SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - A MAJOR CHALLENGE TO THE AVIATION INDUSTRY By:  MAHMOOD MANZOOR PRESENTED IN 9 TH  IRANIAN SOCIE...
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>MEET PRESENT NEEDS WITHOUT COMPROMISING FUTURE NEEDS </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL CAPITAL </l...
AVIATION INDUSTRY <ul><li>AN INNOVATIVE INDUSTRY </li></ul><ul><li>DRIVES GLOBAL PROGRESS & FORGES LINKS </li></ul><ul><li...
GROWTH FORECASTS <ul><li>PRESENT GROWTH TO CONTINUE TILL 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>INT’L PAX AAGR OF 5.1% </li></ul><ul><li>D...
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS <ul><li>PROBLEMS OF SUCCESS </li></ul><ul><li>GROWING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS </li></ul><ul><li>GLOB...
AIRCRAFT NOISE EMISSIONS   <ul><li>PERCEPTION DEPENDS ON INTENSITY, FREQUENCY & TIME </li></ul><ul><li>30M PEOPLE EXPOSED ...
MITIGATION MEASURES <ul><li>AT SOURCE: </li></ul><ul><li>TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS </li></ul><ul><li>LOW-NOISE COMPONENT TECH...
MITIGATION MEASURES <ul><li>ALONG THE NOISE PATH: </li></ul><ul><li>LAND-USE PLANNING </li></ul><ul><li>NOISE ABATEMENT OP...
LOCAL AIR QUALITY <ul><li>GROUND-LEVEL OZONE & SMOG </li></ul><ul><li>INCREASE RESPIRATORY PROBLEMS </li></ul><ul><li>CONT...
AIRCRAFT ENGINE EMISSIONS <ul><li>AIRCRAFT ENGINES PRODUCE EMISSIONS AT ALTITUDES </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRIBUTE TO GHG LEVE...
MITIGATION MEASURES <ul><li>TARGET: CARBON-NEUTRAL GROWTH </li></ul><ul><li>TECHNOLOGY:  </li></ul><ul><li>SHORT-TERM, MED...
MITIGATION MEASURES <ul><li>INFRA-STRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>‘ SINGLE-EUROPEAN S...
NEW FUELS FOR TOMORROW’S AIRCRAFT <ul><li>AVIATION INDUSTRY's PRIME CONCERN: HIGH FUEL PRICES </li></ul><ul><li>ADDITIONAL...
ALTERNATIVE FUELS - HISTORY <ul><li>ALTERNATIVE FUELS NOT NEW CONCEPT </li></ul><ul><li>EARLY JET ENGINES USED HYDROGEN </...
COMPLEXITY OF PROBLEM <ul><li>DEVELOPMENT NOT EASY TO RESOLVE </li></ul><ul><li>AVIATION FUEL HAVE SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS...
AIRCRAFT-END-OF-LIFE <ul><li>AIRCRAFT DEPRECIATES IN VALUE OVER TIME </li></ul><ul><li>DEPRECIATE TO ZERO VALUE IN 30 YEAR...
AVIATION INDUSTRY’s RESPONSE <ul><li>INITIATIVES TAKEN-UP BY AVIATION INDUSTRY: </li></ul><ul><li>WINGNet FUNDED BY UK EPS...
NEW QUALITY ROLES <ul><li>QUALITY MANAGERS SHOULD: </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE ENVIRONMENT NOT SACRIFICED FOR GROWTH </li></u...
NEW QUALITY ROLES <ul><li>QUALITY MANAGERS SHOULD: </li></ul><ul><li>ADDRESS ENVIRONMENT IN EARLY DESIGN STAGES </li></ul>...
<ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>
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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - A MAJOR CHALLENGE TO AVIATION INDUSTRY

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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - A MAJOR CHALLENGE TO AVIATION INDUSTRY

  1. 1. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - A MAJOR CHALLENGE TO THE AVIATION INDUSTRY By: MAHMOOD MANZOOR PRESENTED IN 9 TH IRANIAN SOCIETY OF QUALITY MANAGERS/14 TH ASIA PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION CONFERENCE AUGUST 23-25 ,2008 - TEHRAN, IRAN
  2. 2. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>MEET PRESENT NEEDS WITHOUT COMPROMISING FUTURE NEEDS </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL CAPITAL </li></ul><ul><li>‘ UNSUSTAINABLE SITUATION’ </li></ul><ul><li>CONSUMPTION SHOULD MATCH NATURAL REPLENISHMENT </li></ul><ul><li>LONG-TERM DEGRADATION IMPLIES EXTINCT OF HUMANITY </li></ul>
  3. 3. AVIATION INDUSTRY <ul><li>AN INNOVATIVE INDUSTRY </li></ul><ul><li>DRIVES GLOBAL PROGRESS & FORGES LINKS </li></ul><ul><li>2000 AIRLINES, 23000 AIRCRAFT, 3750 AIRPORTS </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 B PAX, 35% OF TRADE GOODS </li></ul><ul><li>32 M JOBS WORLDWIDE </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRIBUTES 8% (US$ 3557B) TO WORLD GDP </li></ul>
  4. 4. GROWTH FORECASTS <ul><li>PRESENT GROWTH TO CONTINUE TILL 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>INT’L PAX AAGR OF 5.1% </li></ul><ul><li>DOMESTIC PAX AAGR OF 5.3% </li></ul><ul><li>INT’L AIRFREIGHT AAGR OF 4.8% </li></ul><ul><li>VOLATILITY EXISTS: SECURITY, FUEL PRICES & ECONOMY </li></ul>
  5. 5. ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS <ul><li>PROBLEMS OF SUCCESS </li></ul><ul><li>GROWING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS </li></ul><ul><li>GLOBAL, REGIONAL & LOCAL </li></ul><ul><li>AIRCRAFT NOISE EMISSIONS </li></ul><ul><li>LOCAL AIR QUALITY </li></ul><ul><li>AIRCRAFT ENGINE EMISSIONS </li></ul><ul><li>END-OF-LIFE AIRCRAFT DISPOSAL </li></ul>
  6. 6. AIRCRAFT NOISE EMISSIONS <ul><li>PERCEPTION DEPENDS ON INTENSITY, FREQUENCY & TIME </li></ul><ul><li>30M PEOPLE EXPOSED TO ‘NOISE NUISANCE’ WORLDWIDE </li></ul><ul><li>MITIGATION MEASURES REQUIRED </li></ul><ul><li>SOURCES: AIRCRAFT MAINT, T/O & LANDING, SERVICES </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE THREATS TO CONTINUE </li></ul>
  7. 7. MITIGATION MEASURES <ul><li>AT SOURCE: </li></ul><ul><li>TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS </li></ul><ul><li>LOW-NOISE COMPONENT TECHNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>75% NOISE REDUCTION ACHIEVED </li></ul><ul><li>STANDARDS MADE STRINGENT </li></ul><ul><li>NNC, CHAPTER 2, 3 & 4 AIRCRAFTS </li></ul><ul><li>ADDITIONAL RESEARCH UNDERWAY </li></ul>
  8. 8. MITIGATION MEASURES <ul><li>ALONG THE NOISE PATH: </li></ul><ul><li>LAND-USE PLANNING </li></ul><ul><li>NOISE ABATEMENT OPERATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>AT AFFECTED PLACES: </li></ul><ul><li>RESTRICTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>NOISE CHARGES </li></ul><ul><li>CONCEPT OF ‘BALANCED APPROACH’ </li></ul>
  9. 9. LOCAL AIR QUALITY <ul><li>GROUND-LEVEL OZONE & SMOG </li></ul><ul><li>INCREASE RESPIRATORY PROBLEMS </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRIBUTORS: NOX, VOC, CO & PM </li></ul><ul><li>SIGNIFICANT PROGRESS MADE </li></ul><ul><li>TRADE-OFFs INHERENT IN AIRCRAFT DESIGN </li></ul><ul><li>EMISSION RELATED CHARGES </li></ul><ul><li>RESEARCH UNDERWAY </li></ul>
