Use Right In Taiwan

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Use Right In Taiwan

  1. 1. Use Right in Taiwan <ul><li>Feng- Chun Ting </li></ul><ul><li>20/Mar 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>CIFM </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing right fishery system in Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction to the Marine Geology and History of Taiwan <ul><li>1.Taiwan under Japanese rule </li></ul><ul><li>2.Kuroshio </li></ul><ul><li>3.Altitude and latitude </li></ul>
  4. 4. Traditional fish boat
  5. 5. Kuroshio current <ul><li>From Philippines to Japan through Taiwan </li></ul>
  6. 6. Terrain <ul><li>West : Shallow </li></ul><ul><li>East : Deep </li></ul>
  7. 7. Stone Tidal Weir <ul><li>Station Fishery Use Right </li></ul>
  8. 8. Oyster Culture <ul><li>Regional Fishery use right </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fixed fishing net <ul><li>Station Fishery Use Right </li></ul>
  10. 10. Long lining <ul><li>Special fishery use right </li></ul>
  11. 11. Agar Weed and Abalone
  12. 12. Agar Weed and Abalone <ul><li>Monopolized fishery use right </li></ul><ul><li>Agar Weed can be made to jelly </li></ul><ul><li>Abalone was cultured coast platform cave. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fishermen population in Taiwan in 2007
  14. 14. Quasi-Property <ul><li>Similar to ownership may accrue to a party who does an act which benefits society as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>“Quasi” = “almost&quot; or &quot;resembling&quot; </li></ul>
  15. 15. The explanation to quasi-property <ul><li>Transferable </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>Time-Limit: 3-15 years </li></ul><ul><li>Claims on real assets </li></ul>
  16. 16. How to own fishery use right? <ul><li>Apply </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>Re-apply </li></ul>
  17. 17. Fishermen’s associations <ul><li>Exclusive fishery right management authority is held by: </li></ul><ul><li>1. fishermen’s association </li></ul><ul><li>2. fishery product community. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Case Study <ul><li>How would you do if you were a judge? </li></ul>1.High Sea 2.Use Right Conflict 3.National park 4.Net Cage
  19. 19. High sea <ul><li>No property </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy of commons </li></ul><ul><li>Coase Theorem (1991 Economic Nobel Prize) </li></ul><ul><li>Use in peace </li></ul>
  20. 20. High seas in bright blue <ul><li>Source: Wikipedia </li></ul>
  21. 21. Bigeye tuna <ul><li>Living in Indian and Atlantic ocean high sea </li></ul>
  22. 22. Fishing on sea weed island <ul><li>Monopolized right </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict! </li></ul>
  23. 23. National Park <ul><li>JetSki </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul>
  24. 24. National Park Law <ul><li>General restricted region </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment region </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved historical ruins region </li></ul><ul><li>Special landscape region </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved ecological region </li></ul>
  25. 25. Net Cage <ul><li>Provide recreational fishing tour </li></ul><ul><li>Not very much footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing fishes from cage, not wild </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Should adopt ITQ system </li></ul><ul><li>Should evaluate fisherman’s association </li></ul><ul><li>Not exclusive but diverse </li></ul><ul><li>Law education to public </li></ul><ul><li>Non-gratuitous usage system </li></ul><ul><li>Retreat mechanism </li></ul>Conclusion / Recommendation
  27. 27. References <ul><li>葉進雄 , 我國漁業權管理法制之研究 , 國立臺灣海洋大學海洋法律研究所 , 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan National Park Law No.12 </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan International Law </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan Fishery Law No.24 / 41 /42 </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan Civil Code Law No.767 </li></ul>
  28. 28. Thank you for your attention!

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