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2. automation & control technology

Bahan kuliah Otomasi Manufaktur

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Bagian II OTOMASI DAN
                                  TEKNOLOGI KENDALI
   Oleh Mahros Darsin diterjemahkan dari buku Groover
BAB: 4. Introduction to Automation
      5. Industrial Control Systems
      6. Hardware Components for Automation and Process
         Control
      7. Numerical Control
      8. Industrial Robotics
      9. Discrete Control Using Programmable Logic
         Controllers and Personal Computers


                  ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.
      No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book
                                          Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
Otomasi dan Teknologi Kendali
                          Dalam Sistem Produksi




            ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.
No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book
                                    Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
Bab 4 Pengantar Otomasi
Bagian:
1. Elemen Dasar sebuah Sistem Otomatis
2. Fungsi Otomasi Lanjut
3. Tingkat Otomasi




             ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.
 No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book
                                     Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
Definisi Otomasi

Otomasi adalah teknologi yang dengannya proses atau prosedur
         dilaksanakan tanpa bantuan manusia.
         Elemen dasar sebuah sistem otomatis:
    1. Daya – untuk menjalankan proses dan mengoperasikan
            sistem otomatis tersebut
        2. Program perintah – untuk mengarahkan proses
       3. Sistem Kendali – untuk meggerakkan perintah




                 ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.
     No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book
                                         Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
Elemen sebuah Sistem Otomatis




            ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.
No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book
                                    Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
Daya untuk Menjalankan Proses Otomatis

    Daya untuk proses
Untuk mengemudikan prosesnya sendiri
Untuk mengunggah dan mengunduh unit kerja
      Memindahkan di antara operasi
    Daya untuk Otomasi
      Unit pengendali
     Daya untuk menjalankan sinyal kendali
      Akuisisi data dan pemrosesan informasi



               ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.
   No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book
                                       Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.

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2. automation & control technology

