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Turkish Culture


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Turkish Culture

  1. 1. This presentation is to help achieve “peace on earth” for this reason we hope to build bridges of understanding between different cultures. THE CULTURALTHE CULTURAL HERİTAGE OFHERİTAGE OF TURKEYTURKEY Presentation:Ahmet YORDAM
  2. 2. The Best Kept Secret In the World.
  3. 3. Did you know that facts about Turkey?
  4. 4. Who are Turks?Who are Turks?
  5. 5. They are the descendants of Turkish nomads from Central Asia and the many ethnic groups that inhabited the former Ottoman Empire .
  6. 6. Today the term “Turk” commonly refers toToday the term “Turk” commonly refers to citizens of Turkish Rebuplic and represents acitizens of Turkish Rebuplic and represents a national rather than an ethnic identity.national rather than an ethnic identity.
  7. 7. As Turkey is a secular country, there is no official religion. While 99 % of the total population are Moslems. The remaining 1 percent are of varying religions, mostly jewish and Christian.
  8. 8. Turkish are the heirs to the cultural traditions of the Ottoman Empire and Islam.
  9. 9. Istanbul is the only city in the World located on two continents, Asia and Europe.
  10. 10. Founded in 659 B.C., It was the capital of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) and Ottoman Empires since 330 A.D.
  11. 11. Every year, at least 150 archeologicalEvery year, at least 150 archeological excavations are going on in Turkey.excavations are going on in Turkey.
  12. 12. The largest neolithic human settlement with theThe largest neolithic human settlement with the longest of continuous habitations (since 7000longest of continuous habitations (since 7000 B.C) was found in Çatalhöyük, Turkey.B.C) was found in Çatalhöyük, Turkey.
  13. 13. Two of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient world, the temple of Artemis and the Mausoleum at Halicarnasus, are in Turkey.
  14. 14. The prophet Abraham is the thought to have been born in Şanlıurfa in southern Turkey.
  15. 15. Well-known historical figures suh as King Midas of the Golden touch, Herodotas, the father of history, St Paul the Apostle, and Omar Khayyam, the Persian Poet came from Asia Minor, the part of Turkey now called Anatolia.
  16. 16. The first synagogue in Anatoia was built in 1324 with permission of Sultan Orhan, as an encouragement to the Jewish Community, which was suffering under Byzantine rule.
  17. 17. Julius Caesar uttered his famous words: “Veni, Vidi, Vici.” (I came, I saw, I conquered) in 47 B.C. After defeating Pharnaces II, the ruler of Pontus, which was a north-eastern province of Asia Minor on the southern cast of the Black sea.
  18. 18. This ancient city, founded at Gaziantep on the shallowest part along the shores of the River Euphrates in 300 B.C, was conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C and renamed Zeugma.
  19. 19. At the time, with a population of over 80.000, Zeugma was one of the largest cities in the world, bigger than Pompei and Londinium (London) and as big as Athens.
  20. 20. St. Nicholas, who became popular as santa Claus, was born in Demre on Turkey’s Mediterranen Coast.
  21. 21. Turks gave the Dutch their famous tulips.
  22. 22. The last home of virgin Mary is believed to be in Selchuk (Ephesus) Turkey.
  23. 23. According to the researches Noah’s Ark landed on Ağrı Dağı (Mount Ararat) in Eastern Turkey.
  24. 24. Ashure, a pudding with 20 ingredients, said to have been the last meal on Noah’s Ark, is still served throughout Turkey.
  25. 25. St John, St Nicholas, St Paul and St Peter all lived and prayed in southern Anatolia.
  26. 26. Marc Anthony gave Cleopatra part of Turkey’s southern shore as a wedding gift.
  27. 27. Homer was born in Izmir on the west coast of turkey. His famous epic, the iliada, depicts the battles for the city of Troy, also located in Turkey.
  28. 28. Aesop the famed teller of fables, was born in Anatolia too.
  29. 29. Alexander the Great conquered a large part of what is now Turkey and cut the Gordion Knot in the Phrygian capital of Gordium, not far from Turkey’s present-day capital, Ankara.
  30. 30. Early Christians escaping Roman persecution nearly 2000 years ago sheltered in the caves of Cappadocia in Central Anatolia.
