Compiling Bibliography

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Compiling Bibliography

  1. 1. 1.0 IntroductionBibliographyThe bibliography is a fundamental part of the research, even if it stands at the very endand sometimes is just considered an appendix. The bibliography is sometimes calledWorks Cited or Works Consulted. In fact it shows the breadth of the research, the varietyof sources used and the level of specialization reached in a research subject. Bibliographyentries must be written in a very specific format and should be listed in alphabetical orderand are arrange accordingly using MLA, APA, or Turabian style.Bibliography entries will include: Publication Date or Year Title of Other related Author of source Information information PublicationThe key function of bibliography as follows; to enable the people who are reading the report or article to check the facts and to see if author used them correctly ; to make it easy and help curious readers to locate the sources that can be found on the subject ; to give credit to other authors whose work youve consulted in the research, and to guide readers of the research work into the field 1
  2. 2. Therefore it is essential for a bibliography to be clear and straightforward, inaddition to being well combined and consistent with the reference system. Bibliographyentries are usually written in a hanging indent style. This means that the first line of eachcitation is not indented, but subsequent lines of each citation are indented.Subject Matter – Economics Economics is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, andconsumption of goods and services. The term economics comes from the Ancient Greekoikonomia, which means management of a household, administration. Current economicmodels emerged from the broader field of political economy in the late 19th century. Aprimary stimulus for the development of modern economics was the desire to use anempirical approach more akin to the physical sciences. Economics aims to explain how economies work and how economic agentsinteract. Economic analysis is applied throughout society, in business, finance andgovernment, but also in crime, education, the family, health, law, politics, religion, socialinstitutions, war, and science. 2
  3. 3. 2.0 Scope and Objective Economy has been an important topic to be discussed since 19th Century untiltoday. Economic issues have been published widely in mass media and being discussedin seminars, conference and parliament. The world have discuss deeply on economics toensure financial stability of the world economic arena. Economics is a knowledge whichuseful to everyone. Via economics, we learnt a lot of skills and knowledge that you canapply to other jobs or to your personal life. Learning about interest rates, exchange rates,economic indicators and equity markets can help you make better decisions aboutinvesting and obtaining mortgages. Economics will also provide an understanding of how the world works. Fromeconomics, you will learn more about the impact decisions have on the firm, industry,and national level. You will learn more about the impact of international trade, both goodand bad. You will discover the effect government policies have on the economy and onemployment; again both good and bad. It will help you make more informed decisions asboth a consumer and as a voter. Furthermore, I personally believe that having a moreeconomically literate set of bureaucrats, politicians, and journalists would be great forsociety - so long as they always keep an open mind about what theyve been exposed to.Economics, when done properly, shouldnt so much tell people what to think, rather itshould give them tools about how to think of things more clearly and realizing theassumptions they may be making. With the above fact, the team has decided to provide sufficient bibliographiesrecord on economic subject, in view of providing available and dependable sources list topublic. 3
  4. 4. 3.0 Arrangement As mentioned above, the bibliographies record entries are arranged accordinglybased on alphabetical order. Alphabetical order is a method of sorting in which objectsare arranged according to the order that the letters of their name or another importantcharacteristic appear in an alphabet. The advantage of using this order is that it isextremely easy to search. Given the word an entry would be filed under, it is usuallypossible to determine the information or subject matter it would be filed in, and fromthere it is usually fairly simple to further narrow your search, looking at any entry willallow you to determine if the object of your search would precede or follow it. 4
  5. 5. 4.0 Language of material As the bibliographies list is produced in Malaysia, we have decided to exploreboth languages, Bahasa Melayu and English sources available in the library. Thus, thebibliographies list consists of both languages in order to facilitate Malaysian potentialusers with specific sources. 5
  6. 6. 5.0 Level of bibliography Knowledge transfer is also about conveying the right message to the right targetaudience. The aim of these bibliographies was to determine the proportion of sources thathad may be related to Economics study, with providing a clear useful resources andpotential materials for their further perusal. The target audience in the list as a whole alsoto examine their involvement with different field factors. As discussed, the bibliographies list may be suited potential audiences as below; Banker Economist Lecturer Politician Researcher Librarian Student 6