  10. 10. AIRCRAFT ENGINE EMISSIONS <ul><li>AIRCRAFT ENGINES PRODUCE EMISSIONS AT ALTITUDES </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRIBUTE TO GHG LEVELS & GLOBAL WARMING </li></ul><ul><li>CONDENSATION TRAILS PRODUCE CIRRUS CLOUDS </li></ul><ul><li>INCREASE IN CO2, CH4 & NOX LEVELS </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE CONCERNS DUE TO CONTINUED GROWTH </li></ul>
  11. 11. MITIGATION MEASURES <ul><li>TARGET: CARBON-NEUTRAL GROWTH </li></ul><ul><li>TECHNOLOGY: </li></ul><ul><li>SHORT-TERM, MEDIUM-TERM & LONG-TERM MEASURES </li></ul><ul><li>OPERATIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIMAL CRUISE ALTITUDE </li></ul><ul><li>MINIMUM DISTANCE ROUTES </li></ul>
  12. 12. MITIGATION MEASURES <ul><li>INFRA-STRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>‘ SINGLE-EUROPEAN SKY’ & ‘NEXT-GEN AIR TRANSPORT SYSTEM’ </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC MEASURES </li></ul><ul><li>EMISSION TRADING </li></ul>
  13. 13. NEW FUELS FOR TOMORROW’S AIRCRAFT <ul><li>AVIATION INDUSTRY's PRIME CONCERN: HIGH FUEL PRICES </li></ul><ul><li>ADDITIONAL CONCERNS: ENVIRONMENT & ENERGY SECURITY </li></ul><ul><li>FUEL PRICE IS 20% OF AIRLINE OPERATING COST </li></ul><ul><li>‘ BURNING’ ISSUE: SPIRALING FUEL PRICES </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: ALTERNATIVE FUEL   </li></ul>
  14. 14. ALTERNATIVE FUELS - HISTORY <ul><li>ALTERNATIVE FUELS NOT NEW CONCEPT </li></ul><ul><li>EARLY JET ENGINES USED HYDROGEN </li></ul><ul><li>SYNTHETIC FUELS DEVELOPED IN LATE 70s </li></ul><ul><li>PROSENE DEVELOPED DURING 1980-84 </li></ul><ul><li>SEMI-SYNTHETIC SASOL DEVELOPED IN SOUTH AFRICA </li></ul>
  15. 15. COMPLEXITY OF PROBLEM <ul><li>DEVELOPMENT NOT EASY TO RESOLVE </li></ul><ul><li>AVIATION FUEL HAVE SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS </li></ul><ul><li>KEROSENE – THE BEST SOLUTION </li></ul><ul><li>AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS ARE 'KEROSENE-SPECIFIC‘ </li></ul><ul><li>'DROP-IN' REPLACEMENT REQUIRED </li></ul><ul><li>SHOULD ALSO OFFER ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS </li></ul>
  16. 16. AIRCRAFT-END-OF-LIFE <ul><li>AIRCRAFT DEPRECIATES IN VALUE OVER TIME </li></ul><ul><li>DEPRECIATE TO ZERO VALUE IN 30 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>FACTORS: MAINT COSTS, LLPs & REGULATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>6000 AIRCRAFT WILL REACH END-OF-LIFE IN 20 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTALLY-SAFE DISPOSAL ESSENTIAL </li></ul>
  17. 17. AVIATION INDUSTRY’s RESPONSE <ul><li>INITIATIVES TAKEN-UP BY AVIATION INDUSTRY: </li></ul><ul><li>WINGNet FUNDED BY UK EPSRC </li></ul><ul><li>PRODUCT STEWARDSHIP (EXTENDED PRODUCT RESPONSIBILITY) </li></ul><ul><li>AIRBUS INITIATED PROJECTS: PAMELA & TARMAC </li></ul><ul><li>BOEING INITIATED PROJECT: AFRA </li></ul>
  18. 18. NEW QUALITY ROLES <ul><li>QUALITY MANAGERS SHOULD: </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE ENVIRONMENT NOT SACRIFICED FOR GROWTH </li></ul><ul><li>MOVE FROM TACTICAL TO STRATEGIC THINKING </li></ul><ul><li>ACT AS ENVIRONMENTALISTS </li></ul><ul><li>ADAPT TO LIFE-CYCLE THINKING CONCEPT </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE AIRCRAFT LIFE-CYCLE IS ECOLOGICAL </li></ul>
  19. 19. NEW QUALITY ROLES <ul><li>QUALITY MANAGERS SHOULD: </li></ul><ul><li>ADDRESS ENVIRONMENT IN EARLY DESIGN STAGES </li></ul><ul><li>USE ECO-FRIENDLY PARTS IN AIRCRAFT DESIGN </li></ul><ul><li>ADHERE TO GOVERNMENTAL GUIDELINES </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE AVIATION INDUSTRY MAXIMIZES USE OF 'ENVIRONMENTAL CAPACITY' </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>

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