  • 1. Bagian II OTOMASI DAN TEKNOLOGI KENDALI Oleh Mahros Darsin diterjemahkan dari buku Groover BAB: 4. Introduction to Automation 5. Industrial Control Systems 6. Hardware Components for Automation and Process Control 7. Numerical Control 8. Industrial Robotics 9. Discrete Control Using Programmable Logic Controllers and Personal Computers ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 2. Otomasi dan Teknologi Kendali Dalam Sistem Produksi ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 3. Bab 4 Pengantar Otomasi Bagian: 1. Elemen Dasar sebuah Sistem Otomatis 2. Fungsi Otomasi Lanjut 3. Tingkat Otomasi ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 4. Definisi Otomasi Otomasi adalah teknologi yang dengannya proses atau prosedur dilaksanakan tanpa bantuan manusia. Elemen dasar sebuah sistem otomatis: 1. Daya – untuk menjalankan proses dan mengoperasikan sistem otomatis tersebut 2. Program perintah – untuk mengarahkan proses 3. Sistem Kendali – untuk meggerakkan perintah ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 5. Elemen sebuah Sistem Otomatis ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 6. Daya untuk Menjalankan Proses Otomatis Daya untuk proses Untuk mengemudikan prosesnya sendiri Untuk mengunggah dan mengunduh unit kerja Memindahkan di antara operasi Daya untuk Otomasi Unit pengendali Daya untuk menjalankan sinyal kendali Akuisisi data dan pemrosesan informasi ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 7. Listrik - Sumber Daya Utama Tersedia luas dengan harga terjangkau Dapat langsung dikonversi menjadi energi bentuk lain, misal: mekanis, thermal, cahaya, dll. Daya level rendah dapat digunakan untuk transmisi sinyal, pemrosesan data dan komunikasi Dapat disimpan dalam baterai tahan lama ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 8. Program Perintah Serangkaian perintah yang menjelaskan urutan langkah dalam siklus kerja dan rincian tiap langkah Contoh: CNC part program Dalam tiap langkah:ada satu atau beberapa aktivitas melibatkan perubahan pada satu atau lebih parameter proses Contoh: Pengaturan suhu pada sebuah tungku Posisi sumbu pada sistem pemosisian Motor on atau off ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 9. Pengambilan Keputusan dalam sebuah Siklus Kerja Terprogram Berikut ini adalah contoh siklus kerja otomatis saat pengambilan Keputusan diperlukan: Interaksi Operator Automated teller machine (ATM) Komponen atau produk berbeda bentuk diproses dengan sebuah sistem Siklus robot pengelas untuk model mobil dua pintu atau empat pintu. Variasi pada unit kerja permulaan Permesinan tambahan untuk kelebihan dimensi hasil cor ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 10. Tampilan sebuah Program Siklus Kerja Jumlah langkah dalam siklus kerja Keterlibatan manual dalam siklus kerja (mis. mengunggah dan menurunkan benda kerja Parameter proses – berapa banyak yang harus dikendalikan? Interaksi operator – apakah operator masuk ke pemrosesan data? Variasi corak mode pada komponen atau produk Variasi dalam unit kerja permulaan – beberapa penyesuaian palam parameter proses diperlukan untuk mengompensasi perbedaan pada unit permulaannya ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 11. Sistem Kendali – Dua Tipe 1. Closed-loop (feedback) control system – sebuah sistem dengan variabel luaran dibandingkan dengan parameter masukan dan jika ada perbedaan diantara keduanya, ini akan dipakai untuk menggerakkan luaran agar sesuai dengan masukan. 2. Open-loop control system – bekerja tanpa umpan balik Lebih sederhana dan lebih murah Resiko bahwa aktuator tidak akan merupakan efek kesengajaan ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 12. (a) Feedback Control System and (b) Open-Loop Control System (a) (b) ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 13. Sistem Pemosisian Menggunakan Feedback Control Sebuah sumbu sistem pemosisian terdiri atas sebuah leadscrew yang digerakkan oleh sebuah motor servo DC dan menggunakan encoder optis sebagai sensor umpan balik. ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 14. Jika Menggunakan sebuah Open-Loop Control System Aksi dilakukan dengan sistem kendali yang sederhana Fungsi pergerakan adalah sangat dipercaya. Jika ada reaksi menentang pergerakan maka gaya reaksi tersebut cukup kecil untuk memengaruhi pergerakan. Jika kondisi tsb di atas tidak terpenuhi, maka sistem kendali tertutup harus digunakan. ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 15. Fungsi Otomasi Lanjut 1. Pemanatauan keselamatan 2. Diagnosa perawatan dan perbaikan 3. Deteksi kesalahan dan perbaikan ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 16. Pemantauan Keselamatan Menggunakan sensor untuk melacak operasi sistem dan mengidentifikasi keadaan tidak aman atau berpotensi tak aman. Alasan memantau keselamtan Melindungi pekerja dan peralatan Kemungkinan respon terhadap bahaya: Penghentian istem secara menyeluruh Menyuarakan alarm Pengurangan laju proses operasi Pengambilan aksi perbaikan untuk kembali dari ancaman bahaya ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 17. Diagnosa Perawatan dan Perbaikan Pemantauan Status Memantau dan merekam status sensor kunci dan parameter selama sistem operasi. Diagnosa kegagalan Menmberitahukan jika terjadi ketidakfungsian Tujuan: manganalisis nilai terekam sehingga penyebab ketidakfungsian dapat diidentifikasi. Rekomendasi prosedur perbaikan Menyediakan prosedur yang direkomendasi bagi kru perbaikan untuk melaksanakan tugasnya ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 18. Pendeteksian Kesalahan dan Pemulihan 1. Pendeteksian Kesalahan – fungsi: Menggunakan sensor yang tersedia pada sistem untuk menentukan kapan penyimpangan atau ketidakfungsian telah terjadi. Menerjemahkan dengan benar sinyal sensor. Mengklasifikasi kesalahan. Pemulihan dari kesalahan – strategi yang mungkin: Membuat penyesuaian pada akhir siklus kerja embuat penyesuaian selama siklus kerja yang sedang berlangsung Menghentikan proses untuk melakukan tindakan perbaikan Menghentikan proses dan minta bantuan ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 19. Tingkatan Otomasi 1. Tingkat peralatan – actuators, sensors, dan komponen perangkat keras lainnya, membentuk loop kendali individual untuk menuju ke tingkat berikutnya 2. Tingkat Mesin – mesin perkakas CNC dan peralatan produksi sejenis itu, robot industri, peralatan pembawa bahan 3. Tingkat Cell atau sistem – manufacturing cell or system 4. Tingkat Pabrik – factory or production systems level 5. Enterprise level – corporate information system ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.
  • 20. Levels of Automation ©2008 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. For the exclusive use of adopters of the book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Third Edition, by Mikell P. Groover.