  7. 7. 6.0 Limitation or problem A task or project will not be easily completed. Thus, we have faced severallimitations and problems towards completing this bibliography listing. The majorlimitation and problem, as below ; unavailability Limited available sources in PTAR has encouraged us to gather more sources from National Library and Bank Negara Malaysia Special Library. Economic sources and material seems easy to obtain, because it is an universal issues and knowledges to be studied, therefore, we have to wisely decide the best resources to be listed in the list. Some of the sources and material was not classified and catalogued properly, which resulted unavailability of the sources call number. OPAC services, provided by the National Library seems does not provide all of their collections in the system. Thus, we have explored rack by rack on the subject matter in obtaining suitable sources. Some of the potential sources in National Library are not available, due to in the process of shifting to the new building. Proper announcement should be made in informing public on unavailability of the sources. 7
  8. 8. 7.0 Bibliography of Economic The list of available sources which we have referred, as listed below; Conference Published Unpublished Annual Reports Encyclopedias Conference Proceedings Dissertations Papers Article in Unpublished Video Weblog Journal - Books Forecasts Conference Post continuous Papers Government Atlas Edited Books Reports Publication Biographies Dictionaries Handbooks Magazines Printed Signed Microfiche and Blog Directories Articles Microfilm Electronic Books Journal with Newpapers Newsletter DOI 8
  9. 9. 7.1 Annual ReportsBank Negara Malaysia Annual Report. (2009). Financial stability [Annual Report]. Kuala Lumpur: Bank Negara Malaysia.Call Number : MS 323.11 BNMLTP fLocation : Malaysiana Collection, Perpustakaan Negara MalaysiaType : PrintedLaporan Tahunan Bank Negara Malaysia. (2007). Laporan kestabilan ekonomi dan sistem pembayaran [Laporan Tahunan]. Kuala Lumpur: Bank Negara Malaysia.Call Number : 323.09595 LKKSP MSLocation : Malaysiana Collection, Perpustakaan Negara MalaysiaType : Printed 9
  10. 10. 7.2 Article in journal - continuous paginationDavid, B. (1975). Monetary policies. Journal of monetary economic, 24(2), 120-125.Call Number : 332.05 JME SLocation : Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedMohammad Aslam. (2008). Economic Inside. IIUM journal of strategic economic, 16(1), 4-7.Call Number : Ms 330.0917671 IIUMLocation : Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 10
  11. 11. 7. 3 AtlasCastello, L. (Ed.). (1991). The economist atlas: Economic, politics, resources, trans and people. London: Business Books.Call Number : R 330 0223 EcoLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 11
  12. 12. 7.4 BiographiesBeck, Peter I. (Ed.). (1997). The business who’s who of Australia (31st ed.). New Zealand: Dan & Bradstreet Marketing.Call Number : R 338. 40994Location : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedOutman, L., & Elisabeth, M. (Eds.). (1946). Industrial and economy revolution biographies. San Diego: Thamson Gale.Call Number : R 330. 90340922 OUTLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 12
  13. 13. 7.5 BlogBoockvar, Peter. (2011, April 15). Economic data. Message posted to http://www.ritholtz.com/blog/2011/04/economic-data-53/Call Number : Not ApplicableLocation : The Big Picture Blog, http://www.ritholtz.com/blog/2011/04/economic-data-53/Type : Non Printed - Online 13
  14. 14. 7.6 BooksAndlley , K. K.(1964). Public economic and public finance: With special reference to undeveloped countries. New Delhi: R.P.Mandir.Call Number : 336.091724 AND dLocation : Open Shelves, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedStabile, D. (2005). Forerunner of modern financial economic: A random walk in the history of economic thought. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar.Call Number : 332.015195 STALocation : Open Shelves, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedZulkifly Osman. (1992). Ekonomi kewangan. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.Call Number : 332.01 ZUL MLocation : Malaysiana Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 14
  15. 15. 7.7 Books (Edited)Kline, J.K. (Ed.). (2010). Ethnics for international business. (2nd ed.). New York: Rout Ledge.Call Number : 174.4 Kli NbLocation : Open Shelves, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedMorgan, T., & Spoelstra, N. (Eds.). (1969). Economic interdependence in Southeast Asia. Madison: Wisconsin Press.Call Number : 338.9159 Eco DLocation : Open Shelves, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 15
  16. 16. 7.8 DictionariesForbes, E. (Ed.). (1992). Dictionary of Malaysian business. Malaysia: Pelanduk Paperbacks.Call Number : 650.03 FOR MRLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedHanson, J. (Ed.). (1974). Dictionary of economist and commerce (3rd ed.). London: Macdonald and Evans.Call Number : 330.03 HAN RLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedJohn, M. (Ed.). (2002). Dictionary of economist and financial planner (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Call Number : R 330.03 BLALocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 16
