china v/s india ppt


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china v/s india ppt

  1. 1. PRESENTATION ON “CHINA OR INDIA, FUTURE LEADER..??” Presented by:- Mahesh Gupta MBA IB
  2. 2. CONTENTS….. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Recent Development History </li></ul><ul><li>Problems of Chinese Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Problems of Indian Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Strengths of Indian Economy </li></ul><ul><li>India or China – Next Superpower </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of China and India and its Influence on the World Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Policy and Implications </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Both are world’s most </li></ul><ul><li>ancient civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese built 4000-mile </li></ul><ul><li>Great Wall some 2000 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Invented bureaucracy </li></ul>
  4. 4. Conti….. <ul><li>Indian contributions to :- </li></ul><ul><li>Algebra, </li></ul><ul><li>Textile, </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry, </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine, </li></ul><ul><li>Metallurgy, and </li></ul><ul><li>Astronomy in the Ancient and Medieval periods </li></ul>
  5. 5. Conti….. <ul><li>India and China, lost their edge somewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Contacts between these two civilizations ceased during the colonial period because the new rulers of the world did not encourage such contacts.  </li></ul><ul><li>When the contacts revived, they turned into conflict and hostility over rival territorial claims in the Himalayan region, the Chinese annexation of Tibet, and the Exile of Dalai Lama into (Dharamsala) India </li></ul>
  6. 6. Recent Development History <ul><li>India became independent peaceful transition of sovereignty from Britain in 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>China had a proletarian revolution in 1949 </li></ul><ul><li>Both democratic India and Communist China embarked upon ambitious science, technology, and economic development programs through centralized planning.  </li></ul><ul><li>That relationship began to crack in 1962 because of the USSR’s reluctance to transfer nuclear technology to the Peoples Republic </li></ul>
  7. 7. Conti….. <ul><li>China continued its isolation and suffered serious stagnation for 20 or so more years </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian economy began to open its door a bit more widely by the middle of the 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>It missed 20 years of the IT revolution that was sweeping the world and driving the global economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM and Coca-Cola were kicked out of India in the middle of 1970s.  </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Conti…. <ul><li>Chinese economy has been growing at about </li></ul><ul><li>9-10% per year (1980) </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per capita of China is the world’s 4th largest economy, overtaking Japan within next 5-10 years </li></ul><ul><li>India has left behind its “Hindu growth rate” of 3% to hit an annual growth rate of 8+%.  </li></ul><ul><li>India’s per capita GDP - 12th largest, 4th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power parity </li></ul>
  9. 9. Problems of Chinese Economic Growth…? <ul><li>Pollution . </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of Power </li></ul><ul><li>Growing Income Inequality. </li></ul><ul><li>Property Boom </li></ul><ul><li>5. Inefficient Banking Sector. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conti…… <ul><li>6. Unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>7. Undervaluation of Yuan. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Overheating Economy. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Huge Balance of Payments Surplus . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Problems Facing Indian Economy…? <ul><li>Inflation. (7-8%) </li></ul><ul><li>Poor educational standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>Balance of Payments deterioration. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conti….. <ul><li>5.High levels of debt </li></ul><ul><li>6.Inequality has risen </li></ul><ul><li>rather than decreased. </li></ul><ul><li>7.Large Budget Deficit. </li></ul><ul><li>8.Rigid labor Laws. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Strengths of Indian Economy <ul><li>Demographics of India are favorable. </li></ul><ul><li>There is much scope for increases in efficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>India is well placed to benefit from globalization and outsourcing.  </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Growth Forecasts </li></ul>
  14. 14. India OR China and Next Superpower …???? <ul><li>According to the US strategic review , Washington wants India to play “a more influential role in global affairs.” On the other hand, the QDR (Quadrennial Defence Review) underscores the US concerns about China’s military ambitions and decision-making processes. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conti….. <ul><li>If the US finds itself more at ease with India, </li></ul><ul><li>rather than China, it makes perfect sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Both are successful, open, and large </li></ul><ul><li>democracies with sound, viable democratic </li></ul><ul><li>institutions as well as independent media and </li></ul><ul><li>judiciary </li></ul>
  16. 16. Growth of China and India and its Influence on the World Economy!! <ul><li>Indicators of the Extent of Integration in World Markets for Goods and Services </li></ul><ul><li>Shares of China and India in Global GDP and its Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Sources and Sustainability of Growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factor Accumulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth in Total Factor Productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External Capital Inflows </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Policy Implications <ul><li>Chinese GDP growth since 1980 - 9% </li></ul><ul><li>India's GDP growth since 1980 - 6% </li></ul><ul><li>With populations of 1.3 and 1.1 billion in 2003, they present huge & fast growing domestic market for a range of goods and services, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and export opportunities for producers in the rest of the world. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Conti…. <ul><li>Their increasing competition for the world’s raw materials and their increasing shares in the global markets for a range of goods and services, is a threat to their prosperity and growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Acceleration of global growth would increase the demand for transport and shipping. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Conclusion…!!! <ul><li>Whether or not India overtakes China in the next two decades, it is clear that both countries will be economic powerhouses in the medium term. Undoubtedly, their growth will have significant impacts on the World economy. </li></ul>
  20. 21. THANK YOU….. Any Queries…????