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famous egypt pharoas by Dr Mahipal

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  • I discovered in Gizeh plateau, Egypt, a huge HUMAN FACE image, very near of the Sphinx of Gizeh (Aerial Stern photography). http://webspace.webring.com/people/or/ramonetriu/giza-rostro.html



    GIZA EN EGIPTO; IMAGEN DE ROSTRO (FOTO AEREA) Resaltaba al iluminar el sol al ponerse. Ahora han hecho un enorme traslado de arena y desapareció.
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famous egypt pharoas by Dr Mahipal

  1. 1. Pharaohs of Egypt DR MAHIPAL REDDY NIZAMABAD INDIA
  2. 3. Pharaohs <ul><li>Pharaohs were the kings of Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>The word “Pharaoh” was used by the Greeks and Hebrews. </li></ul><ul><li>The title “Pharaoh” originated from the Greek language and it is used in the Old Testament. </li></ul><ul><li>According to Egyptian legend, the first kings of Egypt were later some of the most famous gods. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the Pharaohs we know today existed at the end of the Predynastic period. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Responsibility Of Pharaohs <ul><li>Pharaohs ruled with absolute power. There were few if any challenged against the King. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite absolute power the Pharaoh was expected to rule subject to Ma’at. </li></ul><ul><li>Ma’at was the goddess and symbol of the equilibrium of the universe. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pharaoh was expected to govern according to the principles of Ma’at. </li></ul><ul><li>Any King that attempted to radically change society would be seen as destroying the equilibrium that was so important to Egyptian tradition. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Succession <ul><li>To keep the pure line of succession, a Pharaoh passed on the throne to the eldest son born of the Principal Queen, or Great Royal Wife. </li></ul><ul><li>Each king was usually keen to demonstrate to his subjects that he was the “chosen” heir. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pharaoh owned all of the land, people, and possessions in Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>Any personal wealth enjoyed by Egyptians people was considered a result of the generosity of the King. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Major Male Pharaohs <ul><li>There were several Pharaohs of Egypt. However, we will focus on the main male Pharaohs: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Menes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tuthmosis III </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Akenaton </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Djoser </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ramses II </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Khufu </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tutankhamen </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Menes <ul><li>Founding King of the 1 st Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled between 3100-2850 B.C.E </li></ul><ul><li>First Pharaoh to unify upper and lower Egypt into one Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient Egypt’s form of a civilization began with King Menes. </li></ul><ul><li>He created the city of Memphis because of its good location. It would be easy top defend against any attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>During his reign he expanded his kingdom and developed commercial trade links. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Menes <ul><li>His chief wife was Queen Berenib, although she wasn’t the mother of his heir: Djer. </li></ul><ul><li>The mother of Djer was Neithotepe, Menes’ other wife. </li></ul><ul><li>He died at the age of 63. </li></ul><ul><li>According to legend he was attacked by wild dogs or Nile crocodiles at Faiyum. </li></ul><ul><li>He died leaving behind the legacy of a powerful civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>His tomb lays at Saqqara, the farmed area of Memphis. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Tuthmosis III <ul><li>The son of Tuthmosis II and Isris </li></ul><ul><li>When is father died his stepmother, Hatsheput, took charge. </li></ul><ul><li>She was Tuthmosis III co-regent and for 20 years he was pushed into the background as she ruled Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>When she died Tuthmosis III came to the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>As an act of revenge or retribution, he destroyed as many of Hatsheput’s statues, monuements and buildings. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Tuthmosis III <ul><li>He was remembered for is successful military capaigns. </li></ul><ul><li>He had numerous victories against Syria, Libya and Nubia. </li></ul><ul><li>In his lifetime he married several foreign princesses, apparently for diplomatic reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>His chief queen was Hatsheput-Merytre. </li></ul><ul><li>King Tuthmosis III established Egypt as a powerful military strength. </li></ul><ul><li>King Tuthmosis III died in his 55 th year of reigning and was buried in the Valley of the Kings. