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public opinion

public opinion

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public opinion

  1. 1. Public opinion Presented by: Rijah Jawwad. Saman Asim.
  2. 2. Evolution, Definition, Meaning , Importance
  3. 3. Evolution : The importance of public opinion developed gradually along with the evolution of democratic institution. In past, political authority remained concentrated mostly either in one person or in an elite group while general people were deprived of political participation. The concept of fundamental rights promoted political consciousness in the general masses hence they became involved in practical politics.
  4. 4. Meaning: – Three different meanings are attached to the concept of public opinion 1 general perception of certain facts 2 the awareness of the people 3 public opinion as a belief system has different connotations. From a different angle , public opinion may be interpreted as the aspiration of a people they intend to put into practice. Public opinion can be effective only when it is formulated on the basis of contemporary realities and established values.
  5. 5. Definition : – Public opinion means the view of people – People’s opinion formed in the general interest and it is not synonymous with the opinion of the majority. – Public opinion is initially the opinion of a few persons who are active in political life. – Their opinion later shapes the general trends of the people and there by transforming it into public opinion.
  6. 6. Importance – Effective public opinion is indispensable for the success of democracy. – Voting behavior on correct lines is also dependent on a sound public opinion. – The success and failure of political parties is also conditioned by the trends of public opinion ,it determines the directions of the whole political life. – Public opinion place a significant role in national reconstruction and development, provided it is well informed and properly guided. – Laswell has rightly observed that public opinion is an effective channel of information flow and instrumental in transmitting cultural legacy and promotion of national integration, provided it is vigilant and well organized.
  7. 7. Cultural Context and Public Opinion , Public Opinion and Propaganda
  8. 8. Cultural context of public opinion – In almost every sphere of human activity there exists vales beliefs and national symbols that mark out the charter of the nation. – These values and beliefs are transmitted to the next generation and preserved as culture heritage. – Established beliefs and values in a society have deep imprints on the behavior and attitude of the people. – Voting-behavior with reference to political culture as been the subject of political enquiry most popular among the western researches.it helps in the measurement of public opinion hence imperative for political parties to know the popular trends.
  9. 9. Impact of cultural values – During the research on voting behavior it was found that the values of people have deep impact on their action and thoughts. – During the elections The clever politicians try to exploit this expect of social life using attractive slogans.
  10. 10. Impact of institutional settings – The institutions such as family clan, primary, schools and religious institutions act as a channel of transmitting old values to new generations. Cultural heritage of people set the tone of social life. – The study of these primary institutions is vital in eliciting public opinion in cultural perspective.
  11. 11. Political system and cultural heritage – The importance of cultural values in third world societies is more deep rooted than developed societies. – Infra structure of British political system is based on convections and traditions. – Thus no leader and political party can dare to violate the established values – The people of Pakistan also gave importance to cultural heritage, no party in Pakistan can afford the basic values and beliefs that underlie the ideology of this country.
  12. 12. Public opinion and propaganda – The process of influencing public opinion is called propaganda it involves influencing the opinion of others with the help of arguments, evidence etc. . In the light of the view point of a particular person. – Propaganda is regarding as the most effective technique to influence others techniques . It was use in a way that the concept became synonymous with evil. – In modern democracies political parties make use of propaganda to influence public influence. – During war points propaganda is used in most scientific manner to tame down enemy and boost up the morale of nation. In its global perspective it aims at winning sympathies of other nations through holding the rival nation responsible for waging war.
  13. 13. Methods – Media is regarding as the most effective channel of communication to affect once ideas. – Another method that was commonly use was the indoctrination of a particular thought, known as brain washing.
  14. 14. Limitations – Despite the development of most effective techniques, propaganda has its limitation too. It cannot completely change a thinking of people – Established values popular trend and instinctive behavior of man kind are the others factors that limit the effect of propaganda.
  15. 15. THANK YOU….!

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