About the Iliad
The Iliad is an epic poem in dactylic
hexameters, traditionally attributed to
Homer. It was set in the Trojan War where it
tells the story of how the battle between
Agamemnon and Achilles started. “Iliad”
means “the story of Ilion.”
He is the King of Mycenae and leader of the
Greeks. Agamemnon is the son of King
Atreus of Mycenae. He is also the brother of
Menelaus and the husband of Clytemnestra.
Agamemnon was the commander of the
Achaeans in the ensuing Trojan War.
Zeus is the “Father of God and men.” He
was the god of sky and thunder in Greek
Mythology. Zeus was the child of Cronus
and Rhea, and the youngest of his siblings.
In most traditions, he was married to Hera,
although, at the oracle of Dodona, his consort
was Dione. He is the father of Aphrodite .
Apollo is one of the most important and
diverse of the Olympian deities. He is the god
of light and the sun, truth and prophecy,
medicine, healing and plague. Apollo is the
son of Zeus and Leto and has a twin sister
Poseidon is the son of Kronos, brother of
Zeus and lord of the sea. He was seen as
creating new islands and offering calm seas.
Whenever Poseidon was offended or ignored,
he struck the ground with his trident and
caused chaotic springs, earthquakes,
drownings, and shipwrecks. He also caused
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love,
beauty, and sexuality. Her Roman
equivalent is the goddess Venus. Aphrodite
was born when Cronus cut off Uranus’
genitals and threw them into the sea and
from the sea foam (aphros) arose Aphrodite.
She also promised Paris the most beautiful
woman in the world--- Helen.
In Greek mythology, Achilles was a Greek
hero of the Trojan War, the central character
and the greatest warrior of Homer’s Iliad. It
stated that Achilles was invulnerable in all
of his body except for his heel. The term
“Achilles heel” has come to mean a person’s
In Greek mythology, Hector is a Trojan
prince and the greatest fighter of Troy in the
Trojan War. Hector did not approve of war
between the Greeks and the Trojans. Hector
commanded the Trojan army, with a number
Athena is the goddess of war, civilization,
wisdom, strength, strategy, craft, justice,
and skill in Greek mythology. Athena is the
virgin patron of Athens. Athena is also a
shrewd companion of heroes and the goddess
of heroic endeavour.
Helen was the daughter of Zeus and Leda. Her
abduction by Paris is the way the Trojan War came
up. Her name first appeared in poems by Homer.
The marriage of Helen and Menelaus marked the
beginning of the end of the age of heroes. Helen
was presented as being born from an egg. She was
named the most beautiful woman in the world.
Menelaus was a legendary king of
Mycenaean . He was the son of Atreus and
Aerope, and brother of Agamemnon king of
Mycenae and leader of the Greek army
during the war.