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Inca Civilization .DR Mahipal india


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Inca Civilization .DR Mahipal india

  1. 1. 1200-1532 A.D
  2. 3. <ul><li>Located in the Andes Mountains of South America </li></ul><ul><li>West Coast of South American in Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Chile, and Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>Climate ranges from dry to snowy to hot jungle </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Pacachuti </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Capital city was Cuzco </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temple of the Sun- inside walls made of gold & perfectly cut stones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Machu Picchu the “Lost City of the Incas” </li></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>Ruled by an Emperor called the Sapa Inca and had absolute control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divine – the son of the sun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief religious leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold was his symbol and the “sweat of the sun” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Queen was called the Coya </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performed religious functions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Served in absence of Sapa Inca </li></ul></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Officials collected taxes and enforced laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept records on a quipu, which were knotted strings </li></ul></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>Imposed Quechua language and religion on conquered people </li></ul><ul><li>Great system of roads adopted from the Mochia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Let armies and news travel rapidly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut into mountains and had many bridges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordinary people could not use the roads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roads united large empire </li></ul>
  7. 10. Bridge
  8. 11. <ul><li>People lived in close-knit communities called ayllus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One leader carried out government orders, assigned jobs and organized work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulated society by arranging marriages to make sure men and women settled down </li></ul><ul><li>People conquered by the Incans were put into Incan army </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Farming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created terraces in mountains to farm on secured by stone walls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers spent part of year working land for emperor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grew corn, potatoes, cotton, squash, and beans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government gave part of harvest to people and stored the rest </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traded new world vegetables and gold work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speculation that Inca traded in open air markets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Domesticated the llama and the alpaca </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Polytheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Part of everyday life, every month had a festival </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief god was Inti, the Sun God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chosen Women dedicated their lives to serving the sun god </li></ul></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>Servants on earth of the Sun God, Inti </li></ul><ul><li>Specially chosen as girls, trained, and housed near the temple </li></ul><ul><li>After training, either married a noble, served the royal family, or become one of the Chosen Women </li></ul><ul><li>Made the clothes of the Sapa Inca and Coya since Sapa Inca could not wear the same clothes twice </li></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>Involved mainly children </li></ul><ul><li>Happened around an important event </li></ul><ul><li>Could only be perfect children </li></ul><ul><li>Held a feast, took them to the top of a mountain, gave them something to intoxicate them </li></ul><ul><li>Were either strangled, hit on the head, or left to die of exposure </li></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>Incas had no system of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Calendar of 15 months, each with 3 weeks of 10 days </li></ul><ul><li>Quipu measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced medicine- antiseptics and skull surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Gold and silver works </li></ul>
  15. 22. <ul><li>1525 A.D.- Sapa Inca Huayna Capac died of plague </li></ul><ul><li>No successor leads to civil war, weakening the empire </li></ul><ul><li>1531 A.D.- Spanish led by Francisco Pizzaro conquered the Inca empire </li></ul>