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Joseph Paxton

History of Achitecture

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Joseph Paxton

  1. 1. ENGLISH RENAISSANCE : Architect : Joseph Paxton Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, Introduction : born in Bedfordshire on 3 August 1803 into a farming family. He had a number of gardening jobs until in 1823 he began working at Chiswick Gardens which was leased by the Horticultural Society from the Duke of Devonshire. Impressed with his abilities, in 1826, the duke appointed Paxton head gardener at Chatsworth House, the Devonshire family's large country house in Derbyshire. HistoryofArchitecture4
  2. 2. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Conservatory at Hampton Court, Herefordshire Location : Hampton Court near London Timeline : 1848 Description : Richard’s family called in Joseph Paxton to design an ornate conservatory behind the house (now used as a cafe). Paxton using many of the same principles employed at Hampton Court.  Architect : Joseph Paxton
  3. 3. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, Example Name : The Conservatory at Hampton Court, Herefordshire Location : Hampton Court near London Timeline : 1848 Description : Described as being "not a common one" and "suitable for large plants with a fully-sloping glazed roof and flues which opened", early photographs show a large glazed structure of five separate ridge slopes. The roof was demolished earlier this century, being replaced by a plastics corrugated affair, but the main structure remains today Architect : Joseph Paxton HistoryofArchitecture4
  4. 4. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Was created originally in Hyde Park in London, cast-iron and glass panels to house the Great Exhibition in 1851 where gathered more than 14 thousand visitors from around the world in the palace / exhibition space of 92 thousand square meters. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  5. 5. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Architectural competition was held in 1851 specifically for the construction of the exhibition offers the 245 proposal rejected by Commission rule all including Altsamemian Almokhtaran potential winner and hunters who were also of glass and steel because of the extra cost. Later Sir Joseph Paxton interested in the project and with the support of a member of the Committee presented a design drawn after him in their meetings on a piece of paper Vase initial Sketch remains today in the Victoria and Albert Museum. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  6. 6. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Architectural competition was held in 1851 specifically for the construction of the exhibition offers the 245 proposal rejected by Commission rule all including Altsamemian Almokhtaran potential winner and hunters who were also of glass and steel because of the extra cost. Later Sir Joseph Paxton interested in the project and with the support of a member of the Committee presented a design drawn after him in their meetings on a piece of paper Vase initial Sketch remains today in the Victoria and Albert Museum. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  7. 7. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Thanks to new Hooray for the production of shaped glass panels in 1848 that allowed the formation of most of the architecture glass building in the world then, with the light shining place in full next day from the roof and walls of glass and surprising visitors. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  8. 8. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Architect : Joseph Paxton
  9. 9. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : After completion has been put trees on the inside and a crystal fountain, up 8 meters then it became a sensation birds Mhklhalvars of the great Queen to be done. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  10. 10. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : After the Great Exhibition was transferred the building to another location in the southern suburbs of London near the large villas to stay there from 1854 and even ate fire in 1936. As has been building a copy to him in Sydney, Australia in 1879 and was named Palace Garden, but this building also met the same fate and devoured fire also. Future proposals and continues to offer to replace the crystal palace place yet. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  11. 11. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Architect : Joseph Paxton
  12. 12. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Crystal Palace Location : Hyde park - London Timeline : 1851 - 1856 Description : Architect : Joseph Paxton
