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social science
based on NCERT class 10th textbook

Published in: Education, Technology, Business


  1. 1. Agriculture India’s main occupation Presented By.. Maheshwari Das Harshitha Sarji Namitha B Holla PES Public School , Shimoga Class:10 24:04:2014
  2. 2. Acknowledgement We would like to express our special thanks of gratitude to our teacher Mr. Madhusoodhanan Sir who gave us the golden opportunity to do this wonderful presentation on the topic Agriculture. Which also helped us in doing a lot of research and we came to know about many new things. We are really thankful to you sir. Secondly we would also like to thank our parents who helped us a lot in finishing this presentation within the limited time. We made this project not only for marks but to also increase our knowledge . THANKS AGAIN TO ALL WHO ENCOURAGED US.
  3. 3. Contents • What is agriculture ? • Types of farming • Cropping seasons • Different types of crops • Creative farms
  4. 4. What is Agriculture ? The science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.
  5. 5. Types 0f Farming 1. Primitive subsistence farming 2. Intensive subsistence farming 3. Commercial farming 4. Plantation farming
  6. 6. 1.Primitive subsistence farming i. This is still practiced in India ii. This is practiced in small plot of land with primitive tools like hoe, Dao and digging sticks iii. It depends upon monsoon and climatic conditions iv. It is Slash and Burn agriculture v. Land productive is low because farmers don’t use fertilizers and other modern inputs
  7. 7. Primitive subsistence farming North east council
  8. 8. 2.Intensive subsistence farming • Practiced in area of high population • There is high pressure in land • It is a labor intensive farming • Bio-chemical imputed and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production
  9. 9. Cultivable land is intensively cultivated
  10. 10. 3.Commercial farming I. Higher dose of modern inputs II. The degree of commercialization varies from one region to another III. Example – rice is commercial crop in Punjab and Haryana but subsistence crop in Orissa
  11. 11. Commercial farming
  12. 12. 4.Plantation farming I. It is a type of a commercial farming II. Single crop is grown in a large area III. It has an interface of agriculture and industry IV. It is done on a large tract of land using capital intensive inputs with the help of migrant labors V. Used as raw materials in industries
  13. 13. Coffee Apple Important Plantation Crops
  14. 14. Orange Sugarcane Important Plantation Crops
  15. 15. Cultivation name in different regions Mexico • Milpa Brazil • Roca Africa • Masole
  16. 16. Cropping season 1.Rabi 2.Kharif 3.Zaid
  17. 17. Rice Wheat Millets Major crops Of India
  18. 18. Maize Pulses Major crops of India
  19. 19. Food crops Other than grains
  20. 20. Sugarcane Oil seeds Groundnut
  21. 21. Sugarcane Oil seeds Ground nut It stands second in the world for its production Cooking oil , vegetable oil & lubricating oil Kharif crop It is a crop of tropical wet regions Principal oil seeds- Ground nut ,rape seeds & mustard seeds Accounts about half of the major oil seeds produced in the country Deep fertile soil, alluvial & black soil are ideal soil Others are – sesame, linseed castor seed , sunflower seed , cooton seed & copra It is an oil seed
  22. 22. Beverage Crops
  23. 23. Tea coffee
  24. 24. Horticulture Crops
  25. 25. Major Fruits produced in India are 1. Apple 2. Mango 3. Banana 4. Grapes 5. Orange 6. Lichi
  26. 26. India is the largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world India produces about 13% of the world’s vegetables
  27. 27. India is important producer of 1. Pea 2. Cauliflower 3. Onion 4. Tomato 5. Brinjal 6. Potato
  28. 28. Non-Food crops
  29. 29. Rubber Equatorial crop & grown in tropical and subtropical regions It requires moist and humid climate It is an important industrial raw material It is mainly grown in Kerala Tamilnadu , Karnataka and Andaman and Nicobar islands
  30. 30. Cotton Jute Fiber crops
  31. 31. Requires high temperature light rainfall and bright sunshine for its growth Grown in Maharashtra Karnataka Punjab Gujarat Cotton Requires high temperature , well-drained fertile soil in the flood plains Grown in West Bengal Bihar Assam and Meghalaya Jute
  32. 32. Creative Planting Go green
  33. 33. Agriculture Fields
  34. 34. Scarecrow’s are planted to avoid plant eating birds and animals