  31. 31. Legend has it that the Amazons originated in Turkey’s northern region.
  32. 32. Jewish from many countries have been invited to take refuge in the Ottoman Empire.
  33. 33. The city of Troy, the site of the ancient Trojan wars, is located in Western Turkey, where a replica of the famous Trojan Horse has become a favorite tourist attraction.
  34. 34. Unveiled of the Topkapı palace in 1929 and drawn by the renawned Turkish sailor Piri reis (1457-1555), this map bewildered the world of science, since the mountain ranges in Antarctica,
  35. 35. the nothern and southern coasts of thethe nothern and southern coasts of the America Continents, even the mountainAmerica Continents, even the mountain chains and their summits, only discoveredchains and their summits, only discovered in 1952 with acoustical devices, werein 1952 with acoustical devices, were accurately located and shown on it.accurately located and shown on it.
  36. 36. The conquerer Fatih Sultan Mehmet was the greatest wise man in his century. He knew seven languages. He was a perfect director and commander.
  37. 37. Sultan Mehmet loved reading very much. He was reading philosophical books translated from other languages. He always protected the wise men and their religions were not important for him.
  38. 38. The famous Ottoman Sultan, known to the Europans as Suleyman the magnificent (the giver of law), was a poet who wrote hundreds of poems.
  39. 39. Istanbul’s Grand Bazaar is a 540 year-old covered shopping mall of 64 streets, 4000 shops, 22 entrances, and 25.000 workers.
  40. 40. Turkish carpets are famous in the world. Over the world’s most valuable silk carpet is in the Mevlana Museum in Konya. It has 144 knots per square centimeter!
  41. 41. Marco Polo wrote this fact a long years ago.
  42. 42. From prehistoric man to the Hittites, Anatolian Kingdoms of Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, and Troy, from Homer to Saint Paul, from Alexander to Justinian, Süleyman the Magnificent, and Atatürk,
  43. 43. Anatolia is also the land from which Turkish civilization acquired some of its strongest roots, and most prestigious works of art and literature.
  44. 44. Turkish civilization has a rich culture. It is alsoTurkish civilization has a rich culture. It is also brought up very important and talented persons.brought up very important and talented persons. Today Europan civilization’s root is based on it.Today Europan civilization’s root is based on it.
  45. 45. Islamic Art varies substantially fromIslamic Art varies substantially from Western Art due primarily to restrictionsWestern Art due primarily to restrictions in the Koran on depicting the human the Koran on depicting the human form.
  46. 46. Rather than beingRather than being representationalrepresentational of the profaneof the profane world,world,
  47. 47. the perfection of Ottoman art lies in the pure balance of color, line and rhythm in geometric patterns and designs. Of the Ottoman arts, Calligraphy was the most important.
  48. 48. Turkey has a rich architectural heritage too, andTurkey has a rich architectural heritage too, and many tourists come to see its archaeologicalmany tourists come to see its archaeological monuments and buildings.monuments and buildings.
  49. 49. Istanbul is famous for the Blue Mosque, the Topkapi Palace, Aya Sofya and the Rustem Pasha Mosque.
  50. 50. Mimar Sinan is an architect who grew up in one of the most splendid periods of the Ottoman State,
  51. 51. and who contributed to this era with his works.
  52. 52. The people in Turkey are very familiar with the jokes and stories of Nasreddin Hodja. Since their childhood, people have been hearing these jokes all along. They are part of the Turkish culture.
  53. 53. The whole thing began with a man called Nasreddin Hodja who has lived in central Turkey, in the small town called Aksehir. The jokes were part of his daily life.
  54. 54. Mevlana was not only a great poet and philosopher but first and foremost he was a mystic, a spiritually touched man.
  55. 55. His mind and heart had reached for heights and depths of the spiritual world. The universality of his thought finds its reflection in, for example, the famous verses where he says:
  56. 56. Come! Come whoever you are. Doesn't matter if you are an unbeliever. Doesn't matter if you have fallen a thousand times.
  57. 57. Come! Come whoever you are. For this is not the door of hopelessness. Come, Just as you are!
  58. 58. Turkey, with this rich cultural heritage and potential, is prepared to play its role in the exciting journey and European Union that humanity will embark upon in the new millennium.
  59. 59.