  13. 13. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, Example Name : Mentmore Towers  Location :  Mentmore, Leighton Buzzard, Buckinghamshire Timeline : 1852 - 1854 Description : Is a 19th-century English country house in the village of Mentmore in Buckinghamshire. The house was designed by Joseph Paxton and his son- in-law, George Henry Stokes,[ in the 19th-century revival of late 16th and early 17th-century Elizabethan and Jacobean styles called  Jacobethanfor the banker and collector of fine art Baron Mayer de Rothschild as a country home, display case for his collection of fine art. The mansion has been described as one of the greatest houses of the Victorian era In keeping with the contents intended to be displayed within, the interiors take their inspiration principally from the Italian Renaissance,  and Palladian architecture although the house also contains drawing rooms and cabinets decorated in the gilded styles of late 18th-century France.  Historically it was first known simply as 'Mentmore'. The design is closely based on that of Robert Smythson's Wollaton Hall.[ Mentmore Towers is a Grade I listed building, with its park and gardens listed Grade I Architect : Joseph Paxton HistoryofArchitecture4
  14. 14. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : Mentmore Towers  Location :  Mentmore, Leighton Buzzard, Buckinghamshire Timeline : 1852 - 1854 Description : The house was built between 1852 and 1854 for Baron Mayer de Rothschild, who required a house close to London. Paxton, who had previously designed the Crystal Palace, was responsible for the ridge and furrow glass roof which covered the central hall, designed to imitate the arcaded courtyard of a Renaissance palazzo, while Stokes was co-architect and clerk of works. The builder was the London firm George Myers, frequently employed by members of the Rothschild family Architect : Joseph Paxton
  15. 15. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : Mentmore Towers  Location :  Mentmore, Leighton Buzzard, Buckinghamshire Timeline : 1852 - 1854 Description : Architect : Joseph Paxton Main elevation of the building Back side elevation of the building
  16. 16. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, Example Name : Château de Ferrières Location : Seine-et--Marne , France Timeline : 1855 – 1859 Description : is a French château built between 1855 and 1859 by Baron James de Rothschild in the Goût Rothschild. It is Considered by far the largest and most luxurious 19th-century château in France. The inspiration for the design of Ferrières was Mentmore Towers in Buckinghamshire, England, the house Paxton built for Baron James's cousin Architect : Joseph Paxton HistoryofArchitecture4
  17. 17. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : Location : Timeline : Description : Architect : Joseph Paxton Château de Ferrières Seine-et--Marne , France 1855 – 1859
  18. 18. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : Location : Timeline : Description : It was built in the Neo-Renaissance style inspired by architecture of the Italian Renaissance It has square towers at each corner, the house sits on a formal terrace that gives way to 1.25 km² of gardens . The landscape is based on the English gardens. The showpiece central hall is 37 m long and18 m high, its roof a full glass skylight. Architect : Joseph Paxton Château de Ferrières Seine-et--Marne , France 1855 – 1859
  19. 19. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, Example Name : Château de Ferrières Location : Seine-et--Marne , France Timeline : 1855 – 1859 Description : The sculpting of the interior columns and caryatids was by Charles Henri Joseph Cordier and the decorative painting supervised by Eugène Lami. In 1975, Guy de Rothschild and his wife charitably donated the château to the chancellery of the University of Paris, and it is now open to the public for guided tours and special events Architect : Joseph Paxton HistoryofArchitecture4
  20. 20. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Great Stove Location : Chatsworth – Derbyshire - England Timeline : 1836 - 1840 Description : 227 feet long, 123 feet wide, and 67 feet high. "Around thirty thousand feet of ground space under the elliptical roof were filled with the best garden soils, varied according to the needs of each of the plants, and the roots of the larger ones were contained in compartments within the soil in order to let weaker ones stand a chance against them. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  21. 21. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Great Stove Location : Chatsworth – Derbyshire - England Timeline : 1836 - 1840 Description : The original drawings are signed DB and dated July 1836. The construction, unlike the iron structures at Kew and Regents Park, was largely wood, as was the 1851 Exhibition building, Architect : Joseph Paxton
  22. 22. Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah, HistoryofArchitecture4 Example Name : The Great Stove Location : Chatsworth – Derbyshire - England Timeline : 1836 - 1840 Description : with the exception of hollow iron columns and other main structural ribs, the glazing was constructed on the ridge and furrow method associated with Paxton. Architect : Joseph Paxton
  23. 23. HistoryofArchitecture4 Presented to : Dr. Nevin Gharib Arch. Mona Singaba Presented By : Adel Mohamed Sultan, Ayman El Ahmady, Mohamed Salah, Mahmoud Nofal, Hossam Salah El Din, Mahmoud Mohamed Salah,

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