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Sap automation testing using qtp online training


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QTP Integrates with SAP TAO
Simplify and speed up the test design process with a groundbreaking innovation called “components” (business process building blocks).
Automatically generate business components using a specific application’s metadata—this can save months in test development time
Avoid the maintenance hassle of “record and replay.” All components can be edited without the need for QTP Object repository
Utilize Pre-build components that are uploaded to the Quality Center environment in just minutes.
Testing team can start the test design much earlier during the system design itself, Thus accelerating the time for deploying the SAP Software
Provide automatic multi-language support to their testing environments
Generate automated tests and test case documentation in a single step, saving a significant amount of test automation work.
Business Process Testing with SAP TAO greatly improves the productivity of subject matter experts and QA/test engineers
Automation Testing Vs SAP TAO

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Sap automation testing using qtp online training

  1. 1. sap automation testing using qtp online training Online | classroom| Corporate Training | certifications | placements| support CONTACT US: MAGNIFIC TRAINING INDIA +91-9052666559 USA : +1-678-693-3475
  2. 2. 2 What Does Test Automation Mean? It really means using tools to: – Manage test scheduling – Do repetitive and tedious testing tasks – Simulate users of the product – Be able to accurately reproduce tests – Run more tests in a shorter period of time – Build regression test suites – Build tests to validate requirements / functionality – Reduce Test Team headcount Test Effort Saving through Automation Test Automation will not: – Help a late project – Pay off on the first release – Completely replace manual testing – Eliminate test planning – Succeed without respect for basic software engineering practices Root Causes: Strategy not well defined Improper ROI calculation Improper test tool selection Improper framework design Insufficient coverage Root Causes: Strategy not well defined Improper ROI calculation Improper test tool selection Improper framework design Insufficient coverage Automation Objectives Improve time to market Efficient resource utilization Improve efficiency Automation Objectives Improve time to market Efficient resource utilization Improve efficiency Automation Challenges High Initial Investment Skill-set availability ROI duration Automation Challenges High Initial Investment Skill-set availability ROI duration Automation Strategy Reliability Reusability Repeatability Automation Strategy Reliability Reusability Repeatability
  3. 3. Automation Guidelines for Testers 3 Modularize test scripts for multiple execution combinations. Identify and abstract common functions used across multiple test scripts. Structure scripts with minimal dependencies to ensure scripts can run unattended even when multiple failures occur. Decouple complex business function testing from navigation, limit-testing, and other simple verification and validation activities. Abstract and decouple test data from the test scripts. follow the consistency in Process. Maintain Logs and Documents. Analyze and evaluate the Failures.
  4. 4. Benefits of Automation 4  Reduced post delivery defects with extensive test coverage.  Generation of consistent, repeatable, accurate logs and test results.  Redeploy test resources to focus high value tasks.  Consistency of Test Execution Test Automation yields significant reductions in testing time and means a new software release gets to market faster. Detect defects early in the life cycle. Reduced Manual Effort. Reduced cost of testing after initial cost of implementation. Reduce regression efforts in the steady state. Improved Quality Reduced Cost Reduced Cycle Time
  5. 5. Automation Selection Criteria – Picking the “Right” Candidates The decision of whether or not to automate the test process should be driven by ROI considerations Guidelines to Identify Test Cases to automated Persistent application features: Core functionality Test Cases of the system that are unlikely to change significantly over time. Driving with Value : At a fundamental level, automation value is driven by the coverage it provides contrasted against the time it takes to automate it versus the time saved by the automation. Time and Effort Saving : Which test cases consume huge amount of manual effort, they should be getting automated Consistent and Accurate Test Execution : Where manual testing fail to provide accurate results and consistency in every run. 5
  6. 6. 6 Challenges in Test Automation
  7. 7. 7 Automation Framework 7
  8. 8. Introduction to Automation Framework  Test Automation Framework is defined as a set of assumptions, concepts, and practices that constitute a work platform or support for automated testing.  Automation Framework is a process of Structuring and Organizing Scripts to increase the level of reusability and readability of scripts. 8
  9. 9. Automation Framework Features 9
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  11. 11. 11 Data Driven Automation Framework Hybrid Automation Framework Modular Automation Framework Keyword Driven Automation Framework Test Automation Framework Types of Test Automation Framework
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  13. 13. 13 Architecture of Hybrid Automation Framework 13 Application Driver Sheet Main DataSheet ResultSheet Sub Script IF Flag Y/N No Yes Perform Validation Driver Script IF Flag Y/N Yes No Main Script IF Flag Y/N No Yes Perform Validation Sub Suite Yes No Sub Suite Folder Regression Suite Automation Framework Start
  14. 14. 14 Framework - Work Flow Design 14 Siebel App Type SAP Object Class Siebel Button Siebel EditBox Operation Checkpoint Function Operation Type Std.CheckPoint TxtCheckPoint User Defined Function Call  Framework design will be independent of functionality and technology  Framework need to be upgraded for new technology and Automation Suites to be upgraded for new functionally, but design remains constant  Application type, Object Class, Object Name, Operation and Operation Type are the deciding factor of the automation flow of execution  Your Data Drives the Flow not the framework  Framework will process the inputs and perform the operation in the application, update the result back to the suite,  If your data is incorrect then the suite will fail