  17. 17. 7.9 DirectoriesCapie, F. (Ed.). (1990). Directory of economic institutions. United States: Stockton Press.Call Number : 330. 072 CAPLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedEldridge, G., & Karges, K. (Eds.). (2002). Business organization, agencies, and publication directory. (14th ed.). Detroit: The Gale Group.Call Number : R 061. 3 BUS fLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedLavalle, D. (1995). International directory of business and management scholars and research 1995-1996. Michigan: Harvard Business School Press.Call Number : KHM 650 INT fLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 17
  18. 18. 7.10 Electronic Journal Article with DOI (Direct Object Identifier) AssignedAoki, M., & Yoshikawa, H. (2009). The nature of equilibrium in macroeconomics: A critique of equilibrium search theory economics. Economics E-Journal, 3(3), 29- 37. doi:10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2009-37Call Number : Not ApplicableLocation : Economics E-Journal http://dx.doi.org/10.5018/economics ejournal.ja.2009-37Type : Non Printed - Online 18
  19. 19. 7.11 EncyclopediasGreenwald, D. (1982). The Mg Graw-Hill encyclopedia of economics. (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Mg Graw-Hill.Call Number : R 330. 03 MAC GLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedPaxson, D., & Word, D. (Eds.). (1997). The blackwell encyclopedia of management finance. (1st ed.). United States of America: Blackwell Publisher.Call Number : R 658. 003 BLALocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 19
  20. 20. 7.12 ForecastEconomist Intelligent Unit. (2005). Country forescast Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur: The Economist Intelligent Unit.Call Number : S 330.9597 CFLocation : ASEAN Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedEconomist Intelligent Unit. (2006). Country forescast Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: The Economist Intelligent Unit.Call Number : S 330.9598 CFLocation : ASEAN Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedEconomist Intelligent Unit. (2004). Country forescast Thailand. Kuala Lumpur: The Economist Intelligent Unit.Call Number : S 330.95993 CFLocation : ASEAN Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 20
  21. 21. 7.13 Government PublicationMalaysia, Kerajaan Persekutuan. (1999). Government gazette on economy. 31(14). Kuala Lumpur: Government of Malaysia.Call Number : Not AvailableLocation : Koleksi Haram, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 21
  22. 22. 7.14 HandbooksBirn, R., Hague, P., & Vangader, P. (1990). A handbook of market research techniques. Kuala Lumpur: Kogan Page.Call Number : 658.83 HANLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedBrynjolfsson, J., Frank, J., & Fabuzzi. (1999). Handbook of inflation indexed bonds. Pennsylvania: Dencver.Call Number : 338.528 HAN DLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedErdman, P. (1985). Paul Erdman’s money guide: An investor’s guide to economics and finance. London: Sphere Book.Call Number : 332.04 ERD DLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 22
  23. 23. 7.15 MagazinesAbdul Kadir Jasin. (2011, January). Economic and market outlook 2011. Malaysian Business, 147(1), 12-17.Call Number : MS 338.09595 MBLocation : Malaysiana Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedCarlo N. F. (1998, March). Economics in conversation. Harvard college economist, 23(1), 22-25.Call Number : KHMS 330 HCELocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedEdwards, R. (1993, May). The pursuit of economy reason. The Economist, 323, 46-50.Call Number : 330 EDW KHMLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 23
  24. 24. 7.16 Microfiche and MicrofilmKhoo, T. H. (1982). The economy of kampongs in malaysia. [Microfilm]. Singapore: University of Singapore Library.Call Number : 330. 959 5121 KHO mkmLocation : Koleksi Nadir, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : FilmZeti Akhtar Aziz. (2000). Islamic banking and finance economics progress and prospects collected speekers. [Microfiche]. Kuala Lumpur: Bank Negara Malaysia.Call Number : 332.10917671 ZET MLocation : Koleksi Nadir, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Film 24
  25. 25. 7.17 NewsletterArndt, H. W. (1978). Bulletin of Indonesia economic studies. New Zealand: Australian National University Canberra.Call Number : S 330. 9598 BIESLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedMalaysia, Bank Negara. (1998). Buletin ekonomi suku tahun. Kuala Lumpur: Bank Negara Malaysia.Call Number : 332.11209595 BNM BES fmsLocation : Koleksi Fana, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedSingapore International Chamber of Commerce. (1973). Singapore international chamber of commerce economic bulletin. Singapore: The National Cash Register Company (Singapore) Sdn Bhd.Call Number : S 382. 095952 EB. FLocation : Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed. 25
