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AIM,OBJECTIVE AND PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

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Education is a systematic process through which a child or an adult acquires knowledge, experience, skill and sound attitude. It makes an individual civilized, refined, cultured and educated.

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AIM,OBJECTIVE AND PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION Education is a systematic process through which a child or an adult acquires knowledge, experience, skill and sound attitude. It makes an individual civilized, refined, cultured and educated.
  2. 2. MEANING OF EDUCATION  derived from two Latin words  Educare (Educere) - to train or mould.  “Educatum” - act of teaching  In Hindi, the term “Siksha” derived from Sanskrit word  Shash- to discipline, to control, to order, to direct, to rule etc.  Education in the traditional sense means controlling or disciplining the behaviour of an individual.
  3. 3. DEFINITION OF EDUCATION  “Education is a process for training of hand, head, and heart. It is all round drawing the best in child’s to man’s body, mind and soul”. - M.K.Gandhi  “Education is the manifestation of divine perfection already existing in man”. - Vivekananda
  4. 4. PHILOSOPHY derived from two Greek words Philo” (love) Sophia” (wisdom) Means love of wisdom
  5. 5. CONT………  Question of philosophical enquiry  What is life  What is man  What is man s origins  What is mans destiny Philosopher try to answer these questions according to their own mature reflection and thinking and these different answer lead to different philosophies.
  6. 6. DEFINITIONS OF PHILOSOPHY  Philosophy is science of science -Coleridge  Philosophy is search for a comprehensive view of nature , an attempt at universal explanation of nature of thing -Henderson  philosophy is science knowledge -fitch
  7. 7. PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION Philosophy of education may be define as Application of fundamental principle of philosophy of life to the work of education .philosophy of education offer a definite set of principles and establishes a definite set of aims and objectives. It offers criteria for intelligent interpretation of educational end and means.
  8. 8. NEED FOR PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION  Philosophy give direction to education by certain guideline  By Philosophy of education that the school , officials , teachers and even parents are coordinate their efforts towards achieving an aim and without philosophy of education all over prove useless or not fruitful  It attempts to establish coherent meaning within the whole domain of thought
  9. 9. DIFFERENT PHILOSOPHIES Traditional Philosophy of Education  Naturalism  Idealism  Realism  Pragmatism Modern contemporary philosophy of education  Progressivism  Essentialism  Reconstructionism  eclecticsm
  10. 10. RELATION BETWEEN EDUCATION AND PHILOSOPHY
  11. 11. PHILOSOPHY AND AIMS OF EDUCATION  Aims of education are determined by aim of life or philosophy of life.  Philosophy formulates the ends of life, and education offers suggestions how these ends are to be achieved.  Aims of education change with the changing philosophy of life.
  12. 12. PHILOSOPHY AND CURRICULUM  Philosophy determines the aims of education and curriculum determines how these aims can be attained.  The curriculum is the means to attain aims of education. Curriculum is to be determined by the educational objectives which are again determined by philosophy.
  13. 13. PHILOSOPHY AND TEXT BOOKS  The text books constitute the part of curriculum.  The adoption of appropriate textbooks is, therefore closely connected with philosophy.  Philosophy is reflected in the content material of text-books.
  14. 14. PHILOSOPHY AND METHODS OF TEACHING  Method of teaching is procedure or art use by teacher in the communication of knowledge to the students and realized aims of education.  aims of education are subject to the philosophy of life. therefore, that close relationship between philosophy and methodology of teaching.  Every philosopher formulates his own methods of teaching, according to his own philosophy.
  15. 15. PHILOSOPHY AND DISCIPLINE - The nature or type of discipline is always determined by the philosophy.  Naturalism emphasizes self- assertion of the individual, as against blind obedience to authority.  The Idealism relies much on the personality of the teacher for the maintenance of discipline.
  16. 16. PHILOSOPHY AND TEACHER The teacher is the soul of the educative process and teacher instill belief ,knowledge and influence personality of student ,to be a successful teacher he should know philosophy of education
  17. 17. PHILOSOPHY AND EVALUATION  Evaluation is the continuous process of measuring the educational achievements in the light of educational aims already determined. Educational aims are determined by philosophy of life.  For effective evaluation need clear knowledge of educational aims and definite educational objectives.
  18. 18. PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING EDUCATION  based CRISTIAN philosophy  According to it ‘’ god is creator and provider of man and the universe. The maxims of CRISTIAN philosophy are ‘love of god ‘and love the neighbour.  man was created by god as unit for purpose of serving him in heaven.
  19. 19. CONT……..  Education hold all aspect of human life with the view in regulating and perfecting life in accordance with life of Christ, by which man may attain the life goal for which he was created. It affects all aspect of nursing student life such as  Spiritual  Moral  Intellectual  Emotional  Physical  Social
  20. 20. CONT….. According to Christian philosophy, nursing is considered as ‘profession of charity’
  21. 21. CONT……  During the course of time changes have taken place in the field of education, health care, sociocultural aspect, science and technology . So changes has also take place in the field of nursing education also  it is not advisable to adhere to only one type of philosophy so , the nursing also is following the path of eclecticism to draw the best and useful aspect from various educational philosophies and make one’s own philosophy.
  22. 22. CONT…….  Nursing is concern with human welfare .It considers health as a fundamental right. Nursing is a service to individual , people or community without any distinction between cast, creed, sex, color, rich, poor, age or religion hence nursing is concerned with a philosophical outlook i.e. the individual has intrinsic value and there is worth inherent in human life.
  23. 23. CONT……  Nursing requires critical thinking, logic, and judgment, it is a problem solving and decision-making process  The learning experience should equip the learner with skills in problem solving, decision- making and critical thinking.  Nursing action are based on scientific principles and nursing curriculum should include physical science, biological, anatomy, physiology, microbiology and other relevant subject.
  24. 24. CONT……  Nurse will have active voice as a democratic citizen has responsibility for political, social, legal related to health care matter of society  Nurse is a socializing agent, consumer advocate and protector.  Nursing is a profession and it reflects professionalism, professional adjustment and research.
  25. 25. CONT………………….  Nursing roles in order of priority are educative, preventive, promotive, rehabilitative, therapeutic and supportive.  The requirement for professional nursing care includes clinical knowledge, judgment, technical competency, health knowledge, teaching skills, realization of professional responsibilities.
  26. 26. IMPORTANCE OF NURSING EDUCATION  Philosophy will determine the selection of student  Preparation of faculty  Development of curriculum  Attitudes towards client and community, personal life and professional growth of students and faculty  prepare a person who can fulfill the role, function and responsibilities of professional nurse within society. The philosophy is developed by each faculty of individual school of nursing together with nurse leaders and nurse administrators.
  27. 27. CONCLUSION  education is the development of individual according to his needs and demands of society and philosophy of education establishes a definite set of aims and objectives  Education also closely related to human life as philosophy. Therefore, being an important life activity and education is greatly influenced by philosophy inVarious aspect.
  28. 28. ASSIGNMENT  Explain relationship between education and philosophy

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