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Akenaton <ul><li>Original name was Amonhotep IV. </li></ul><ul><li>Reigned 1350-1334 B.C.E </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted to change the Egyptian supreme god from Amon-Re to Aton. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore he changed his name to Akenaton which means “he who serves Aton” </li></ul><ul><li>He also built a new city called Akhetaton. </li></ul><ul><li>This was the first attempt at radically changing the Egyptian religion. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Akenaton <ul><li>His wife was Nefertiti who was known for her beauty. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, Akenaton is remembered for trying to introduce monotheism to Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>Monotheism means only one god:Aton. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not sure how Akenaton died but the text two kings, Smenkhkara and Tutankhamun were apparently son’s-in-law to Akenaton. </li></ul><ul><li>After his reign Egypt returned back to their old Gods. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Djoser <ul><li>Djoser reigned for about 19 years. </li></ul><ul><li>His right hand man, Imhotep, was famous for his genius. </li></ul><ul><li>Imhotep came up with the idea of the step pyramid. </li></ul><ul><li>The pyramids design consisted of six giant steps and contained many chambers and secret tunnels. </li></ul><ul><li>It is believed that during Djoser’s reign, he extended the Egyptian Southern Border all the way to the Nile’s First Cataract. </li></ul><ul><li>He left behind the legacy of the step pyramid, which was the basis of all other pyramids to come. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Rames II <ul><li>Went to the throne at the age of 20 and reigned for 67 years. </li></ul><ul><li>This was the second longest reign for any Egyptian King. </li></ul><ul><li>Ramses is remembered for constructing many architectural marvels. </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed more colossal statues than any other Egyptian King. </li></ul><ul><li>Two of his greatest monuments are the two huge temples at Abu Simbel. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Ramses II <ul><li>Ramses also had many military victories. </li></ul><ul><li>Not long after the reign of Ramses II, Egypt was invaded and eventually fell to the rule of foreigners. </li></ul><ul><li>Ramses not only excelled in architecture but he also had a great number of wives. </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of his life Ramses had over 100 children! </li></ul><ul><li>After his death Ramses son, Menataph, became the heir to the throne. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Khufu <ul><li>Khufu lived from 2589-2566 B.C.E </li></ul><ul><li>He reigned for around 24 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Khufu is most remembered for building Great Pyramid of Giza. </li></ul><ul><li>The pyramid originally stood 481 feet tall. </li></ul><ul><li>Khufu had many sons but the one chosen to be his successor was Djedefre. </li></ul><ul><li>Khufu left behind the legacy of the Great Pyramid and even today it’s still a mystery to how it was built. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Tutankhamen <ul><li>King Tutankhamen came to the throne at a very young age. </li></ul><ul><li>When his father died, believed to be Akhenaton, he became King at age 10. </li></ul><ul><li>King Tutankhamen helped restore Egypt's old beliefs from when his father tried to make Egypt a monotheism society. </li></ul><ul><li>He died suddenly at the young age of 18 by a blow to the back of his head. </li></ul><ul><li>Since his tomb had not yet been made, he was laid in a tomb of a member of the nobility. </li></ul><ul><li>He is famous today because of his tomb found by archaeologists. Some say it was the most important archaeological find. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Bibliography <ul><li>Brier, Bob. PhD. History of ancient Egypt. The First Nation in History. The Learning Company. 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Dowling, Mike. The Pharaoh. West Palm Beach Florida, 23 Oct. 2004. 18 Oct. 2006 http://www.mrdowling.com/604-pharaoh.html . </li></ul><ul><li>Dunn, Jimmy. Egypt Feature Story The Kings (Pharaohs) of Ancient Egypt. 1996. 18 Oct. 2006 http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/pharaohs.htm . </li></ul><ul><li>Newman, Garfield. Echoes from the Past. Whitby, Ontario: McGraw - Hill Ryerson Limited, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pharaoh.&quot; Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 18 t. 2006 . < http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9059581 >. </li></ul><ul><li>THE ASTRA CORPORATION LIMITED . Egyptology Online: Discovering Ancient Egypt. 2001. 18 Oct. 2006 http://www.egyptologyonline.com/pharaohs.htm .  </li></ul>
  18. 19. Discussion Questions <ul><li>In your opinion, was it right for the Pharaohs to rule with absolute power? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think Egypt would be so well known today if Pharaohs did not exist? </li></ul><ul><li>In ancient Egypt all property belonged to the Pharaohs, would our society be successful if this was true today about the Prime Minister. </li></ul>
  19. 20. THE END!!!

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