42. And the costfor everyoneis high
  43. SO PLEASE HELP Distribute our leaflets to;  Livestock holders  ‘Quack’ vets  Local drugstores and pharmacies Sign the petition to get rid of Diclofenac Sodium CALL US IF YOU KNOW OF DICLOFENAC SALE OR USE, or if you see any vultures or carcass dumping grounds.PHONE : 976 1166777, EMAIL : mahseerconservancy@gmail.com

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