  15. 15. 15 High Level Framework Design 15  Driver Sheet : The Starting Point of Framework and will contain all the information about Regression Suite( like (Path, Suite Name, Module Name and Flag, etc )  Driver Script : Will check the Flag status of All the Regression Suite in the Driver sheet Flag = Yes ( Suite need to be executed) Flag = No ( Suite need not to execute)  Main Script : It will locate the regression suite and get data from the Main datasheet It will read all the rows in the datasheet, 1 to n rows, before process a row, it will check the Flag Status( Yes/No)  Main Datasheet : Each Row will contain technical data, test data and a flag One line of Script will be converted into one row in Datasheet  Sub Script and Sub Data Sheet : We can call Reusable Suites inside your Reg. Suites  Function Library : Set of Reusable Functions  ResultSheet : Customized results for user s better understanding Driver Script Driver Sheet Main Script Main Data Sheet Sub Script Sub Data Sheet N N Frame work Automation Suite 1. Driver Sheet 2. Driver Script 3. Main Script 4. Sub Script 5. Function Library 6. Recovery scenarios 1. Main Data Sheet 2. Object Repository 3. Reusable Suite 4. Result Sheet
  16. 16. 16 Steps to Create the Automation suite using Framework 16 Step 1: Create a Folder for your Automation Suite (Ex. Support_Request) Step 2: Record the Flow which you need to automate and Save the Flow Script Step 3: Save the Local Object Repository as Shared Obj. Repository in the Folder (Automation Suite Folder) Step 4: Use the “Data Generator” to Convert your Flow into Datasheet and save the same In the automation Folder Step 5: Save a Result Sheet Template
  17. 17. 17 Driver Sheet Application ModuleName Path Dependencies Flag CRM Login C:Shell AutomationCRMLogin Yes CRM Transaction C:Shell AutomationCRMTransaction Yes CRM Opportunity C:Shell AutomationCRMOpportunity No SAP SupportRequest C:Shell AutomationSAPSupportRequest Yes  Driver sheet is a Starting point of the framework architecture  Driver Sheet is an repository to store all the automation suite informations  Path and Flag are mandatory fields  We can free to add more fields for user reference. (Like tester name, comments)
  18. 18. 18 Main Data Sheet 18  Main Data Sheet will have a huge amount of data, they are Flow Data, technical and test data, Test case information's  Flow data : Windows Name, Object Name and Object Class etc.,  Test Data : Account Id, Customer Id, Login Details and URL etc.,  Technical Data : Operation, Operation Type, Parameters, Flag & Comments  Test case Info(Optional ) : Test case Id, Test Description etc.,  Your Flow Scripts will be converted into Main Data and the Same will be saved in Excel  Single Line of Flow Script will be converted into data structure in Main Data Sheet  Main Data Sheet is in a table form, so easy for the end user to understand the flow and execute/ maintain the same,  Main Data Sheet is like a “keyword view” of your flow script
  19. 19. 19 Flow Script 19  Flow Script is the script which you recorded to automate  Later Data Generator will covert your flow script into data in a form which the framework can understand.
  20. 20. 20 Main Data Sheet 20
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  22. 22. Common Components Below are the components of the Automation Framework:  Data Tables  Environment  Libraries  Object repository  Results  Runtime  Scripts  Recovery scenario  Documents  Tools 22 Tools Data Tables Environment Object Repository Scripts Libraries Recovery scenario • Runtime • Documents Framework Results
  23. 23. Data Tables Data table leads to Parameterization Repository for Test Data Designed for User Interaction Data table can be an Excel Document, Ms-Access, Database Framework will Design the Data table Structure and mapping 23 Username Password User1 pwd1 User2 pwd2 User3 pwd3
  24. 24. Environment 24
  25. 25. Libraries  Time and resource can be saved using reusable functions.  Decomposing the scripts into functions, will increate the level of scripts understand ability.  Creating functions will reduce the dependencies within the scripts.  Scripts maintenance cost will considerably come down.  Support future enhancements. . 25 ApplicationDriver Scripts Function Library Function library Collection of Reusable operations in the form of Predefined Structure
  26. 26. Object Repositories / Object Maps  The Storage band for Application Objects  It Provides the interaction between scripts and application  The object repository is shared and module-specific.  While Execution the Object repository will help the script to Identify the Objects in the application  Repository will have list of objects along with configured properties and their values  Object Repository will have enough no.of properties to uniquely identify an Object  Shared object repository should have the extn : ABC.tsr (Test Shared Repository)  Module-specific repository should have a extn : (Module Test Repository) 26 Object Repository Object1 Property Name Property Name Property Value Property Value Object2 Property Name Property Name Property Value Property Value Structure of Object RepositoryStructure of Object Repository
  27. 27. Tools & Scripts, Recovery scenario, Results Tools : This folder contains macro files. Using these files will reduce time for writing scripts, converting files, and shortcut to generate code. Scripts : This folder contains local test scripts; this folder will be used while development and maintenance stage. Once script gets delivered it will upload to centralize location Test Director or Quality Centre. Recovery scenario : This folder can be used as recovery scenario function library file. Also, through QTP particular scenario, converted file is kept under this folder and associates the test script. Results : The current execution status will be updated after every run. All the Script failures, test status, recovery actions will be logged in Result. 27 QTP Settings Library Files Recovery Scenarios Object Configuratio n Environme nt Open Script Test Script Run Script Test Script Script Failure Test Script Resume Executio n Execution Completed Update Result CLOSE QTP Execution -End
  28. 28. Question & Answers
  29. 29. Should you require any further information please do not hesitate to contact us  Sap testing online training contact us:  or +919052666559 By Real Time Experts from Hyderabad, Bangalore ,India,USA,Canada,UK, Australia,South Africa.
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