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Role & functions of finance manager


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Role & functions of finance manager

  1. 1. Reshav Mahajan B.B.A Financial Management (presentation) Topic – Role & Functions of a finance manager
  2. 2. •“Definitions” •Financial management is the operational activity of a business that is responsible for obtaining and effectively utilizing the funds necessary for efficient operations". • Joseph and Massie. •Financial management is an area of financial decision- making, harmonizing individual motivesand enterprise goals • Weston and Brigham. •Financial management is the area of business management devoted to a judicious used of capital and a careful selection of sources of capital in order to enable
  3. 3. •Financial management is that part of management which is concerned mainly with raising funds in the most economic and suitable manner . •Using these funds as profitably (for a given risk level)as possible. •Planning future operations. • Controlling current performances •Future developments through financial accounting, cost accounting, budgeting, statistics and other means. •It guides investment where opportunity is the greatest, producing relatively uniform yardsticks for judging most of the firms operations and projects, and is continually concerned with achieving an adequate rate of return on investment . •Management provides the best guide-ship for present and future resource allocation of a firm. It provides relatively uniform yardsticks for judging most of the operations and projects.Financial What Financial Management Means ???
  4. 4. Role & Functions of a finance Manager … Determining Financial Needs One of the most important functions of the financial manager is to ensure availability of adequate funds. Financial needs have to be assessed for different purposes. Money may be required for initial promotional expenses, fixed capital and working capital needs. Promotional
  5. 5. Determining the Sources of Funds The financial manager has to choose the various sources of funds. He may issue different types of securities. He may borrow from a number of financialinstitutions and the public. When a firm is new and small and little known in financial circles, thefinancial manager faces a great challenge in raising funds. Even when he has a choice inselecting sources of funds, he should exercise it with great care and caution. A firm is committedto the lenders of finance and has to meet various terms and conditions on which they offer credit.To be precise, the financial manager must definitely know what he is doing. Financial Analysis It is the evaluation and interpretation of a firms financial position and operations, and involves the comparison and interpretation of accounting data. The financial manager has to interpret different statements. He has to use a large number of ratios to analyse the financial status and activities of his firm. He is required to measure its liquidity, determine its profitability and assets and overall performance in financial terms. This is often a challenging task, because he must understand the importance of each one of these aspects to the firm and heshould be crystal clear in his mind about the purposes for which liquidity, profitability and performance are to be measured.
  6. 6. Optimal Capital Structure The financial manager has to establish an optimum capital structure and ensure the maximum rate of return on investment. The ratio between equity and other liabilities carrying fixed charges has to be defined. In the process, he has to consider the operating and financial leverages of his firm. The operating leverage exists because of operating expenses, while financial leverage exists because of the amount of debt involved in a firms capital structure. The financial manager should have adequate knowledge of different empirical studies on the optimum capital structure and find out whether, and to what extent, he can apply their findings to the advantage of the firm. Profit Planning and Control Profit planning and control have assumed great importance in the financial activities of modern business. Economists have long before considered the importance of profit maximization in influencing business decisions. Profit planning ensures attainment of stability and growth. In view of the fact that earnings are the most important measure of corporate performance, the profit test is constantly used to gauge success of a firms activities.
  7. 7. 1.Estimation of capital requirements 2.Choice of sources of funds 3.Investment of funds 4.Disposal of surplus 5.Management of cash 6.Financial controls
  8. 8. In few lines A finance manager plays a very important role in a organisation .As all the decisions about finance are to be declared from the table of finance manager and finance is the basic thing of an organisation .It is a basic need fror survival of an organisation .And functions of a finance manager are steps by which organisation would grow and yield more & more profit …
  9. 9. Role n Functions of a manager never ends Thankyo