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Concept of civilization in islam

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Concept of civilization in islam

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Concept of civilization in islam

  1. 1.  Civilization is the manifestation of beliefs in every aspect of human life. Its the manifestation of Islamic faith (tawhid) in every aspect of Muslim life. To determined the value of civilization we should delve deep into its soul and explore its foundation. science and manners, arts and crafts, ways of social life, style of culture and conduct of politics, or a conglomeration of these things, are the branches of 'civilization” The Meaning of Civilization
  2. 2.  1. The concept about worldly life 2. The aim of life 3. The fundamental thoughts and beliefs 4. The training of individuals 5. The collective system The Ingredients of Civilization
  3. 3.  The Prophet’s Sunnah is the second source, right after the Quran, of Islamic Shariah (Law)  The Quran establishes the bases and principles of legislation, whereas the Sunnah provides theoretical interpretation as well as example and practical application.  The Prophet (SAW) guidance as exemplified in the Sunnah guides Muslims to three basic inseparable aspects of civilization named as:  civilized Fiqh (Jurisprudence),  civilized conduct, and  civilized structure. “Sunnah “ A Source of Civilization
  4. 4.  it is the civilization of balance and moderation which is the basis on which a just and distinguished Nation. Almighty Allah described it saying what means “And so We have appointed you as a just and distinguished Nation.” (Al-Baqarah 2:143)
  5. 5.  The Five Pillars of Islam FAITH PRAYER ALMSGIVING FASTING PILGRIMAGE
  6. 6. Shahada Say: “There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his Prophet” Salah Muslims must face Mecca five times daily and pray Zakat Means giving to the poor Sawm Muslims must fast during Ramadan to atone for sins Hajj Able-bodied Muslims who can afford it must travel to Mecca
  7. 7.  any civilization void of spiritual and moral values and lacks the factors of internal and external balance is a weak civilization liable to degradation and corruption, and hence it cannot stand for long.  It is worth-mentioning that the Muslim civilization has several features, such as extensiveness, encompassment, multiplicity, variety, ideality and reality.  It is also a divine civilization as it has been based on the stable, consistent, universal Islamic values  And thus We have made you a middle nation. [Al-Baqarah] : 143] Strong VS weak civilization
  8. 8.  Culture and its concept in islam.
  9. 9.  contents
  10. 10.  Culture?  Culture is that complete set which includes knowledge,belief,art,moral law,customs and many other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.
  11. 11.  culture  Culture is that complete set which includes knowledge,belief,art,mor al law,customs and many other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. civilization  The way of being moral.  Derived from word madan means city.  Complete figure of advance socity.  The way of being well mannerd.  collection of many cultures within a large community
  12. 12.  religion  It is a broad word or term.  Culture is part of religion.  Religion relates with holy things.
  13. 13.   Aim of worldly life:what is the the aim of human life?what is world?what is the relationship of a man and world?  Aim of life:what is the aim of life?  Basic Thoughts:  Principles of individual life:  Principles of social life:
  14. 14.   shahda  Salah  Zakat  Sawm  hajj
  15. 15. •Oneness of ALLAH •Risalat •Qayamat •Taqwa
  16. 16.  CULTURE AND CIVILIZATION
  17. 17.   Culture → wide range of ideas, feelings, beliefs and habits an individual shares with other members of his or her society.  Civilization → collection of many cultures within a large community.
  18. 18.  Components of Culture
  19. 19.  The 'Five Pillars' of Islam  Faith or belief in the Oneness of ALLAH and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad(P.B.U.H).  Establishment of the daily prayers.  Concern for and almsgiving to the needy(Zakaat).  Self-purification through fasting.  The pilgrimage to Mecca for those who are able.
  20. 20.  ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION In the 8th and 9th centuries, under the Abbasid caliphs, Muslim civilization entered its golden age. • Islamic civilization creatively integrated Arabic, Byzantine, Persian, and Indian cultural traditions. • During the Early Middle Ages, when learning was at a low point in western Europe, the Muslims preserved the philosophical and scientific heritage of the ancient world.
  21. 21.  The Eight Elements or Features of Civilization Historians can classify civilizations when they are able to distinguish these eight features:  Cities  Government  Social Classes  Technology  Religion (sometimes)  Arts and Architecture  Job Specialization  Public Works  Writing Systems
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