  26. 26. 7.18 NewspaperArif Nizam Abdullah. (2008, Febuari 25). Nilai dagangan Malaysia cecah RM 1.10 bilion. Utusan Malaysia, p. 19.Call Number : Not AvailableLocation : Newspaper Cutting Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedKamal Idris. (2010, April 7). NEM will offer better deal for all. New Strait Times, p. 4.Call Number : Not AvailableLocation : Newspaper Cutting Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 26
  27. 27. 7.19 Printed Signed Article – MonthlyColes, P., Philip, B., & Levine, A. (2000, July). The job for new economists: A market design perspective. Harvard Business School, 34(5), 22-27.Call Number : Not AvailableLocation : Harvard Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedRamon, C., & Zhu, F. (2009, August). Business model innovation and competitive imitation. Harvard Business School, 37(4), 89-97.Call Number : Not AvailableLocation : Harvard Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedShawn, C. (2010, March). Financial development, bank ownership and growth or, does quantity imply quality. The Harvard Economics Review, 14(1), 156-161.Call Number : Not AvailableLocation : Harvard Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 27
  28. 28. 7.20 Published Conference PaperMarzunisham Omar. (1997). Islamic economic capital. In Mohd Nor Mashor. (Ed.). An evolvement of islamic economic capital: Proceedings of the International Islamic Capital Market Conference at Shangrila Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, June 15-16, 1997, (pp. 39-47). Kuala Lumpur: Security Commission.Call Number : 332.63209595. INT fmLocation : Conference Paper Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedSyed Abdullah Syed Muhammad. (1990). Nurturing economic and finance growth. In Abdul Razak Hussein (Ed.), Long term relationship between economic growth and stock market development: Proceedings of the 2nd Islamic Economics Conference (iECONS), at Wisma Putra, Kuala Lumpur, July 17-19, 1990, (p. 14). Kuala Lumpur: Bank Negara Malaysia.Call Number : 297.273 INT fmLocation : Conference Paper Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 28
  29. 29. 7.21 ReportsMalaysia, Kementerian Kewangan. (2009). Laporan Ekonomi [Report]. Kuala Lumpur: Kementerian Kewangan.Call Number : MS 330. 9595 MKKLE fLocation : Malaysiana Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 29
  30. 30. 7.22 Unpublished Conference Paper.Edward, B. (2000, May). Economic growth of asia. Paper presented at Europe Asia Economy Summit, Kuala Lumpur.Call Number : M 658.049 Edr FLocation : Conference Paper Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : PrintedZamani Abdul Ghani. (2010, August). Capital rising in Malaysia: A changing financial landscape. Paper presented at Global Islamic Financial Forum, Kuala Lumpur.Call Number : M.658.1522 Zag FLocation : Conference Paper Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 30
  31. 31. 7.25 Unpublished DissertationPerry, J. L. (1991). What comes to mind is how women have made the impact in economics that impact greatly, that can tip the scales in the economy. Unpublished postgraduate dissertation, Monash University.Call Number : 330 RES ALocation : ASEAN Reference Collections, Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM)Type : Printed 31
  32. 32. 7.26 Video Web Log PostChristensen, C. (2002, May 23). The innovation economy: How technology is transforming existing industries and creating new ones. [Video File]. Video posted to http://www.mitworld.mit.edu/Call Number : Not ApplicableLocation : http://mitworld.mit.edu/video/108Type : Non Printed - OnlineMishel, L. (2009, May 21). What economy needs now. [Video file]. Video posted to http://www.fora.tv.com/Call Number : Not ApplicableLocation : http://fora.tv/2009/09/08/Type : Non Printed - OnlineWilliam, W. (2008, August 5). Free market economics. [Video file]. Video posted to http://www.c-spanvideo.org/Call Number : Not ApplicableLocation : http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/280293-4 32
  33. 33. 8.0 Conclusion Bibliographies can be invaluable in the research process, especially when workingwith large numbers of sources over a long period of time. It is very difficult (if notimpossible) to recall details about every source on a given topic. Well-writtenbibliography can help crystallize key information presented in each article or research,preserving it in a format that can be easily accessed and revisited at any stage of thewriting process. A bibliography can be created in response to a specific research question, or itmight represent exploratory research on a broader topic at an earlier stage of the researchprocess. Writing about each source individually helps clarify and situate the perspectivesof different approaches to a given topic. In this way, the bibliography can serve as the“nuts and bolts” of the research, laying out different themes and positions that haveemerged about the topic in the research. Bibliography can be referred in view ofobtaining further knowledge via the sources which has been used. These bibliographies are an initial contribution to economist, students, lecturersand community to explore deeply using varieties of source available in studyingeconomics. We believe, these bibliographies may help researchers to obtain valid andreliable sources offered by information agencies, in Malaysia especially. 33

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